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The Leadership Behind Jeffrey Sachs

The Leadership Behind Jeffrey Sachs



Presentation for Foundations of Leadership course Fall 2010

Presentation for Foundations of Leadership course Fall 2010



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    The Leadership Behind Jeffrey Sachs The Leadership Behind Jeffrey Sachs Presentation Transcript

    • Jeffrey Sachs
      The Leadership Behind Eliminating Global Poverty
    • Background Information
      Born Nov. 5, 1954: Detroit, MI
      1976: Harvard College graduate
      1980: joined Harvard faculty
      2000-2001: Chairman of the Commission on Macroeconomics and Health of the World Health Organization
      Since 2002: Columbia University professor
      Current Director of the Earth Institute at Columbia
    • Award-winning Author
      Author of hundreds of academic articles and several books
      New York Times bestsellers
      The End of Poverty: Economic Possibilities for Our Time
      Common Wealth: Economics for a Crowded Planet
      Contributes to Financial Times, Scientific American, Time Magazine, and The Huffington Post
    • Notable Recognition
      2004, 2005- Time Magazine’s “100 Most Influential People in the World”
      One of the “500 Most Influential People in the Field of Foreign Policy” –World Affairs Councils of America
      Known for work on poverty alleviation, economic development, environmental sustainability
    • International Leader
      2002-2006: Director of the United Nations Millennium Project
      2002-2006: Special Advisor to UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan on the Millennium Development Goals (MDG)
      President and Co-Founder of Millennium Promise Alliance
      Current Special Advisor to UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon & leading advocate for MDG’s
    • Millennium Project & MDG’s
      Millennium Project carried out by 10 thematic Task Forces comprised of 250 experts from around the world
      Recommendations adopted by UN World Summit in 2005
      Millennium Development Goals: developed an action plan of eight objectives to achieve international goals to reduce poverty, hunger, and disease by 2015
      Represent human needs and basic rights to freedom from extreme poverty and hunger
    • Millennium Villages Project
      Dedicated to ending extreme poverty in various parts of sub-Saharan Africa through targeted agricultural, medical, and educational interventions
    • What is poverty?
      3 classifications
      Extreme- survival at risk on daily basis
      Moderate- survival on a monthly basis
      Relative- culture-based proportion
      1/6 of the world (1.3 billion) lives in extreme poverty on less than $1 a day
      2.7 billion survive on less than $2 a day
      925 million people undernourished worldwide
    • Factors of Poverty
      Government corruption
      Legal and social disparities based on gender, ethnicity, or caste
      Diseases such as AIDS and malaria
      Lack of infrastructure (including transportation, health, trade, and communications)
      Unstable political landscapes
      Geographic barriers
    • Goal 1: Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger
      TARGET 1.A Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people whose income is less than $1 a day
      TARGET 1.B Achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all, including women and young people
      TARGET 1.C Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people who suffer from hunger
    • Current Status of MDG’s
      Setbacks due to economic downturn, food and energy crises
      The developing world remains on track to achieve poverty reduction target by 2015
      Overall poverty rate expected to fall to 15% by 2015
      = 920 million people living under international poverty line
      Sharpest reductions in poverty in Eastern Asia
      All developing regions except sub-Saharan Africa, Western Asia, and parts of Eastern Europe and Central Asia are expected to achieve the MDG target
    • Solutions to Poverty
      Debt cancellation for the world’s poorest countries
      Developed world donate 0.7% of country’s GNP
      Produce more food to meet world demand and make sure impoverished have access to it
      Establish a fund to help world’s poorest farmers
      Creation of a global food bank
      Raising aid from $65 billion in 2002 to $195 billion a year by 2015
    • How does this problem relate to leadership?
    • An Effective Leader
      Motivation- purpose behind what he is doing, want and need to accomplish change
      Vision- articulated clear goals and offer means to achieve them
      Public values- respect life, liberty, justice, equality
      Recognize factors behind change- external & internal
      Power- understand relationship among actors & communicates effectively
      Traits- demonstrates qualities that make him influential
    • Motivation
      Set high, yet realistic expectations
      Inspire others to take action
      Driven, focused on objective
    • Vision
      Defined common purpose- philanthropic motives
      Goal: Reducing "extreme poverty"
      Vision: Confront global poverty and eliminate it once and for all
    • Public Values
      Promotes the common good
      Assist disempowered people
      Question the status quo
    • Importance of Change
      Intends for real change to occur
      Calling for coordinated response
      Keen reasoning
    • Power
      Wants insight from other world leaders
      Demonstrates ethical, moral leadership
      Collaborates with others
    • Traits
    • Legacy
      Potential to be a transformative leader
      True humanitarian
      Significant impact on our generation and future
      Catalyst for unprecedented change- ongoing process
    • "The coming decade brings opportunities to cut world poverty by half. Billions more people could enjoy the fruits of the global economy. Tens of millions of lives can be saved. The practical solutions exist; all that is needed is action.”-Jeffrey Sachs