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Mike Perez<br />Cole Underwood Sarah Torp  <br />Chapters 2 & 3<br />
Chapter 2-The Political Legal and Technological EnvironmentSummary <br />Individualism<br />-People should be free to purs...
Socialism<br />-There is government ownership but profit is not the ultimate goal<br />-Based on the philosophies of Karl ...
>The political system or system of government in a country greatly influences how it manages and conducts business.<br /> ...
> International Law can mostly be summed up by a few basic broad principles.  <br />> The International law examples demon...
<ul><li>Advancements in technology:
increase the quality of products
aid in information gathering
improve research and development
International connections and interdependence due to technological advancements is referred to as "flattening the world"
Internet and cell phones are the most significant technological advances that provide people with instant communication an...
Satellites will enable people in very remote areas to communicate and receive information with their phones
Automatic translation telephones
Artificial intelligence and embedded learning technology will allow machines to "think" like humans
Advances in biotechnology, e-business, and telecommunications create a shift toward high-tech, knowledge-based economies 
MNCs may take advantage of these and prosper
Advances in technology have already eliminated middle management and white- and blue-collar jobs
 outsourcing and offshoring to lower costs
What are the costs and benefits of technological advancements that impact international management?</li></li></ul><li>Adva...
salaries are reduced because workers' skills are not in demand & have been replaced by machines
job loss is especially devastating in developing countries</li></ul>Benefits<br /><ul><li>allows for more opportunities to...
cost of doing business globally declines
 productivity will increase
prices will eventually decrease</li></li></ul><li>Chapter 2 Questions<br />
Question #1 <br />The government system greatly impacts how a country does business. As political polocies continue to cha...
Question #2<br /><ul><li>Most positive effects of technological advancements and telecommunications should be seen in deve...
Digitization, higher-speed telecommunication, and advancements in biotechnology give developing countries the opportunity ...
Are there any negative effects?</li></li></ul><li>Question #2<br /><ul><li>Examples:
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Meeting 3 team b

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Transcript of "Meeting 3 team b"

  1. 1. Mike Perez<br />Cole Underwood Sarah Torp  <br />Chapters 2 & 3<br />
  2. 2. Chapter 2-The Political Legal and Technological EnvironmentSummary <br />Individualism<br />-People should be free to pursue economic and political endeavors without constraints  - Synonym with capitalism and is connected to a free market society  -Encourage diversity or competition, combined with private ownership will stimulate productivity  -Following the status quo will stunt progress but competing with increase creativity and progress   -David Hume, Adam Smith and Aristotle are supporters of this philosophy-Research shows that team performance is negatively influenced by those who consider themselves individualistic but competition stimulates motivation and encourages efforts to achieve goals  <br />   Collectivism<br />- Views the needs or goals of society at large as more important than individual desires.<br />-Plato believed that individual rights should be sacrificed and property should be community owned.<br />- Emerged in Germany and Italy as “national socialism” or fascism<br />-Authoritarian ideology that considers the individual inferior to the needs of the state and seeks to forge a type of national unity based on religion, cultural, race or ethnicity<br />
  3. 3. Socialism<br />-There is government ownership but profit is not the ultimate goal<br />-Based on the philosophies of Karl Marx, Friedrich Engles, and Vladimir IIyich Lenin<br />-Classless society when everything was essentially communal<br />-Broken down into two extremes: Communist & Social Democracy<br />-Communist: Limited individual freedom, everything is government regulated. Former countries under communist control include Soviet Union, Nicaragua, Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam.<br />-Although many countries are no longer under communist rule, China is still communist to this day<br />-Social Democracy: Achieved it's goal through a non violent movement<br />-Australia, France, Germany, Great Britain, Norway, Spain and Sweden are examples<br />- Problems: businesses that were nationalized were inefficient due to the guarantee of funding and the monopolistic structure. Citizens noticed an increase in taxes and prices<br /> <br />
  4. 4. >The political system or system of government in a country greatly influences how it manages and conducts business.<br />    - Legal and regulatory environments can be extremely confusing.<br />    - In result, slower time to market and greater costs occur.<br />    - MNCs must take time to evaluate legal framework of every different market.<br />> There are four foundations on which laws are based<br />    - Islamic Law<br />    - Socialist Law<br />    - Common Law<br />    - Civil or Code Law<br />> MNCs must understand that there are certain rules that one must follow when interacting with another MCN. These are called International Law.<br /> <br />
  5. 5. > International Law can mostly be summed up by a few basic broad principles.  <br />> The International law examples demonstrate the framework of operation for MNCs, but there are also many specific laws that impact businesses as well. <br />    - Foreign Corrupt Practices Act is a major example that is easily seen from American history. <br />    - Other examples include; Bureaucratization and privatization<br />      <br />
  6. 6. <ul><li>Advancements in technology:
  7. 7. increase the quality of products
  8. 8. aid in information gathering
  9. 9. improve research and development
  10. 10. International connections and interdependence due to technological advancements is referred to as "flattening the world"
  11. 11. Internet and cell phones are the most significant technological advances that provide people with instant communication and information</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Technology is constantly evolving and shaping international business
  12. 12. Satellites will enable people in very remote areas to communicate and receive information with their phones
  13. 13. Automatic translation telephones
  14. 14. Artificial intelligence and embedded learning technology will allow machines to "think" like humans
  15. 15. Advances in biotechnology, e-business, and telecommunications create a shift toward high-tech, knowledge-based economies 
  16. 16. MNCs may take advantage of these and prosper
  17. 17. Advances in technology have already eliminated middle management and white- and blue-collar jobs
  18. 18.  outsourcing and offshoring to lower costs
  19. 19. What are the costs and benefits of technological advancements that impact international management?</li></li></ul><li>Advancements in Technology<br />Costs<br /><ul><li>employees' jobs are eliminated
  20. 20. salaries are reduced because workers' skills are not in demand & have been replaced by machines
  21. 21. job loss is especially devastating in developing countries</li></ul>Benefits<br /><ul><li>allows for more opportunities to conduct business internationally
  22. 22. cost of doing business globally declines
  23. 23.  productivity will increase
  24. 24. prices will eventually decrease</li></li></ul><li>Chapter 2 Questions<br />
  25. 25. Question #1 <br />The government system greatly impacts how a country does business. As political polocies continue to change, MNC's must adapt their strategies and practices to accommodate their partners. For example, Chinese government would experience greater challenges when working with EU countries because they are communist. MNC's would need to understand how the communist system of government works and be able to meet the requirements in order to work together successfully with an EU country. <br />"Effective management occurs when the philosophies are recognized."<br />- Agree or disagree? Discussion. <br />
  26. 26. Question #2<br /><ul><li>Most positive effects of technological advancements and telecommunications should be seen in developing countries where inefficiencies in labor and production impede growth
  27. 27. Digitization, higher-speed telecommunication, and advancements in biotechnology give developing countries the opportunity to jump into the 21st century
  28. 28. Are there any negative effects?</li></li></ul><li>Question #2<br /><ul><li>Examples:
  29. 29.  People in South America and Eastern Europe used to wait years to get a telephone installed, and now it is relatively inexpensive and fast with cell phones
  30. 30. will improve quality of life
  31. 31. big market for telecommunications in developing economies
  32. 32. In India, the recent high-tech boom has created jobs for a growing number of people and will continue to do so the future</li></li></ul><li>
  33. 33.
  34. 34. Chapter 3-Ethics & Social Responsibility<br />-Ethics: the study of morality and standards of conduct<br />    Working conditions, work hours, and labor regulations create challenges for employers and employees.<br />-Human Rights- There is no universally adopted standard<br />    Women in the workforce--in Japan they are only offered secretarial or dead end jobs even with college degrees. It's believed they will marry early and leave the job. There are also no sexual harassment laws and managers see women as assistants, therefore not understanding the problem with it.<br />Discussion- Is it even worth going to college if you are only going to get a low paying job and risk sexual harassment?<br />Despite equal opportunity initiatives in the U.S., France, Germany, and Great Britain, women do not receive the same treatment or pay as men in the workforce. Will women ever be able to break through the glass ceiling?<br />
  35. 35.
  36. 36. Summary Continued<br />-The Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA) makes it illegal for US companies & their managers to attempt to influence foreign officials through personal payments. <br />    IRS continually audits books of MNC's.<br />    Those involved are subject to high penalties and jail time. <br />-Passing of this act has paid off because many US multinational companies have increased amount of business in countries they use to pay bribes and made it clear they will not buy stock in companies that use unethical practices. <br />- Look at page 66 at the corruption graph and discuss.<br />-Discussion: Do you think ethnics typically comes into play during a business deal?<br />
  37. 37. <ul><li>Corporate social responsibility - the actions of a firm to benefit society beyond the requirements of the law and the direct interests of the firm
  38. 38. Nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) - private, not-for-profit organizations that seek to serve society's interests by focusing on social, political, and economic issues 
  39. 39. poverty, social justice, education, health, and environment
  40. 40. examples: Save the Children and World Wildlife Fund
  41. 41. sharp criticism of Nike, Levi's, Chiquita
  42. 42. NGOs recognize that MNCs can have positive impacts on countries where they do business
  43. 43. adhering to higher social and environmental standards
  44. 44. Sustainability - development that meets humanity's needs without harming future generations
  45. 45. Corporate governance - the system by which business corporations are directed and controlled
  46. 46. provides structure of how company objectives are set, how to obtain the objectives, and monitors performance
  47. 47. U.S. and U.K. are "outsider" systems due to dispersed ownership of corporate equity among many outside investors</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Governments, MNCs, and NGOs are now working together to contribute to international development assistance and ensure that corporate governance practices are sound and effective
  48. 48. while keeping corporate social responsibility and sustainability in mind
  49. 49. New corporate ethics guidelines passed in the United States have forced MNCs to examine their own ethical practices and make changes to comply
  50. 50. This continuing trend toward globalization and free trade appears to encourage the development of a set of global ethical, social responsibility, and anti-corruption standards
  51. 51. Shifting from traditional business conduct to new ethical standards
  52. 52. What motivates MNCs to implement ethical and socially responsible business practices? page 59</li></li></ul><li>Japan's Ethical Issues<br />-Japan cabinet members have accepted questionable payments and favors.<br />-The bank system has failed to take action when distributing loans and continued to operate despite being technically bankrupt. <br />-Japanese firms have concealed consumer complaints for over 20 years <br />-Women paid dramatically less for the same job as men and as mentioned before, big problem with sexual harassment<br />
  53. 53. Chapter #3 Questions<br />1. What lessons can US MNC's learn from the political and bribery scandals in Japan that can be value to them in doing business in this country? Discuss 2.<br />2. How do ethical practices differ in the US and the European countries such as France and Germany? What implications does your answer have for the US multinationals operating in Europe?<br />
  54. 54.
  55. 55. Colgate's Distasteful Toothpaste ...<br />-Please read pages 78 - 80 and answer the review questions. You may work with a partner.<br />
  56. 56. Colgate's Distasteful Toothpaste ...<br />1) <br />    - First strategic error, gave H&H complete control of the product.<br />    - Second, waited too long to address the issue<br />    - Ethics - The study of morality and standards of conduct<br />    - Ethics demands us to do what is deemed right by society, Colgate should have known that the racial slur of "Darkie" was something that needed to be addressed. Colgate needed to take control of H&H sooner rather than later.<br />
  57. 57. Colgate's Distasteful Toothpaste ...<br />2)<br />    - In our opinion Colgate needed to address the issue sooner and with more force. Colgate thought that by not responding to the issue it would eventually go away, but in fact, by trying to suppress the issue for so long, it actually did more harm than good. A complete name and label change, though possibly dropping total sales, was necessary. Both could have been slowly brought into the market and made public over time so that consumers would find the new H&H product just as good as before. <br />
  58. 58. Colgate's Distasteful Toothpaste ...<br />3)<br />    - After a name change, there is almost no way to keep all consumer loyalty, this is why Colgate did not want to change the name. It is definitely a big issue when deciding on a something such as a change in name or image. <br />- Almost fully the reason why Colgate did not respond very quickly to name change. <br />
  59. 59. Colgate's Distasteful Toothpaste ...<br />4)<br />    - No,  the "no management rights" clause was not a good thing for the company. <br />    - In the negotiation process Colgate could have set up an equal rights clause and therefore had more say in the decision making process. If Colgate had more say, they could have caught the problem long before if became such a national issue.<br />
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