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Beginningof coldwar

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  • 1. The Cold War [1945-1991]: An Ideological Struggle Soviet & Eastern Bloc Nations [“Iron Curtain”] US & the Western Democracies GOAL  spread world-wide Communism GOAL  “Containment” of Communism & the eventual collapse of the Communist world. [ George Kennan ]
    • METHODOLOGIES:
    • Espionage [KGB vs. CIA]
    • Arms Race [nuclear escalation]
    • Ideological Competition for the minds and hearts of Third World peoples [Communist govt. & command economy vs. democratic govt. & capitalist economy]  “proxy wars”
    • Bi-Polarization of Europe [NATO vs. Warsaw Pact]
  • 2. The Division of Berlin
  • 3. The Bipolarization of Europe
  • 4. George Kennan [“X Article”]: CONTAINMENT Goals Means Actual Application
    • Restoration of the balance of power
    • Reduction of Soviet ability to project outside power.
    Encouragement of self-confidence in nations threatened by Soviet expansion. Exploitation of tensions in international communism. Long-term program of U.S. economic assistance [Marshall Plan] Cooperation with communist regimes; [supporting Titoism in Yugoslavia]
  • 5.
    • Modification of the Soviet concept of international relations.
    Negotiating settlement of outstanding differences. Using “carrots & sticks’; containing Germany with an embrace and Russia at arms length. George Kennan [“X Article”]: CONTAINMENT Goals Means Actual Application
  • 6. National Defense Budget [1940-1964]
  • 7. Korean War [1950-1953]
  • 8. Korean War [1950-1953] Syngman Rhee Kim Il-Sung “ Domino Theory”
  • 9. The Shifting Map of Korea [1950-1953]