CONDITIONALS
ZERO CONDITIONAL <ul><li>Always true </li></ul><ul><li>Present simple +  present simple </li></ul><ul><li>If you  go  into...
FIRST CONDITIONAL <ul><li>Possible real situation in the future </li></ul><ul><li>Present tense + will </li></ul><ul><ul><...
SECOND CONDITIONAL <ul><li>Hypothetical situation </li></ul><ul><li>Past simple +  would </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If the busi...
THIRD CONDITIONAL <ul><li>Impossible to change </li></ul><ul><li>Past perfect + would + present perfect </li></ul><ul><ul>...
MIXED CONDITIONAL <ul><li>Hypothetical present result of a past action </li></ul><ul><li>a) Past simple + would + present ...
OTHER PHRASES
OTHER PHRASES Expression Use Type of conditional Should you Formal business communication 1 Provided/as long as Specific c...
EXAMPLES (1) <ul><li>Should  you  have  any questions,  do not hesitate  to contact me. (1/1) </li></ul><ul><li>Provided  ...
EXAMPLES (1/2 OR 2/3) <ul><li>If you would  like to follow me, I  will  show you to your room. (2/1) </li></ul><ul><li>If ...
EXAMPLES (3 OR MIXED) <ul><li>Supposing  John  had been murdered , Jerry  would have bought  his business. (3/3) </li></ul...
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Conditionals

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Conditionals

  1. 1. CONDITIONALS
  2. 2. ZERO CONDITIONAL <ul><li>Always true </li></ul><ul><li>Present simple + present simple </li></ul><ul><li>If you go into business with relatives, it tends to become stressful. </li></ul>
  3. 3. FIRST CONDITIONAL <ul><li>Possible real situation in the future </li></ul><ul><li>Present tense + will </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If I need help, I will hire someone. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. SECOND CONDITIONAL <ul><li>Hypothetical situation </li></ul><ul><li>Past simple + would </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If the business did not go well, I would sell it. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. THIRD CONDITIONAL <ul><li>Impossible to change </li></ul><ul><li>Past perfect + would + present perfect </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If I had noticed he was stealing, we would not have lost all our money. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. MIXED CONDITIONAL <ul><li>Hypothetical present result of a past action </li></ul><ul><li>a) Past simple + would + present perfect </li></ul><ul><li>If I were you, I would have sold that car. </li></ul><ul><li>b) Past perfect + would </li></ul><ul><li>If we hadn’t sold the business, we would be bankrupt now. </li></ul>
  7. 7. OTHER PHRASES
  8. 8. OTHER PHRASES Expression Use Type of conditional Should you Formal business communication 1 Provided/as long as Specific conditions that need to be met 1 (Should) happen to Emphasise something that is unlikely to happen 1 If you will/would Polite form instead of present or past simple 1 or 2 If only/ I wish Wish or regret 2 or 3 Supposing Something imaginary; common speech 3 or mixed If it hadn’t been for Show the negative result that would have happened without something else happening 3 or mixed
  9. 9. EXAMPLES (1) <ul><li>Should you have any questions, do not hesitate to contact me. (1/1) </li></ul><ul><li>Provided that you are over age, you can travel without adult supervision. (1/1) </li></ul><ul><li>If you happen to see Tom, can you tell him that I need some money? (1/1) </li></ul>
  10. 10. EXAMPLES (1/2 OR 2/3) <ul><li>If you would like to follow me, I will show you to your room. (2/1) </li></ul><ul><li>If you will send me the report as soon as possible, I would be very grateful. (1/2) </li></ul><ul><li>_____________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>If only he stopped bothering me, I would be happier. (2/2) </li></ul><ul><li>If only I had gone to university, I would be a doctor today. (3/2) </li></ul><ul><li>If only I had gone to university, I would have become a doctor. (3/3) </li></ul><ul><li>*I wish…or </li></ul>
  11. 11. EXAMPLES (3 OR MIXED) <ul><li>Supposing John had been murdered , Jerry would have bought his business. (3/3) </li></ul><ul><li>Supposing John had been murdered , Jerry would buy his business. (3/2) </li></ul><ul><li>____________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>If it hadn’t been for that great doctor, I would have died . (3/3) </li></ul><ul><li>If it hadn’t been for that great doctor, I would be dead. (3/2) </li></ul>

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