News basics
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News basics



Introduction to a newspaper and writing for the news.

Introduction to a newspaper and writing for the news.



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News basics Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Journalism- Unit 4 News Basics P. Denton January, 2010
  • 2. What is news?
    • A report of a current event in a newspaper or on radio, TV, internet, or even word of mouth.
  • 3. Sources of News
    • Newspapers
    • TV
    • Magazines
    • Internet
    • Billboards
    • Radio
    • Letters/Notes
    • Word of Mouth
    • Telephone
    • Texting
    • Email
    • Blogs
    • Books
  • 4. You and the News
    • Where do you get most of your news?
    • What source of news is the most accurate?
    • Which of these is most entertaining?
    • Why do people provide the news?
    • Why are people interested in getting news?
    • Who controls the news?
  • 5. What is in a newspaper? Advertising Editorial Content
  • 6. What is in a newspaper? Advertising Editorial Content
    • Paid
    • Classifieds
    • Display Ads
    • 60% of the paper
    • Ads get put in first!
    • Controlled by the editor
    • Written by reporters
    • 40% of the paper
    • Articles fill up the rest of the paper (News Hole)
  • 7. 3 Different Types of News
    • Hard News
      • World news
      • State news
      • City news
      • Local news
      • Business
      • Events & Issues
      • Weather & Construction
      • Death Notices
      • Facts not opinions
      • Usually in the first section of the paper
    • Soft News
      • Sports
      • Entertainment
      • Food
      • Travel
      • Celebrity Gossip
      • Editorials (opinions)
      • Obituary
    • Features (type of soft)
      • Syndicated
      • Comics
      • Horoscopes
      • Reviews
      • Advice
  • 8. In daily newspapers most hard news stories are written in the Inverted Pyramid style.
  • 9.  
  • 10.
    • Reasons for the Inverted Pyramid:
    • Makes reading easier and faster
    • Enables the hurried reader to get all the important facts in a very short period of time
    • Satisfies curiosity in a logical way
    • Makes page makeup easier
    • Makes the work of the editor easier
  • 11. The first paragraph of a news story contains the most important information. This is called the Summary Lead , because it summarizes the most important facts about the story.
  • 12.
    • Characteristics of a good Summary Lead
    • Briefest possible summary of a story, usually no more than 25 words.
    • Includes only those Ws and H that are important. These usually include the What , Who and sometimes When , and sometimes the So What .
  • 13. What are the Ws and H
    • Who
    • What
    • When
    • Where
    • Why
    • How
  • 14.
    • Characteristics of a good Summary Lead
    • Usually only one paragraph but may be more. It is easier to read two short paragraphs than one long one.
    • Usually starts with the feature of the story, the most important fact.
  • 15.
    • Characteristics of a good Summary Lead
    • Quickly summarizes in the first few words the most important fact of the story.
    • The What is usually the most used feature of a lead, followed closely by the Who . (The Who should be used only when the name itself is clearly the most important fact.)
  • 16. The lead tells the most important part of the story, and the body of the story gives the other facts in decreasing order of importance.