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Jatin mapping india

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Transcript

  • 1. Mapping India Jatin Jangid – 5 th A
  • 2. What is atlas?
    • Different types of information can be provided on one single map or one map may give only one type of information.
    • For example , a map of state may show the rivers, lakes, mountains, rainfall or it may show only the different district of the state. A book of map is called an atlas .
  • 3. Different types of map
    • Physical maps show natural features of the earth, such as mountains, plateaus, plains, rivers, oceans etc.
    • Political maps show the boundaries of cities, towns and villages, countries and states of the world.
    • Thematic maps focus on particular information like population, roads, parks etc.
  • 4. Do you know?
    • “ The survey of India ’’ prepares all maps of India.
  • 5. The Uses of Maps.
    • Maps are very useful. But we must to read language of the maps .
    • The language of the map allows map-marker to show a lot of information in a small space
  • 6.
    • One can understand the language of the map if we know the cardinal and intermediately directions, scale, symbols and the colours used on maps. These are the basic components of maps:
    The Uses of Maps.
  • 7.
    • Direction: most maps show an arrow marked with the letter [N] at the upper right hand corner. It means ‘North’ we can find out the other direction East, West and South.
    The Uses of Maps.
  • 8.
    • Scale: The actual distance on ground is shown on a reduced scale. Scale is the ratio between the actual distance on the ground and the distance on the ground and the distance shown on the map.
    • For example, the distance between the actual distance is 200 km s. On a map, 100 km may be shown as 1 cm. Thus, 2 cm = 200 km of actual distance.
    The Uses of Maps.
  • 9.
    • 3) Colurs: Standards colours are used all over the world to show different features of the earth, for example, blue colour is water bodies and green colour is for showing plains. It makes the reading of maps very easy.
    The Uses of Maps.
  • 10.
    • 4) Symbols: Features like buildings, roads, bridges, trees or railway lines are shown by simple drawings to give information in the limited space that is available on a map. We can easily read the map with the help of these symbols.
    The Uses of Maps.
  • 11. Do you know ?
    • Most symbol are Common all over the
    • World. They are known as Conventional Symbols.