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  2. 2. ARISHA BSIT-F11-M-09
  3. 3. Emotions Emotions are feelings which are response against some situation associated with physiological and cognitive elements and have major influence on behavior
  4. 4. Scope In Human Life • Decision Making • Boundary Setting • Communication • Happiness • Unity • Survival
  5. 5. physiological element Cognitive element Behavioral element Subjective experience Elements of emotions
  6. 6. Physiological element It involves active changes in the physical body. The physiological component includes all of the bodily changes that occur in emotion.
  7. 7. Cognitive element It emphasizes the importance of thoughts, beliefs and expectations in determining the type and intensity of emotional response.
  8. 8. Behavioral element: It involves the various forms of expression that emotions may take facial expressions, bodily postures and gestures and tone of voice vary with anger, joy, sorrow, fear and so on .
  9. 9. Facial Expressions
  10. 10. Subjective experience It includes elements of pleasure and displeasure, intensity of feeling and complexity.
  11. 11. ALINA ALI BSIT-F11-M-39
  12. 12. Classification of emotion Positive emotions Mixed emotions Primary emotions Negative emotions
  13. 13. Primary emotions The emotions which are felt at initial or minimal level are term as primary emotions. e.g. happiness , fear ,hate ,anger and so on.
  14. 14. Mixed emotions Mixed emotions are the mixture of two or more than two emotions. They are complex. e.g. the emotions of disappointment are mixture of sadness and surprise , jealousy emotions are mixture of love and anger .
  15. 15. Positive emotions The emotions which tend to increase one’s sense of well being and promote constructive relationships with others are term as positive emotions. Positive emotions are motivational.
  16. 16. Negative emotions The emotions which tend to decrease one’s sense of well being and create disturbed relationships with others are term as negative emotions . Negative emotions are de motivational.
  17. 17. Types of emotions • Love and interest • Joy and elation • Sadness and depression • Boredom • Fear and anxiety • Anger and irritability
  18. 18. wheel of emotions
  19. 19. HALEEMA IJAZ BSIT-F11-M-19
  20. 20. Theories of emotions The James-Lange Theory of Emotion: The James-Lange theory is one of the best- known examples of a physiological theory of emotion. Independently proposed by psychologist William James and physiologist Carl Lange, the James-Lange theory of emotion suggests that emotions occur as a result of physiological reactions to events.
  21. 21. The Cannon-Bard Theory of Emotion This theory states that we feel emotions and experience physiological reactions such as sweating, trembling and muscle tension simultaneously. More specifically, it is suggested that emotions result when the thalamus sends a message to the brain in response to a stimulus, resulting in a physiological reaction.
  22. 22. Schachter – singer theory Schachter and Singer developed the two-factor theory of emotion. The two-factor theory suggests that emotion comes from a combination of a state of arousal and a cognition that makes best sense of the situation the person is in.
  23. 23. RED Positive: Physical courage, strength, warmth, energy, basic survival, ‘fight or flight', stimulation, masculinity, excitement. Negative: Defiance, aggression, visual impact, strain.
  24. 24. BLUE Positive: Intelligence, communication, tr ust, efficiency, serenity, duty, lo gic, coolness, reflection, calm. Negative: Coldness, aloofness, lack of emotion, unfriendliness.
  25. 25. YELLOW Positive: Optimism, confidence, self- esteem, extraversion, emotion al strength, friendliness, creativit y. Negative: Irrationality, fear, emotional fragility, depression, anxiety, s uicide.
  26. 26. GREEN Positive: Harmony, balance, refreshment, universal love, rest, restoration, reassurance, environmental awareness, equilibrium, peace. Negative: Boredom, stagnation, blandness, enervation.
  27. 27. ORANGE Positive: Physical comfort, food, warmth, security, sensuality, passion, abundance, fun. Negative: Deprivation, frustration, frivolity, immaturity.
  28. 28. PINK Positive: Physical tranquility, nurture, warmth, femininity, love, sexuality, survival of the species. Negative: Inhibition, emotional claustrophobia, emasculation, physical weakness.
  29. 29. RABIA NAZEER BSIT-F11-M-17
  30. 30. WHITE Positive: Hygiene, sterility, clarity, purity, cleanness, simplicity, sophistication, efficiency. Negative: Sterility, coldness, barriers, unfriendliness, elitism.
  31. 31. VIOLET Positive: Spiritual awareness, containment, visi on, luxury, authenticity, truth , quality. Negative: Introversion, decadence, sup pression, inferiority.
  32. 32. GREY Positive: Psychological neutrality. Negative: Lack of confidence, dampness, depression, hibernation, lack of energy.
  33. 33. BLACK Positive: Sophistication, glamour, security, emotional safety, efficiency, substance. Negative: Oppression, coldness, menace, heaviness.
  34. 34. BROWN Positive: Seriousness, warmth, Nature, earthiness, reliability, support. Negative: Lack of humour, heaviness, lack of sophistication.
  35. 35. Endocrinology Endocrinology is a branch of biology that deals with endocrine system and its specific secretions called hormones
  36. 36. Functions of endocrine system are: • Integration of developmental events proliferation • Growth • Differentiation(histogenesis and organogenesis) • Co ordination of metabolism • Respiration • Excretion • Movement etc.
  37. 37. Endocrinology
  38. 38. Role of brain in emotion • Brain consists of two broad parts: • Cerebral cortex • Subcortical centers Hypothalamus is responsible for the control of sympathetic and parasympathetic systems.  Thalamus performs the function of relaying messages of impulses to the cerebral cortex
  39. 39. Emotional disorders • Depression • Fatigue • Anxiety • Anhedonia • Poor appetite • Personality disorders • Behavioral disorders • Sleep disorder • Adrenal gland disorder • Lymphatic disease