07+plastics+recycle danone
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07+plastics+recycle danone

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    07+plastics+recycle danone 07+plastics+recycle danone Presentation Transcript

    • Challenges and Opportunities in Plastic Recycle
    • Content
      • Understand Plastic Identification Code
      • Some opportunities and challenge
      • Recycle Plastic Requirement
      • CSR Model
    • PLASTIC IDENTIFICATION CODE
      • Resin Identification Coding System is a set of symbols placed on plastics to identify the polymer type.
      • It was developed by the Society of the Plastics Industry (SPI) in 1988.
      • Primary purpose of the codes is to allow efficient separation of different polymer types for recycling .
      • The symbols used in the code consist of arrows that cycle clockwise to form a rounded triangle and enclosing a number, often with an acronym representing the plastic below the triangle.
      • When the number is omitted, the symbol is known as the universal Recycling Symbol , indicating generic recyclable materials. In this case, other text and labels are used to indicate the material(s) used.
      • The number not indicate how hard the item is to recycle , nor how often the plastic was recycled . It is an arbitrary number and has no other meaning aside from identifying the specific plastic .
      Resin Identification Code Coding System
      • Source:
      • Wikipedia
      • SPI (Society of Plastic Industry), www.plasticindustry.org
    • Beverage bottles; baby milk bottles; electronic casing. Dependent on polymers or combination of polymers Other (often polycarbonate or ABS ) Egg cartons; packing peanuts; disposable cups, plates, trays and cutlery; disposable take-away containers; Versatility, clarity, easily formed Polystyrene (PS) Reusable microwaveable ware; kitchenware; yogurt containers; margarine tubs; microwaveable disposable take-away containers; disposable cups and plates. Strength, toughness, resistance to heat, chemicals, grease and oil, versatile, barrier to moisture. Polypropylene (PP) Frozen food bags; squeezable bottles, e.g. honey, mustard; cling films; flexible container lids. Ease of processing, strength, toughness, flexibility, ease of sealing, barrier to moisture. Low Density Polyethylene (LDPE) Juice bottles; cling films; PVC piping Versatility, clarity, ease of blending, strength, toughness. Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) Water pipes, Hula-Hoop (children's game) rings, Milk, juice and water bottles; the occasional shampoo / toiletry bottle Stiffness, strength, toughness, resistance to moisture, permeability to gas. High Density Polyethylene (HDPE) Soft drink, water and salad dressing bottles; peanut butter and jam jars Clarity, strength, toughness, barrier to gas and moisture. Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET, PETE) Common Packaging Applications Properties Type of plastic polymer Plastic Identification Code
    • Recycle Plastic
    • PET BOTTLE & POLYESTER
      • Most synthetic fibers (approximately 70%) are made from polyester, and the polyester most often used in textiles is polyethylene terephthalate (PET) .
      • The majority of the world’s PET production – about 60% – is used to make fibers for textiles; about 30% is used to make bottles. 
      • It’s estimated that it takes about 104 million barrels of oil for PET production each year – that’s 70 million barrels just to produce the virgin polyester used in fabrics.
      • The reason recycled polyester (often written rPET) is considered a green option in textiles today is twofold, and the argument goes like this:
        • Saving energy (33% to 53% less energy than produce from virgin)
        • Estimate at 54.6% fewer CO2 emissions
        • Keeping bottles and other plastics out of the landfills.
    • Fun Facts About PET
      • First PET bottle was recycled in 1977
      • FACTS about PET:
        • Recycling 1 ton of PET bottles saves 7.4 cubic yards of landfill space
        • It takes 5 recycled two-liter PET bottles to make one square foot of carpet.
        • PET bottles and containers are actually a form of polyester, which is why it is so easy to recycle bottles into T-shirts, sweaters and socks.
        • It takes 35 two-liter recycled PET bottles to make the soft filling inside a sleeping bag, called “fiberfill.”
        • Plastic makes up 8% of our trash by weight, but is 24% of the volume
      • Source:
      • EASTMAN
      • NAPCOR (National Association for PET Container Resources), www.napcor.com/PET/funfacts.html
    • Recycling means ….. What is required for “ Bottle to Bottle”
    • Steps for BTB Super Cleaning Process Baled Bottle Flake Collection/ Sorting GrindingWashing VACUREMA BTB Pellet Flake
    • Involved parties….
      • Collection company
      • Recycler
      • Preform producer
      • Beverage Industry
      • Government – Institutes….
      • Consumer
    • Target for the “BTB” Recycling
      • No differences for the consumer
        • Performance of the bottle
          • Colour, black spots, taste …..
      • No risk for the consumer and the industry
      • No differences for the preform production
      • Economic sense
    • Parameters for end product
      • Physical parameters
          • I V , AA, Colour , pellet, filtration, ....
          • Normally not tasted/approved by the government
      • Chemical Cleaness - Decontamination
          • Normally done only with Challenge and Migration test
          • Depends only on the cleaning effect of the system
    • Required from preform producer
      • IV increase - depending on beverage
        • Normally yes because in the long term “closed loop” can`t work
      • Melt filtration
        • Normally yes, because of black spots request, metal, glas, silicon issue..
      • Pellet
        • Normally yes, otherwise invest for prefrom producer requested
    • Request for Chemical Cleanness
      • Absolute no risk for consumer – no taste change….
      • “ Super cleaning process” has to show the decontamination by a Challenge Test
      • The migration has to be inside the legislation
    • CSR MODEL
    • 1 Februari 1993: AQUA launched PEDULI Program PEDULI = PE ngembangan D aur U lang LI mbah = waste recycling development
    •  
    • AQUA bottles Recycling
      • Recycling PET Study in Bandung, ITB, 2008
      • 600 ml
      • Cups
      • Mizone
      • Key Findings
      • PET, PP: 85-99% recycled
      • Scavengers poor social condition
      • Social Study on 60 scavengers
    • Kind of plastic waste
    • Pellet Plastic in Recycling Industries
    • Empower Scavengers and prepare sustainable RPET sourcing
      • Objective: support innovative social business to
        • Create value on PP caps
        • Empower scavengers (water access, health, education…)
        • Sustain PET flakes Supply (quality, quantity)
      • Plan: revitalize AQUA PEDULI initiative through 4 parties partnerships
        • Waste management bill (Act no 18/2008) - Article #15
      • The producer oblige to manage the packaging of their product and/or their product which are unable or difficult to be decompose. Packaging management means drawing back packaging for the purpose of recycle or reuse
      AQUA SUPPLIER SCAVENGERS COMMUNITIES NGO REMINDER
      • 1 st pilot unit in Bandung (Q4 09)
      • 5 to 10 units in 2010-2011
      • Danone Eco Fund for investment
    • AQUA PEDULI: scavenger cooperative Market, Home industry Consumer AQUA PEDULI Unit SUPPLIER Bottles Flakes rPP finished product NGO Capacity Building SCAVENGERS
    • AQUA PEDULI Unit Model SOCIAL ENTERPRISE PET, PP VALORIZATION SCAVENGERS COOPERATIVE WATER ACCESS EDUCATION & HEALTH CAPITAL ACCESS PET, PP, ?? CAPITAL BENEFIT SOCIAL BENEFIT SAVING ACCOUNT PET Flakes rPP Finished products Administration Market
    • Thank You