Digital Storytelling Handout (4th FL FORUM)


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An attempt at defining the why, the what and the how of Digital Storytelling in education

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Digital Storytelling Handout (4th FL FORUM)

  1. 1. Digital Storytelling, G. Drivas, Ch. Sotiriou 4th FL Forum - March 2014 An attempt at examining the What, the Why and the How of using Digital Stories in EFL Education. Slide 1 DIGITAL STORYTELLING IN 10 EASY STEPS Digital Storytelling is the modern version of the age-old art of storytelling George Drivas - Chryssanthe Sotiriou Storytelling is also an ancient form of teaching. Slide 2 From oral storytelling to CNN and the Internet… Storytelling, no matter in what form or media, is a powerful method to communicate knowledge, culture, perspectives and points of view. Before reading and writing, oral storytelling was the only means wisdom and knowledge were communicated. Slide 3 Nowadays, technology provides us with new possibilities to exploit this ancient teaching method We use storytelling in order to teach others about our knowledge, culture and beliefs. Digital storytelling gives us the ability to reach and disseminate our stories further than ever before. We tell stories to organize experience into a meaningful whole that can be shared with others. Digital Storytelling gives students confidence while it develops fundamental intellectual skills. Sponsored by
  2. 2. Digital Storytelling, G. Drivas, Ch. Sotiriou 4th FL Forum - March 2014 What Is Digital Storytelling? Telling a story by bringing together some Slide 4 mixture of digital graphics, text, recorded audio narration, video and music to present Many different definitions of Digital Storytelling exist information on a specific topic Common core: the art of telling stories with a variety of digital media, such as audio, and video. Similarities with traditional storytelling: a chosen theme and a particular viewpoint. Differences from traditional storytelling: just a few minutes long and have a variety of uses and methods of broadcast. Slide 5 Stories that have been passed down through generations, allow voices from the past to interact with voices from the present. Slide 6 The Virus Rehashing and remaking old stories by adding new twists and perspectives allow for multiple interpretations of storylines. Digital Storytelling is a tool that can support teaching and learning in any subject area. Sponsored by
  3. 3. Digital Storytelling, G. Drivas, Ch. Sotiriou Artifacts #1: Knowledge Write Slide 7 Visualize Create Communicate 4th FL Forum - March 2014 Our experiences, our knowledge and our thinking are quite often organized in story form. Knowledge: Write, Revise, Visualize, Create, Locate, Communicate, Extend Artifacts #2: Competences Take Risks Slide 8 Collaborate Manage A competency is a set of defined behaviors when tackling a Learning task. Prioritize Artifacts #3: Skills Communicate in new ways Slide 9 Use real world tools Digital Stories create a conduit between teaching and integrating technology. Create personal meaning ICT tools allow us to connect, communicate and collaborate easily with others around the world. 1. We connect emotionally with people and events in stories and we relate them to experiences in our own lives. 2. Stories let us communicate our perspective and perception as well as our understanding of the world around us. 3. Stories are usually a collaborative effort tales, characters, their actions and points of view The Seven Elements of Digital Storytelling (adapted from http://digitalstorytelling.coe.uh.e du/page.cfm?id=27&cid=27) Slide 10 The Protection Sponsored by
  4. 4. Digital Storytelling, G. Drivas, Ch. Sotiriou 4th FL Forum - March 2014 Center for Digital Storytelling’s Seven Elements of Digital Storytelling 1. Point of view What is the main point of the story and what is the perspective of the author? 2. A dramatic question A key question that keeps the viewer’s attention and will be answered by the end of the story. 3. Emotional content Serious issues that come alive in a personal and powerful way and connects the story to the audience. 4. The gift of your voice A way to personalize the story to help the audience understand the context. 5. The power of the soundtrack Music or other sounds that support and embellish the storyline. 6. Economy Using just enough content to tell the story without overloading the viewer. 7. Pacing The rhythm of the story and how slowly or quickly it progresses. Inside Your Story The perspective: Identity, Culture, Emotions, Opinions, Facts, Experiences, Meaning Identity Slide 11 Emotions Opinions    Experiences  Lessons Learned Expectations Slide 12 Meaning Impact Understanding Connection Told in first person Using own voice to narrate the tale You share who you are, what you felt, and what the event or situation means to you The story is shared through the heart NOT the head. Key words: Expectations, Meaning, Impact, Understanding, Connection    Each story expresses a personal meaning or insight. Each story has a point to make. Each story engages and involves the listener Developing Craftsmanship Slide 13 Think communication not decoration A good Digital Story incorporates technology in meaningful ways, not for the sake of technology. It demonstrates expertise in sharing and creating meaning with images, sound, voice, color, and special effects All digital elements are selected to enhance the meaning of the tale rather than provide an interesting package that distracts from what is being presented. Good craftsmanship combines media elements creatively to convey significant meaning rather than decoration of the story. Sponsored by
  5. 5. Digital Storytelling, G. Drivas, Ch. Sotiriou 4th FL Forum - March 2014 Creative Tension Intrigue Slide 14 Twist Surprise Resolve Whenever we are told a story we enjoy a surprise turn-of-events as long as the storyline is coherent. The tension of an unresolved or curious situation engages and holds the viewer until the story reaches a memorable ending. Pacing is an invisible part of sustaining story tension. It uses starts, stops and pauses letting us wonder what will happen next and how will it be resolved. Economizing Clear goal Slide 15 Minimum steps Effective tools One point to make Length: 3-5 minutes Script: no more than one (1) page No of Words: Maximum five hundred (500) words. Showing, Not Telling context Slide 16 information emotions     Show context, Create setting, Provide information, Create emotions Both images and sound, not just words, are used to provide vivid details, to reveal feelings, to offer information Both words and media are needed to reveal details rather than simply naming or stating what already exists or the viewer knows about. Sponsored by
  6. 6. Digital Storytelling, G. Drivas, Ch. Sotiriou 4th FL Forum - March 2014 Slide 17 The Cure 1: What do you want to share? Memorial stories Slide 18 Travel stories Accomplishment stories     Think small. Focus. Tell a personal tale. Reveal a small truth. Discovery stories. Character stories center on a person who's touched you in a deep way. Memorial stories center o a person who left a lasting impression. Travel stories — stories about a personal journey or passage Accomplishment stories about achieving a goal, The story about a place in your life. The story about what I do. People find value in their work, hobbies, or social commitments Recovery stories. Sharing the experience challenge, or personal obstacle Love stories. Discovery stories. Stories about how we uncovered a truth or learned how to do something. 2: What do I need? Memories. photos, Slide 19 film, flyers Start collecting memories. The most powerful materials are often discovered during a search in forgotten files or boxes. Use what you have! Start gathering anything that holds emotional value: photos, video, flyers, etc. Don't think you have to create a story from scratch. You can always add to it if needed. Older materials usually carry more of an emotional impact than new custom made materials. Sponsored by
  7. 7. Digital Storytelling, G. Drivas, Ch. Sotiriou 4th FL Forum - March 2014 3: What is your story? Write your script Slide 20 Be concise. Be real. Be original. The story must be told from your point of view. Get feedback. • • • • • • • Get the main elements of your story down on paper. See how much you can convey with a few words and some key images. You need to reach an emotional depth. All stories have a structure: a beginning, middle and end. The rhythm and tempo of a story is what maintains the audience interest. All storytellers have their own characteristic style of storytelling. Find yours. Read your script to a friend and ask for comments, observe their reactions. 4: What hardware do I need? A tablet or laptop. Software Slide 21 A scanner A recorder You may need certain pieces of equipment depending on your goal. A microphone Headphones A desktop computer or laptop. Video software. A scanner, if you want to include traditional photos in your story. A recording device: for video, for audio, a portable digital recorder. A handheld microphone for interviews. Headphones. 5: How do I plan my story Use a storyboard. Slide 22 Use index cards Professional movie makers use storyboards to plan out the sequences of events that they would like to tell. 15 images & 2’ of video. 6’’ on each image This is where you'll place your visual materials and your narrative. Sponsored by
  8. 8. Digital Storytelling, G. Drivas, Ch. Sotiriou      4th FL Forum - March 2014 Arrange your visuals in sequence. Use an index card beneath each visual to write a comment about the picture. You do not need to write the full narrative yet. Make certain that the segments (image and narrative) are equally proportioned to each other. Do not rush through segments. Give them time to make an impact. You may want to look for examples of digital stories at video sharing sites. i.e., YouTube. Look for different styles and approaches. Which one suits your style or your goal best? 6: How do I use images? Scan in the same format Save into a single folder Slide 23 Crop accordingly Use actual size Prepare your material as best as you can. Time spent now is time saved later. Use proper dimensions. Prepare your images in a format that is compatible with your software. Pay attention to size and resolution. Practice with cropping images for maximum effect. Avoid distorting the pictures or video because they may look strange in the final product. Save the original files separately to avoid any accidents. 7: How do I record the narration Speak slowly Slide 24 Your laptop, tablet or phone is probably good enough for recording your narration. Use a conversational voice Practice before recording Present live Speak slowly and clearly in a conversational voice. Don't read from a script. 8: What music do I use? Consider • rhythm Slide 25 Most of us have our favourite music running in our heads. • pace • instrumental pieces • snippets of shows • copyright Choose the one that reflects the mood of the story you want to convey. Pay special attention to copyright, especially if you want to publish your work on the web. It makes no difference that you are not making money out of your story. Consult your source for copyright restrictions on a particular audio or video file. Sponsored by
  9. 9. Digital Storytelling, G. Drivas, Ch. Sotiriou 4th FL Forum - March 2014 9: When is my story ready? Slide 26        Folder Storyboard Software Timeline Transitions Visuals Narration Music         Make sure you have all the elements of your story in the right place and the right format. This means images, video, audio, and music file. Check the format and check that they are copies: the originals are safely away. Next, import all your material into your software. This is your first draft. It gives you an overview of your project. Next, add text (opening and closing titles, comments, descriptions) as planned. Use a font that's easy to read in a colour that contrasts well with the background. Add transitions the narrative and music making certain that they are synchronized. 10: How do I Share my Story? • SlideShare • Dropbox Slide 27 • You Tube • Facebook There are a number of public sites that you may want to use to share your story. • Pinterest • E-mail 10: What content? Slide 28 Sponsored by
  10. 10. Digital Storytelling, G. Drivas, Ch. Sotiriou Slide 29 The Side-effects 4th FL Forum - March 2014 Why?  Encourages research  Fosters critical thinking skills  Encourages students become better writers.  Gives students a voice.  Tells a personal narrative.  Helps students retain knowledge longer.  Enhances learning by encouraging effective communication.  Encourages creativity. “Below are brief definition excerpts from Chapter 4 — "Storying Around for 21st Century Skills" — of DigiTales: the Art of Telling Digital Stories. The following skills have been identified and crossst referenced with National Standards, NETS-S, and 21 Century Skills. Educational Implications practice Slide 30 real-world digital communication 1. Cognitive Apprenticeship — practicing real-world work of digital communication Educational Implications Slide 31 create multi-sensory experiences for others 2. Creativity and Inventive Thinking — creating multi-sensory experiences for others Sponsored by
  11. 11. Digital Storytelling, G. Drivas, Ch. Sotiriou 4th FL Forum - March 2014 Educational Implications add personal Slide 32 meaning and understanding to 3. Higher Order Thinking Skills— going beyond existing information to add personal meaning and understanding information Educational Implications tell a story to Slide 33 deepen own understanding 4. Enduring Understanding — by telling the story of what you know and understand for others, authors deepen their own selfmeaning of the topic Educational Implications use images to show, Slide 34 the narrative & enhance implied 5. Visual Literacy — using images to show, not tell, the narrative story meaning Educational Implications master skill of applying Slide 35 technology to create powerful 6. Technical Literacy — mastering the craftsmanship of applying the technology to create powerful communication communication Sponsored by
  12. 12. Digital Storytelling, G. Drivas, Ch. Sotiriou 4th FL Forum - March 2014 Educational Implications think, read, write, Slide 36 and design effective media information 7. Information Literacy — thinking, reading, writing, and designing effective media information Educational Implications read and write Slide 37 information beyond words Educational Implications address the Slide 38 opportunity to use the preferred mode of learning 8. Effective Communication — reading and writing information beyond words 9. Multiple Intelligences and Learning Styles — addressing not only the opportunity for students to use their preferred mode of learning and thinking, but also enabling them to practice the effective use of all modalities Educational Implications Slide 39 practice skills through opportunities to produce group projects 10. Teaming and Collaboration — growing skills through practiced opportunities to co-produce group projects Sponsored by
  13. 13. Digital Storytelling, G. Drivas, Ch. Sotiriou 4th FL Forum - March 2014 Educational Implications practice time Slide 40 management of complex tasks to meet deadlines 11. Project Management Mentality —practice time management of complex, involved tasks to successfully meet deadlines modeling real-world tasks Educational Implications create meaningful, Slide 41 engagement and discover successful 12. Exploring Affinity —when students create meaningful, engaged work, they discover themselves as successful learners. learning Educational Implications Research Skills Writing Skills Interview Skills Organization Skills Problem-Solving Skills Technology Skills Slide 42 Presentation Skills Assessment Skills When students participate in the multiple steps of designing, creating and presenting their own digital stories, they increase a full complement of literacy skills • Research Skills: Documenting the story, finding and analyzing pertinent information; • Writing Skills: Formulating a point of view and developing a script; • Organization Skills: Managing the scope of the project, the materials used and the time it takes to complete the task; • Technology Skills: learning to use a variety of tools, such as digital cameras, scanners, microphones and multimedia authoring software; • Presentation Skills: Deciding how to best present the story to an audience; • Interview Skills: Finding sources to interview and determining questions to ask; • Interpersonal Skills: Working within a group and determining individual roles for group members; • Problem-Solving Skills: Learning to make decisions and overcome obstacles at all stages of the project, from inception to completion; and • Assessment Skills: Gaining expertise critiquing their own and others’ work. Sponsored by
  14. 14. Digital Storytelling, G. Drivas, Ch. Sotiriou 4th FL Forum - March 2014 DIGITAL STORYTELLING IN 10 EASY STEPS George Drivas - Chryssanthe Sotiriou Slide 43-44 For additional information:    References: • Robin, Bernard R., The Educational Uses of Digital Storytelling, Curriculum and Instruction, • • • • • • University of Houston, USA, from Robin, Bernard R., & McNeil, Sara G., What Educators Should Know about Teaching Digital Storytelling, Digital Education Review - Number 22, December 2012- Lasica, J.D., Digital Storytelling: A Tutorial in 10 Easy Steps, October 2, 2006, from Gregori Signes, Carmen, PRACTICAL USES OF DIGITAL STORYTELLING, Universitat de València, València, Spain, from Take Six: Elements of a Good Digital Story, Adapted from The Center for Digital Storytelling Cookbook, from Lambert, Joe, DIGITAL STORYTELLING COOKBOOK , 2010, Joe Lambert, Digital Diner Press, ISBN: 978-0-9726440-1-3 Sponsored by