Using Second Life to Teach the Application of a Home Assessment
Kansas City, MO vs KC, KSPopulation in kc, mo is aproximately 450,000 and in the greater KC area around 2 M City SkylineWWI War Memorial – largest collection of WWI artifacts in the United StatesFountain in the Plaza shopping area – KC is next to Rome in the number of fountainsChiefs football stadiumRoyals baseball stadiumCity sceneNelson Adkins Museum – world renown museum with an extensive collection of Chinese art
Located in Lawrence, KS which is 40 miles from KU Medical CenterThe town has approximately 90,000 people
The Medical Center campus includes KU Hospital which has approximately 550 beds with a first class heart institute. Also located on the campus is the School of Allied Health with 581 students, the School of Medicine with 1,762 students and the School of Nursing with 722 students.
87.5 (n=28) enjoyed the virtual learning environment93.8% (n=30) found the virtual environment was not a distraction to learning21.9% (n=7) reported feeling dizzy90% (n=29) agreed they could apply learning to actual home assessment43.8% (n=14) thought they would like to use Second Life in another class
USING SECOND LIFE TO TEACH THE APPLICATION OF A HOME ASSESSMENT University of Kansas Medical CenterSchool of Allied Health May 2010
School of Allied Health Certificate and Undergraduate Graduate Certificate Diagnostic Cardiac Sonography Nuclear Medicine General Ultrasound and Vascular Undergraduate Clinical Laboratory Sciences Cytotechnology Health Information Management Respiratory Care Audiology Dietetics and Nutrition Molecular Biotechnology Nurse Anesthesia Occupational Therapy Physical Therapy Speech Language Pathology
Teaching in an E-Learning Age 10 staff with computer and educational technology background Assist faculty in on-line course development using Angel Teach new technology – web conferencing, podcasting, student response system Assist departments in faculty/course surveys and provide data results Instructional Design of Courses with Quality Matters certified
3-D virtual world environment developed in 2003 Characters are called avatars and interact with millions of other users around the world Used as grounds for research and education (Mason, 2007; Martinez, Martinez & Warkentin, 2007; Polvinen, 2007; Schmidt, Kinzer & Greenbaum, 2007) What is Second Life?
KUMC in Second Life In 2007 SAH and SON bought an island to secure our projects and provide a virtually safe environment for our students. Provide a mechanism to teach procedures before a student tries it on a real person. Provide cheap virtual objects to simulate real-world type experiences.
First Look at KUMC Isle SLurl: http://maps.secondlife.com/secondlife/KUMC%20Isle/128/128/23
Physical Therapy and Occupational Therapy departments were looking for an interdisciplinary assignment to give students practice working together. Home assessment is costly, it is difficult to develop a standardized system – considering the house, the type of patient and the type of disabilities. Difficult to demonstrate the modifications for a specific home and client including the unintended consequences of changes. PT/OT Interest in Second Life
PT/OT Interest in Second Life No need for expensive field trips Ability to build the student’s suggested modifications Reinforced a patient-centered approach
63 yr. old female – insulin dependent diabetes mellitus, Type II Diabetic complications – peripheral neuropathy, retinopathy, nephropathy requiring 3x/wk peritoneal dialysis Lives alone in a townhouse and is retired with early disability Case Study
Demonstration of the Second Life Home Assessment and Modification
What are the experiences and perceptions of OT and PT students using Second Life to learn and apply clinical skills in home evaluation and modification? Research Question
Recruited 36 1st year PT students and 29 2nd year OT students at the University of Kansas Medical Center Each student created their own avatar, participated in groups of 3 OT’s and 3 PT’s. Each group worked together in Second Life to communicate and develop their home modification plan. Methods
20 Questions Likert type 5-point scale from strongly disagree to strongly agree Questions: Prior Technology Experience/Knowledge Barriers to Learning with Second Life Perceived Benefits of SecondLife Home Assessment Interest in using Second Life in Future Classes Methods: Survey
Majority had not previously used Second Life A few had problems – found the environment unrealistic Vast majority found it helpful to learn about home assessment Beneficial in showing the effects of the environment on function Many agreed that they would like other virtual experiences in their education Results of the Survey
Future Uses of Second Life Home Assessment & Modification Provide access for other PT and OT programs. Provide access to the KU School of Architectural Design for further development and use as a consumer tool.
Other Second Life Projects Nurse Anesthesia – Operating Room
Other Second Life Projects Nursing Informatics – Jayhawk Community Living Center
Other Second Life Projects Dietetics & Nutrition – Weight Management
Special Thanks Occupational Therapy Department Dory Sabata, OTD, OTR/L, SCEM Physical Therapy Department Carla Sabus, PT, PhD Teaching & Learning Technologies Tennille Fincham, BA David Antonacci, PhD(c)