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Speaking reference

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  • 1. Speaking reference
  • 2. Speaking reference Steps to speaking success: Build your confidence Listen to English Learn useful vocabulary and phrases
  • 3. Speaking reference  Speaking in an exam:  Tips:  Speak clearly: not too quietly or too fast  Use simple sentences and ideas  Do not repeat the same expressions too often  If you make an error, stay calm: quickly correct yourself and carry on  Learn phrases which you can use automatically in different situations  Repeat what the other person has said if you need time to think.  Do not worry if you do not know the exact translation of a phrase or word. Think of an alternative, simpler way of expression yourself in English.
  • 4. Speaking reference  An interview:  Tips:  Berfore the interview:  Prepare and practise answers to common interview questions (in next slide)  During the interview  Listen carefully to the questions. Do not worry if you do not understand every word: try to pick out the most important words.  Do not be afraid to ask for repetition or clarification of the questions  Answer with full sentences  If possible, repeat part of the question in your answer. This will give you more time to think  Give reasons for your anwers  Talk about your likes and dislikes, if relevant
  • 5. Speaking reference  Common interview questions:  What’s your name?  What´s your surname?  Can you spell your surname?  Where do you live?  Where were you born?  How long have you lived in this area?  What do you think of this area?  How far do you have to travel to school?
  • 6. Speaking reference  Common Interview Questions (cont.)  How long have you been studying English?  What is difficult about learning English?  What’s your family like?  What do you do in your free time?  What did you do last weekend?  What do you do when you’re with your friends?  What are your favourite subjects?  Have you ever been abroad?  Have you got any plans for the summer?  What would you like to do when youj leave school?  Have you thought about a career?  Would you like to go to university?
  • 7. Speaking refernce  Clarifying and asking for repetition. Useful expressions:  I’m not sure what you mean.  What exactly do you mean by…?  Do you want me to …?  Do you mean…?  Sorry?  Pardon?  Could you say that again, please?  Could you repeat that, please?  Sorry, I didn’t hear you. Would you mind repeating?
  • 8. Speaking reference  Gaining time to think. Useful expressions:  Well, let me think…  That’s an interesting question. I suppose…  I’ve never thought about that before. Let me see…  I’ll have to think about that a minute
  • 9. Speaking reference  Likes and dislikes. Useful expressions:  I love/really like…  I can’t stand/hate…  I don’t mind…  It’s great/terrible when…
  • 10. Speaking reference  Describing a photo:  Tips:  Start by describing the basic elements, even if they seem obvious. Include your impressions of the photo.  Next, describe the details.  If you cannot think of what to say, remember to ask yourself: who? Where? What? How? Why?  Memorize some useful expressions for describing what you can see.  If you do not know the precise name of something in the photo, think of an alternative way of describing it.  Use modal verbs to express possibilities.
  • 11. Speaking reference  Describing the basic elements:  This is a photo of a/some…  In this photo we can see…  The first thing that strikes me in this photo is the/that…  Describing what you can see:  The picture shows…/You can see…  There’s/There are  There seems to be (a)…  In the foreground/background there’s/there are…  I don’t know what it’s called, but there’s an object/person that looks like…
  • 12. Speaking reference  Describing impressions:  The photo is very colourful.  There is a lot going on/happening in this photo  She looks…  He’s got a … face  He seems…  It seems/It looks as if…  It seems/It looks as though …  It seems/It looks like…  You can see/tell/guess that…  From their expressions, I’d say that…
  • 13. Speaking reference  Remember to explain:  Who is in the photo?  Where are they?  What are they doing?  How do you think they feel?  Why do you think they are in this situation?
  • 14. Speaking reference  Identifying people:  The people in the picture are…  The girl in red is…  One/Both/Neither of them…  The man in blue is…  The person on the left/right/in the centre…
  • 15. Speaking reference  Describing scenes:  It’s a good place for…  The people there are…  You can see…  …
  • 16. Speaking reference  Expressing possibility:  It looks as if…  Maybe/Perhaps they’re…  They seem to be…  She’s/He’s probably…  He/She must be…  He/She might be/could be…  They’re definitely…
  • 17. Speaking reference  Giving examples:  For example, …  For instance, …  She probably … for things like …  We need…for a lot of things such as…
  • 18. Speaking reference  Discussing the theme:  Tips:  Start by expressing your interest in the theme.  Consider the theme from as many different points of view as possible.  Give your own opinions and explain them.  Add extra points where possible.  If possible, connect the theme to your personal experiences.
  • 19. Speaking reference  Discussing the theme:  Expressing interest in the theme:  This is a very interesting topic because...  This topic is very important because…  In today’s world, the issue of …is very relevant.
  • 20. Speaking reference  Discussing the theme:  Considering different points of view:  On the one hand/on the other hand…  Sometimes, however…  From the point of view of…  If you consider…, you’ll notice that….  Although…is true, we should also consider…
  • 21. Speaking reference  Discussing the theme:  Discussing advantages and disadvantages:  One advantage / disadvantage is that…  On the positive/negative side…  On the one hand…/on the other hand…  It’s also good/bad if… because…  Another important thing (to think about) is…
  • 22. Speaking reference  Discussing the theme:  Giving opinions:  I think/believe that…  It seems to me that…  For me, …  I (definitely) (don’t) think/feel that…  I (completely) disagree with the idea that…  I agree (strongly) that…  I must say that…
  • 23. Speaking reference  Discussing the theme:  Comparing things:  It isn’t…. Enough  It’s (a bit) too…  It is/it isn’t as … as…  The situation is a bit/much more/much less…than…
  • 24. Speaking reference  Discussing the theme:  Using modifiers:  That’s really/totally…  I think that he was quite…  It’s a bit/a little…  That isn’t very…  It isn’t exactly…
  • 25. Speaking reference  Discussing the theme:  Senses:  It feels/tastes/smells good.  That sounds / looks / seems interesting  It smells / feels / tastes like…  It sounds / looks like someone is….
  • 26. Speaking reference  Discussing the theme:  Adding points:  I also think…  Another important thing to remember is…  What’s more, …  But we shouldn’t forget…
  • 27. Speaking reference  Discussing the theme:  Emphasis:  I just don’t know…  They’re such (a)  He’s so…  I’m even…  I can’t even…
  • 28. Speaking reference  Discussing the theme:  Personal experiences:  In my experience,…  I’ve experienced this issue personally…  I have some personal experience with this topic…  I’m particularly interested in this topic because of my own experiences…
  • 29. Speaking reference  Speaking with a partner:  Tips:  Read the task carefully and make sure that you both understand it  Decide on an order for carrying out the task  Take turns in speaking  Ask your partner’s opinion and give him/her time to answer. Do not interrupt.  Listen carefully to your partner’s ideas, but do not be afraid to disagree with them.  Be polite about your partner’s ideas, but do not be afraid to disagree with them.  Make sure that you complete the task.
  • 30. Speaking reference  Speaking with a partner:  Deciding on an order:  So, first of all we need to…  What next?  What about the…?  Don’t we have to…?  We also need to…  So, we’ve decided to…
  • 31. Speaking reference  Speaking with a partner:  Asking for opinions:  What do you think about…?  I think is/it isn’t  And you?  What about you?  Do you agree?  Why do you think that?  What makes you think that?
  • 32. Speaking reference  Speaking with a partner:  Reacting to your partner’s ideas:  I agree with you.  I’d agree with that.  I think you are right.  I think that’s a great idea.  I’m not (so) sure about that.  Maybe, but I also think that…  I totally disagree with you.  Really?  Me too/Me neither  I’m the same/different  That’s interesting/true  That doesn’t make much sense.  That’s crazy!
  • 33. Speaking reference  Speaking with a partner:  Being polite:  I understand your point of view, but have you thought of…?  You are right about that, but what about…?  I don’t entirely agree with you on that point.  You may be right, but have you considered…?
  • 34. Speaking reference  Speaking with a partner:  Tips:  Read the task carefully and make sure that you both understand it  Decide on an order for carrying out the task  Take turns in speaking  Ask your partner’s opinion and give him/her time to answer. Do not interrupt.  Listen carefully to your partner and react to their ideas  Be polite about your partner’s ideas, but do not be afraid to disagree with them  Make sure that you complete the task
  • 35. Speaking reference  Speaking with a partner:  Deciding on an order:  So first of all we need to…  What next?  What about the…?  Don’t we have to …?  We also need to…  So, we’ve decided to…
  • 36. Speaking reference  Speaking with a partner:  Asking for opinions:  What do you think about…?  I think it is/it isn’t…  And you?  What about you?  Do you agree?  Why do you think that?  What makes you think that?
  • 37. Speaking reference  Speaking with a partner:  Reacting to your partner’s ideas:  I agree with you  I’d agree with that  I think you’re right  I think that’s a great idea  I’m not (so) sure about that  Maybe, but I also think that…  I totally disagree with you  Really?  Me too/Me neither  I’m the same/different  That’s interesting/true  That doesn’t make much sense  That’s crazy
  • 38. Speaking reference  Speaking with a partner:  Being polite  I understand your point of view, but have you thought of…?  You are right about that, but what about…?  I don’t entirely agree with you on that point.  You may be right, but have you considered…?
  • 39. Speaking reference  Speaking with a partner:  Invitations and preferences  Would you like to…?  Do you want to…?  How about…?  I’d like/prefer (to)…  I’d rather…  We’ll see
  • 40. Speaking reference  Speaking with a partner:  Making arrangements  Have you got any plans for…?  I was thinking of…?  What are you thinking of….?  What about…?  Sounds Ok/good/great!  Great idea!
  • 41. Speaking reference  Speaking with a partner:  Expressing preferences:  I’d prefer to…  I’d rather (not)…  I’d like to…
  • 42. Speaking reference  Speaking with a partner:  Asking for advice:  Should I …?  Shall I…?  What would you do if…?  What if…?
  • 43. Speaking reference  Speaking with a partner:  Giving suggestions and advice  How/what about (+ -ing)…?  We/you could…  Shall we…?  Let’s…  Have you tried…?  Why don’t we/you…?  If I were you, I’d…  Couldn’t you…?  Why don’t you…’
  • 44. Speaking reference  Speaking with a partner:  Making requests:  Do you mind if…?  Could/Can I/you…?
  • 45. Speaking reference  Speaking with a partner:  Talking about the past:  Have you ever…?  What did you think of…?  I had a good/bad time…
  • 46. Speaking reference  Speaking with a partner:  Possibility and certainty: short answers  It depends  Yes, probably/maybe  I (don’t) think so  I wouldn’t like to say  Maybe I do/have/would  Absolutely!  I doubt it  Yes, certainly/definitely  No way!

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