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The Education of Academic Library Deans
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The Education of Academic Library Deans


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Research regarding the educational background of deans of American Research Library member institutions. Study looks at both degree types and subjects.

Research regarding the educational background of deans of American Research Library member institutions. Study looks at both degree types and subjects.

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  • my colleague Annie Downey couldn’t be here today, so I’m presenting the results of the study we performed together. Annie and I are both librarians at the University of North Texas and we’re also both PhD students in UNT’s Higher Education program.
  • The 104 is the number of D and Ds that we have almost complete degree info for. I focused on degrees mostly for this because the data was complicated.
  • Need regression tosee if this actually means anything because more people were hired after 2000.
  • These will not equal to 100 because some have more than one degree or do not have a second degree. The way to look at this is to say “12.5% of the deans and directors hold a degree in american or european history.” No hard sciences with the exception of MD for NIH director.
  • A lot of historians become librarians. Males are more likely to hold doctorates. The MLS is still very much a woman’s degree and that the top librarians in the country are not MLS holders is meaningful.
  • Perhaps talk about what you think the meaning of this is. Harvard and Yale both have programs to help PhDs become librarians w/o the MLS. Berkeley has over 60 bibliographers – they value subject knowledge. LOC is appointed by president – current one in place since 1987 – typically a scholar rather than a librarian. Does it mean anything that these institutions do not seem to value librarians as deans?
  • Transcript

    • 1. THE EDUCATIONALBACKGROUNDOF ACADEMICLIBRARY DEANS Starr Hoffman Annie Downey University of North Texas QQML, May 28, 2010 Chania, Crete, Greece
    • 2. ABSTRACT This study uses quantitative methods to study the degrees and majors of all 123 academic library deans at Association of Research Libraries (ARL) institutions. This study shows trends in hiring deans as well as commonalities among those interested in administrative library positions.
    • 3. METHODOLOGY sample size = 104 ARL* library deans  started with the 123 library deans currently listed in ARL directory  listwise deletion of cases for those missing specific data  most of these were only missing a small amount of information, such as the subjects of degrees or dates they were earned chose ARL deans because:  well-defined group  small size = easy to gather information on majority of deans  may serve as a model for other libraries* Association of Research Libraries
    • 4. METHODOLOGY document analysis:  library websites  staff directories  dean welcome pages  dean bios  university academic catalogs  faculty directories  faculty profiles  CVs  press releases  library newsletters  publications  ARL minutes, news, etc. solicited any missing information by email
    • 5. METHODOLOGY information gathered includes:  presence or absence of a library science degree  presence or absence of a doctoral degree  other degrees earned  length of time in current dean position (year hired)  specific title of their position  major subjects of study  Carnegie classification of institution at which the degrees were earned
    • 6. THE DATA
    • 7. RESEARCH QUESTIONS Are newer deans:  more likely to possess a doctorate?  more likely to possess an advanced degree in addition to the masters in library science? What percentage of deans have a masters in library science? Are deans with PhDs more or less likely to also possess a masters in library science? How many deans’ PhDs are in library science?
    • 8. DESCRIPTIVE STATISTICS total ARL Deans / Directors  56 male  69 female current study includes 104  45 male  59 female 71% hired for current position after 2000 68% of doctorate holders were hired after 2000 only 24% have doctoral degrees
    • 9. DEANS AND DIRECTORS HIRE DATES Year Hired for Current Position 7% 35% 22% 1980-89 1990-99 2000-05 2006-10 36%
    • 10. MLS ONLY 35.6% have MLS with no additional advanced degree MLS only (by year of hire) 72.9% of MLS-only 2.70% holders were hired since 2000 1980-89 24.30% 43.20% 1990-99 2000-05 2006-10 29.70%
    • 11. ADVANCED DEGREES HELD90.00%80.00%70.00%60.00%50.00% w/o MLS 81.70%40.00% w/ MLS30.00% 5.80%20.00% 38.50% 14.40%10.00% 3.80%* 0.00% Doctorate MLS MLS + 2nd* possession of MLS unknown Masters
    • 12. ADVANCED DEGREE SUBJECTS(OTHER THAN THE MLS) 12.5% American or European History 7.7% MBA 6.7% Education 3.8% Public Administration 2.9%  English  Latin American Studies 1.9%  Music  Economics  Computer Science  Art History Less than 1%  Agriculture, French, Middle Eastern Studies, Asian Languages, Theology, Anthropology, Government, Liberal Studies
    • 13. DOCTORATE HOLDERS 25 total  1 MD  1 DPA  23 PhD or EdD  9 History  6 Education  3 Library Science  3 Unspecified  1 Economics 56% male 45% female all doctorate holders without MLS = male
    • 14. INSTITUTIONS WITH DEANS OR DIRECTORSWITHOUT MLS UC Berkeley Harvard Yale University of Michigan Library of Congress National Institute of Health
    • 15. FURTHER RESEARCH Regression analyses should be used to determine if there have been any changes in degrees of deans and directors hired in the last 40 years. Further analysis needs to be done regarding the relationship between the degrees of the deans and directors and their other work experiences.  Many of these librarians completed their degrees in the 60s and 70s – it may be helpful to see what other experiences contributed to their success. A comparison of the ARL deans with other types of institutions would present a more comprehensive picture.
    • 16. FURTHER RESEARCH None of the ARL Library deans and directors earned advanced degrees in the hard sciences. Do advanced studies in some subject areas provide better preparation than others? Is there a relationship between advanced study subject area and type of institution?
    • 17. ANY QUESTIONS?  Starr Hoffman, MLS, MA  Librarian for Digital Collections  Government Documents Department  UNT Libraries  PhD Student, Higher Education, UNT   find my presentations&CV here:   Annie Downey, MLS  Instruction Unit Manager  Research & Instruction Services  UNT Libraries  PhD Student, Higher Education, UNT 