Garbage management marpol 2012 training


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IMO Resolution MEPC.219(63) and MEPC.220(63),

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Garbage management marpol 2012 training

  1. 1. Samco Scandinavia Goodwood Ship ManagementDisclaimer: This Presentation is made from copied material from internet research and GoodwoodSMS reference Pankaj K Jha Chief Officer Samco Scandinavia, Goodwood Ship Management 1
  2. 2. The purpose of Garbage Management plan is to provide guidance to the Master andcrew on board the ship on the procedures for collecting, storing, processing anddisposing of garbage, including the use of the equipment on board.The Plan is written in accordance with the requirements of Regulation 10 of therevised MARPOL Annex V (IMO Resolution MEPC.201(62) with an entry into forcedate of 1 January, 2013.The guidelines contained in IMO Resolution MEPC.219(63) and MEPC.220(63)are used as a direction on complying with mandatory requirements for thedevelopment of a ship’s Garbage Management Plan and in implementingregulation 10.2 of the revised MARPOL Annex V. Samco Scandinavia, Goodwood Ship Management 2
  3. 3. Designated officer ?(i.e. Chief Officer) for shipboard handling and discharge of garbage. Chief Officer shallalso ensure that persons responsible to operate garbage handing equipments listed inappendix-7 are suitably trained.PlacardsThe placards shall be written in the working language of the ship’s crewThe placards shall be permanently posted stating the prohibition and restrictions fordischarging garbage from ships under MARPOL Annex V and the possible penaltiesfor failure to comply.Placards should also be replaced when damage or wear compromises the readabilityPlacards should be displayed at eye line height and be printed in the working languageof the crew. Samco Scandinavia, Goodwood Ship Management 3
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  6. 6. Garbage Record BookThe Garbage Record Book whether as a part of the ship’s official log-book or otherwise, shall bein the form specified in the Appendix Form of Garbage Record Book to MARPOL Annex V Recordof Garbage Discharges.•Each discharge into the sea or to a reception facility, or a completed incineration, shall bepromptly recorded in the Garbage Record Book and signed for on the date of the discharge orincineration by the officer in charge. Each completed page of the Garbage Record Book shall besigned by the Master of the ship.•Entry to each discharge or incineration shall be made with date, time and position of ship andcategory of garbage and estimated amount discharged or incinerated.•The Garbage Record Book shall be kept on board the ship in a place where it is readily availablefor inspection at all reasonable times. This document shall be preserved onboard for a period ofat least two years from the date of the last entry made in it.•In the event of discharge or accidental loss an entry shall be made in the Garbage Record Bookthe details of the items discharged or lost, and the reasonable precautions taken to prevent orminimize such discharge or accidental loss.While maintaining Garbage record book on board vessels, a receipt or a certificate specifying theestimated amount of garbage transferred.If a receipt or a certificate is not obtainable, the Master or the officer in charge shall makeentry in the log book.The receipts or certificates must be filed in the Garbage Receipt file and used in conjunctionwith the Garbage Record book. It should be kept on board the vessel for a period of at least twoyears after the last entry in the “Garbage Record Book”. Samco Scandinavia, Goodwood Ship Management 6
  7. 7. Garbage Record BookGarbage is to be grouped into categories for thepurposes of the Garbage RecordBook (or ships official log-book) as follows:A. PlasticsB. Food wastesC. Domestic wastes (e.g., paper products, rags,glass, metal, bottles,crockery, etc.)D. Cooking oilE. Incinerator AshesF. Operational wastesG. Cargo residuesH. Animal Carcass(es)I. Fishing gear Samco Scandinavia, Goodwood Ship Management 7
  8. 8. How can we reduce the Garbage, if we have long voyage and less space to store thegarbage?????Garbage minimizationa) Source Reduction at the Place of Originstores/spares suppliers are encouraged to use packing material which will minimise environmentalimpact. Give back packaging material immediately after supply( when we return the slings andpallets to the supplier or supply boat ) Also in the day-to-day business of the vessel, a minimum ofpackaging should be moved within the ship. Wrapping material should be e.g. removed in theprovisions room and the transport to the galley should be organized in two-way-boxes. By doing so,the amount of garbage arising in the galley can be reduced.b) Reuse or Recyclepreferably reusable or recyclable material should be used for packaging.c) DisposalDischarge of all garbage into the sea is prohibited, except as provided otherwise in regulations 4, 5,6 and 7 of revised MARPOL Annex V.The proper disposal in the ports has the priority over discharge at sea. Samco Scandinavia, Goodwood Ship Management 8
  9. 9. Shipboard garbage handling (collection, processing, storage anddischarge)Regulation 3 of MARPOL Annex V provides that the discharge of all garbage into the sea isprohibited, with limited exceptions, as summarised in Table-1. Under certain conditions,discharge into the sea is permitted for food wastes; animal carcasses; cleaning agents andadditives contained in hold wash water, deck and external surface wash water; and cargoresidues which are not considered to be harmful to the marine environment.Special exceptions for the discharge of garbageRegulation 3, 4, 5 and 6 of MARPOL Annex V shall not apply to:a) The discharge of garbage from a ship necessary for the purpose of securing the safety of a ship and those on board or saving life at sea; orb) The accidental loss of garbage resulting from damage to a ship or its equipment provided all reasonable precautions have been taken before and after the occurrence of the damage, to prevent or minimize the accidental loss; orc) The accidental loss of fishing gear from a ship provided that all reasonable precautions havebeen taken to prevent such loss; ord) The discharge of fishing gear from a ship for the protection of the marineenvironment or for the safety of that ship or its crew. Samco Scandinavia, Goodwood Ship Management 9
  10. 10. Designated person in charge of carrying out the planMaster and Chief Engineer shall have overall responsibility to ensure that Garbage ManagementPlan is effectively implemented. In accordance with the regulation 10.2 of the revised MARPOLAnnex V.Chief Officer is designated as the person in-charge of carrying out the Garbage ManagementPlan and is responsible for implementing the procedures within the Garbage Management Plan.The Chief Officer will be assisted by personnel of all departments Chief Officer shall assignduties of collection and stowage of garbage from deck and accommodation areas to Bosun.Bosun shall be assisted by other crewmembers in collection, separation and stowage of garbage.For galley area & accommodation areas, duties of collection and stowage ofGarbage shall be assigned to Chief cook.Chief Cook shall be assisted by other galley crew in collection, separation andstowage of garbage.Chief Engineer and 2nd Engineer has the day to day responsibility for the collection and stowage ofgarbage from the Engine department including store rooms, workshops, lockers, casings,Emergency generator room etc.2ndEngineer shall assign duties of collection and stowage of garbage from engine room toresponsible person from engine crew.The 2nd Engineer has the obligation to assist the Chief Officer in the education of the crewconcerning garbage handling.All shipboard personnel who are assigned tasks as required by this procedureshall comply with this plan. Samco Scandinavia, Goodwood Ship Management 10
  11. 11. Procedures for collecting garbageSuitable Receptacles for Collection and SeparationAny garbage shall be put in the receptacles of the appropriate category only.All persons on board - regardless the crew or passenger – must comply with this principle.Receptacles for ash, cigarettes, matches or other hot material, shall be fireproof. Receptacles forwet waste or humidity submitting substances have to be waterproof.( No Storing of Food waste inPaper Bags) All receptacles and containers have to be colour coded and stencilled, i.e. thedescription of the garbage category and the type of the waste. Garbage Description Colour Category A Plastics Red ? B Food wastes Blue C Domestic wastes Black D Cooking oil Violet E Incinerator Ashes Grey Operational F Yellow wastes G Cargo residues Orange Samco Scandinavia, Goodwood Ship Management 11
  12. 12. The definition of "operational wastes" (regulation 1.12 of MARPOLAnnex V) excludes grey water, bilge water, or other similar dischargesessential to the operation of a ship. "Other similar discharges“essential to the operation of a ship include, but are not limited to thefollowing: boiler/economizer blowdown; boat engine wet exhaust; chain locker effluent; controllable pitch propeller and thruster hydraulic fluid and other oilto sea interfaces (e.g. thruster bearings, stabilizers, rudder bearings,etc.); distillation/reverse osmosis brine; elevator pit effluent; Cargo residues means firemain systems water; only those cargo freshwater lay-up; residues that cannot be gas turbine washwater; recovered using motor gasoline and compensating discharge; commonly available machinery wastewater; methods for unloading. pool, spa water and recreational waters; sonar dome discharge; and welldeck discharges. Samco Scandinavia, Goodwood Ship Management 12
  13. 13. So, are we doing proper Garbage Segregation? Paper in Food waste!!! Who segregates this??? Steward? Chief Officer?? Or “You” Samco Scandinavia, Goodwood Ship Management 13
  14. 14. C. Transport from the Source of Generation to the Collection andSeparation Stationsa. Garbage in the Crew Area (Crew Cabins)The cabins of the ship’s officers are shall be served by galley crew. All other crew cabins shall beserved by the respective crew. They shall bring their garbage to the central collection andseparation stations in the receptacles located in their cabins.b. Garbage in the Accommodation AreaGarbage arising in the accommodation area of the crew and in common areas shall be collectedin receptacles served by the galley crew / deck crew. Cans, bottles, etc. which are generated ingalley, dining room, saloon and private rooms shall be collected separately by each individuals.c. Garbage in Pantries and GalleysVery different types of garbage are being generated here. They shall be separated according togarbage categories. Food waste shall be kept separate from other garbage. This may disposedto sea through comminutor or retained on board for disposal to shore reception facility.Precautions must be taken to ensure that plastics associated with food wastes (e.g. plastic foodwrappers) are not discharged at sea with the food wastes.Cooking oil means any type of edible oil or animal fat used or intended to be used for thepreparation or cooking of food, but does not include the food itself that is prepared using theseoils. Except as provided in regulation 7 of this MARPOL Annex V, the discharge into the sea ofcooking oil is prohibited. All galley/pantry waste shall be taken to the collecting places at leastonce a day.. Samco Scandinavia, Goodwood Ship Management 14
  15. 15. d. Cargo-associated Waste(N/A Tankers)These are all materials which have become wastes as a result of use on board a shipfor cargo stowage and handling. The cargo associated wastes include, but are notlimited to dunnage, shoring, pallets, lining and packing materials, plywood, paper,cardboard, separation nets, jute cloths, wire and steel strapping. The waste iscollected and separated by responsible person for the deck area.e. Water-pollutant WastesOther kind of wastes are e.g. paint residues, thinner, residues of other chemicals,cleaning agents, waste oils etc. as well as bins and rags contaminated with thesesubstances. Furthermore, soot, machinery residues, scrapped paint, decksweepings, wiping wastes and rags, toner cartridges from photostat copiers or laserprinters, ink cartridges of computer printers etc. arise. Also, the residues and wasteof free-lancers on board, particularly hairdresser belong to the ship’s garbage. Underany circumstance, all these wastes must not be discharged at sea but have tobe disposed to reception facilities ashore.f. Incineration ashesThese are to be collected and separated by the engine crew.g. Fishing Linesh. Recyclable WasteIt is recommended that the crew should deposit recyclables such as glass, metal,plastic, paper wastes, etc., into receptacles provided Samco Scandinavia, Goodwood Ship Management 15
  16. 16. Ship’s Training or Education Programmes to Facilitate Collectionof GarbageThis is what we are doing now.After joining the Company vessels, all crew members shall receive an introduction to GarbageManagement Plan. The treatment of garbage and keeping the oceans and waters clean is anintegral part of on-board familiarization programme.Before commencement of the voyage, ship’s officers shall give a brief introduction about voyageschedule, in which all crew members on board shall take part. Garbage handling during the voyageshall be discussed in this briefing.In addition to that, this Garbage Management Plan shall be made available to everyone at any timefor information.The Chief Officer with the assistance of 2nd engineer shall provide training to allcrew involved in operating garbage processing equipment and collecting,separating and disposing of garbage as part of their operational responsibilities.This should be carried out during on board familiarization (Ref to 08.10.082) Samco Scandinavia, Goodwood Ship Management 16
  17. 17. CompactorsCompactors make garbage easier to store on board ship and totransfer to port reception facilities.A compactor shall be installed in a compartment with adequateroom for operating and maintaining the unit and for storing thetrash to be processed.Eg. At Hound Point the charge for landing garbage ashore wasapproximately 2100$ per Cubic Meter. If the garbage like Plastic,Cartons and Papers are not compacted they tend to appear insizes approximately 5 times that of the compacted sizeit is recommended that the space where compactor is installedshould have freshwater wash down service, coamings, deckdrains, adequate ventilation and hand or automatic fixed fire-fighting equipment.. Samco Scandinavia, Goodwood Ship Management 17
  18. 18. Grinders or comminutorsThe discharge of comminuted food wastes may be permitted underregulations4.1.1 and 6.1.1 of MARPOL Annex V while the ship is enroute. Such comminuted or ground food waste must be capable ofpassing through a screen with openings no greater than 25 mm.Most modern ships galleys have the equipment needed to produce slurryof food particles and water that washes easily through the required 25mm screen. Output ranges from 10 to 250 litres per minute. Althoughlarger food scraps may be discharged beyond 12 nautical miles, it isrecommended that comminutors be used even outside this limit becausethey hasten assimilation into the marine environment. Because foodwastes comminuted with plastics cannot be discharged at sea, all plasticmaterials must be removed before food wastes are ground up.When operating inside a special area, regulation 6 of MARPOL Annex Vrequires all food wastes to be comminuted or ground before dischargeinto the sea. All discharges are to be made as far as practicable and notless than 12 nautical miles from the nearest land or ice-shelf. Samco Scandinavia, Goodwood Ship Management 18
  19. 19. IncineratorsIncineration conducted in a shipboard incinerator can significantly reduce the need to store garbageon board the ship. Shipboard incinerators should be designed, constructed, operated andmaintained in accordance with the IMO Standard Specification for Shipboard Incinerators (IMOResolution MEPC.76(40) as amended). MARPOL Annex VI requires shipboard incinerators installedafter 1 January 2000 to be type approved and meet specific air pollution criteria. Incineratorsshould only be used to incinerate materials that are specified by the incinerator manufacturer.Annex VI prohibits the incineration of MARPOL Annex I, II and III cargo residues, relatedcontaminated packing materials, The incineration of sewage sludge and sludge oil,generated duringthe normal operation of the ship, is allowed in main or auxiliary power plant or boilers under AnnexVI, but incineration by such methods is banned in ports, harbors and estuaries.Note: Residue from plastic incineration is still considered plastic andthus cannot be discharged overboard. Samco Scandinavia, Goodwood Ship Management 19
  20. 20. Review of Garbage management PlanThe Office shall review garbage management plan on annual basis. Master shall conduct review ofthis plan while preparing master’s review.Technical Superintendents shall ensure that this plan is effectively implemented and records aremaintained as required by MARPOL, Annex V. They shall ensure that garbage processingequipments are maintained in good order at all times.During internal audits, auditors shall check the contents of this plan, garbage record book, garbagereceipt file, garbage collection, separation & stowage areas. Master’s review shall be checked forany suggestion given to improvise this plan. Group Discussion and Doubts Samco Scandinavia, Goodwood Ship Management 20