Nuclear Deal

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Nuclear Deal

  1. 2. NUKE DEAL- AN INSIGHT PRESENTED BY:- ABHIJIT DHUMAL V.K.GOPU GANESH PAWAR
  2. 3. CONTENTS <ul><li>INTRODUCTION </li></ul><ul><li>TERMINOLOGIES </li></ul><ul><li>WHAT TO KNOW ABOUT </li></ul><ul><li>CURRENT STATUS </li></ul><ul><li>POLITICAL ISSUES </li></ul><ul><li>APPLICATIONS </li></ul><ul><li>ADVANTAGES </li></ul><ul><li>CONCLUSION </li></ul>
  3. 4. WHAT IS
  4. 5. NUCLEAR TECHNOLOGY <ul><li>Discovery - By Henri Becquerel About </li></ul><ul><li>radioactivity </li></ul><ul><li>Nuclear fission - An Atomic Bomb </li></ul><ul><li>Nuclear fusion - A Hydrogen Bomb </li></ul><ul><li>Nuclear Weapons - Isotope Separation </li></ul><ul><li>Nuclear Power - Began In The Early 1950s </li></ul><ul><li>US, UK, And Soviet Union </li></ul>
  5. 7. Nuclear Accidents <ul><li>Three Mile island Incident (1979) </li></ul><ul><li>The Three Mile Island incident, which ironically occurred two weeks after the release of the disaster film The China Syndrome greatly impacted the public's perception of nuclear power. Many human factors engineering improvements were made to American power plants in the wake of Three Mile Island's partial meltdown. </li></ul>
  6. 8. <ul><li>Chernobyl Accident (1986) </li></ul><ul><li>The Chernobyl accident in 1986 further alarmed the public about nuclear power. While design differences between the RBMK reactor used at Chernobyl and most western reactors virtually eliminate the possibility of such an accident occurring outside of the former Soviet Union, it is only recently that the general public in the United States has started to embrace nuclear energy. </li></ul>
  7. 9. WHAT DO YOU KNOW ABOUT <ul><li>Hyde Act </li></ul><ul><li>IAEA </li></ul><ul><li>123 AGREEMENT </li></ul><ul><li>NSG </li></ul>
  8. 10. IAEA <ul><li>Safeguards & Verification </li></ul><ul><li>Safety and Security </li></ul><ul><li>Science & Technology </li></ul>
  9. 11. <ul><li>Promoting Science & Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Technical Cooperation </li></ul><ul><li>Research & Development </li></ul><ul><li>Energy & Electricity </li></ul>
  10. 12. NUCLEAR POWER IN INDIA <ul><li>Operational plants:- Kaiga, Kakrapar , Koodankulam,   Madras , Rajastan  , Tarapur </li></ul><ul><li>Research and testing: - Indira Gandhi Center for Atomic Research (IGCAR)  · Institute for Plasma Research (IPR)  · Manuguru  · Pokhran  · Smiling Buddha  · Pokhran-II  · </li></ul><ul><li>Organizations Atomic Energy Commission :- Atomic Energy Regulatory Board (AERB)  · Department of Atomic Energy  · Nuclear Power Corporation of India Ltd. (NPCIL) </li></ul>
  11. 13. CURRENT STATUS <ul><li>123 Agreement </li></ul><ul><li>Dr. Manmohan Singh:- </li></ul><ul><li>On June 19, 2008:- </li></ul><ul><li>threatened to resign his position. </li></ul><ul><li>After Trust Vote :- </li></ul><ul><li>credit goes to Sonia Gandhi, Jyoti Basu , Herkrishan Singh Surjeet , & M.Karunanidhi. </li></ul>
  12. 14. <ul><li>India submitted the safeguards agreement to the IAEA. </li></ul><ul><li>G8 summit meeting in Toyako where he met with U.S. President Geoge W. Bush. </li></ul><ul><li>G8 Support for the nuclear deal. </li></ul>
  13. 15. POLITICAL ISSUES <ul><li>Pranab Mukherjee’s:- </li></ul><ul><li>“ it is passport of country only then apply for visa to enter another country” now apply for visa. </li></ul><ul><li>Rahul Gandhi:- </li></ul><ul><li>poverty is directly connected with nuke- deal </li></ul>
  14. 16. <ul><li>L K Advani( BJP) :- </li></ul><ul><li>“ we are not against nuclear energy & very close relationship with America, but we would never like India to become party of an agreement” </li></ul><ul><li>Mohammad salim ( CPM):- </li></ul><ul><li>“ We gave a debit card ,but they kept on overdrawing” </li></ul>
  15. 17. SUPPORTING PARTIES <ul><li>Indian National Congress </li></ul><ul><li>Samajwadi party </li></ul><ul><li>Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam </li></ul><ul><li>Rashtriya Janata Dal </li></ul>
  16. 18. OPPOSITION IN INDIA <ul><li>Bharatiya Janata Party </li></ul><ul><li>Left Front </li></ul>
  17. 19. International support <ul><li>United Kingdom, </li></ul><ul><li>France, </li></ul><ul><li>Japan, </li></ul><ul><li>Russia, and </li></ul><ul><li>Germany . </li></ul><ul><li>Australia, China ,and Canada supporting the deal when India asks Nuclear Suppliers Group. </li></ul>
  18. 20. FOOD PROCESSING AND AGRICULTURE <ul><li>Food irradiation is the process of exposing food to ionizing radiation in order to destroy microorganisms, bacteria, viruses, or insects that might be present in the food. </li></ul><ul><li>Food irradiation is currently permitted by over 40 countries and volumes are estimated to exceed 500 000 metric tons annually world wide. </li></ul>
  19. 21. HEALTH HAZARDS <ul><li>Carcinogenesis of thyroid, skin, breast,lungs and salivary glands. </li></ul><ul><li>Radiation dermatitis is also very common amongst the laborers. </li></ul><ul><li>Long-term exposure to radiation also related with chromosomal mutations. </li></ul><ul><li>Foetal abnormalities. </li></ul><ul><li>No method to safely dispose the nuclear waste products. </li></ul><ul><li>Insurance costs </li></ul>
  20. 22. INDIA IS ADMITTED IN TO THE EXCLUSIVE CLUB OF NUCLEAR POWERS . <ul><li>Potentially a member of UN security council . </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. ambassadors such as Robert Blackwill, have requested increased strategic ties with India </li></ul>
  21. 23. HOW INDIA CAN USE THE NUCLEAR DEAL TO ITS ADVANTAGE <ul><li>Capping Nuclear Power Generation </li></ul><ul><li>Keeping The Test Window Open </li></ul><ul><li>Deal Would Add To India’s Credibility </li></ul>
  22. 24. ELECTRICITY IN INDIA <ul><li>The current per capita power consumption is about 612 KWH per year while </li></ul><ul><li>the world average is 2596 KWH </li></ul><ul><li>Thermal Power:- 64.6% of total installed base. </li></ul><ul><li>Hydro Power:- 24.7% of total installed base. </li></ul><ul><li>Nuclear power:- 2.9% of total installed base </li></ul>
  23. 25. Signing nuclear deal will benefit India: Kalam <ul><li>&quot;We need a supply of uranium till our thorium reactors are ready,“ </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;The pact will help us,&quot; . </li></ul><ul><li>India could explore options of hydel, solar, nuclear and biofuels </li></ul>
  24. 26. NUCLEAR DEAL: DON’T HIDE THE HYDE ACT <ul><li>Nuclear power is only option will fulfill the power requirements of country. </li></ul><ul><li>The deal will help India ensure its growing need of electric power. </li></ul><ul><li>Support speedy growth of the economy. </li></ul>
  25. 27. SINGH IS KING

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