Spoken communication
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Spoken communication

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Spoken communication Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Spoken communication skills Developing Listening and Speaking Skills GEMA PESQUERO MÉNDEZ .
  • 2. Communication in the classroom
    • If you want a real communication in the classroom you need to
      • establish English asthe main classroom language
      • try to use interesting topics and stimulating activities and materials, which take the learner´s mind off the language
          • real events like the weather, pictures and realia brouught to class…
          • events in the world outside like films, families, sports…
  • 3. Focus on fluency vs. accuracy
    • Support and encourage listeners in their efforts to communicate their ideas
    • Don´t try to control what they say
    • Don´t interrupt learners everytime they make a language mistake to correct them
  • 4. LISTENING SKILLS
    • Listening is not a passive skill but a receptive skill. It requires as much attention and mental activity as speaking
    • That of the time an individual is engaged in communication
  • 5. Debates concerning the development of listening skills
    • Debates focusing on the nature of listening input
      • Whether or not listening should be made comprehensible for learners trough simplification?
    • Debates focusing on the role of listening in the early ELT curriculum
      • Whether teachers should stress the importance of learners haing a “silent period” in the early stages of learning and wait for “readness” to produce the language
  • 6.
    • Debates on the role of listening for comprehension and development of oracy (the ability to understand and participate in spoken communication)
      • How can classroom practice rehearse the kinds of listening purpose and situation that learners will experience outside the classroom?
      • How can we help learners build confidence in dealing with authentic spoken English?
      • What kind of classroom procedures will develop listening ability?
  • 7. What we do know about the listening process)
    • There are two tipes of listening processes
      • Bottom-up process- we use our knowledge of language and our ability to process acoustic signals to make sense of the sounds that speech present to us
      • Top-down process- We infer meaning from contextual clues and from making links between the spoken message and various types of prior Knowledge wich we hold.
  • 8. Types of listening
    • Participatory listening- interactional
    • Non-participatory- listening a conversations, radio, songs…where purpose in enjoyment
  • 9. Basics steps on listening
    • Hearing. Hearing just means listening enough to catch what the speaker is saying.
    • Understanding. The next part of listening happens when you take what you have heard and understand it in your own way.
    • Judging. After you are sure you understand what the speaker has said, think about whether it makes sense.
  • 10. Implications for the English language classroom
    • Creating reasons for listening for motivated the students
    • Teachers need to ensure that learners experience a range of listening purpose.
  • 11. Activity types for listening
    • Talking about a picture
    • Discuss about their holidays
    • Role-play
    • Sing
    • Tell a story
    • All of this example develop the communicative competence.
  • 12. REFERENCES
    • http://www.infoplease.com/homework/listeningskills1.html
    • http://www.ericdigests.org/pre-923/speaking.htm
    • http://languagearts.pppst.com/speaking.html
    • http://www.wikihow.com/Category:Speaking-and-Listening-Skills