Present Perfect
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Present Perfect Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Present Perfect
  • 2. Present Perfect Simple
    • have / has + past participle
    • I have seen the film before.
    • She has seen the film before.
    • Have you seen the film before?
    • Has she seen the film before?
    • They have n’t seen the film before.
    • He has n’t seen the film before.
  • 3. 1) Recent events
    • Present Perfect Simple is used to describe recent events ( just, recently, lately ).
    • I ’ve left my shopping bag behind.
    • I ’ve just broken my watch.
  • 4.
    • We can also describe events that have not happened.
    • I haven’t found her phone number yet .
    • The result of the event is present .
    • I’ ve broken my arm, as you can see.
    • I think I’ ve eaten something bad. I don’t feel well.
  • 5. 2) Indefinite events
    • Present Perfect Simple – No definite time is given for the event.
    • I ’ve been to France three times.
    • Compared with Past Simple – Events described using the Past Simple have definite time (yesterday, last week ...)
    • I went to France last year .
  • 6.
    • Gerald has bought a new car. He bought it last week .
    • Have you met Ray? – Yes, I met him when we were students .
    • My parents have been to India. In fact, they went there twice last year .
    • Has anybody phoned me? – Yes, Joyce phoned an hour ago .
    • I ’ve seen that man before. – Really? When did you see him?
  • 7.
    • 3) Unfinished period of time
    • Some words or phrases of time, e.g. today, this morning / week / month / year , can be used with either the Present Perfect or the Past Simple . If the period is not finished at the time of speaking / writing, the Present Perfect is used.
    • I haven’t seen Rachel this morning . Have you? – No, she hasn’t come yet . (It’s still morning.)
    • I didn’t see Rachel this morning . Did you? – No, she didn’t come in at all. (It’s afternoon or evening.)
  • 8.
    • 4) Unfinished action
    • The Present Perfect can be used only for events or actions that are connected with the present . With events, people or actions that are known to be connected with the past (e.g. historical events, people who are dead), the Past Simple is used.
    • Stephen King has written many books.
    • Agatha Christie wrote detective stories.
    • U2 have sung all over the world.
    • How many songs did the Beatles write ?
  • 9. Circle the correct tense
    • I looked up at the sky and saw / have seen a very bright light.
    • I lost / have lost the keys to my car. I don’t know what to do.
    • I felt /have felt much better when I got to the mountains.
    • It rained / has rained for two days before we could leave the hotel for the first time.
  • 10.
    • I told / have told you the same thing over and over again. Why don’t you listen? I’ll tell you again, but please pay attention this time.
    • It became /has become very hot in here suddenly. Is there something wrong with the air-conditioning?
    • Haven’t you finished your homework yet? I finished / have finished mine hours ago.
    • I waited /have waited for hours but nobody came.
  • 11.
    • I met / have met many interesting people since I came here last May.
    • You smoked / have smoked ten cigarettes so far today. Don’t you think you should stop?
    • Last week I invited / have invited a few friends over for dinner.
    • After less than 10 minutes they realised / have realised that they were lost.