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P2.3. Research partnerships on climate change mitigation through REDD+ and the interactions with agriculture
P2.3. Research partnerships on climate change mitigation through REDD+ and the interactions with agriculture
P2.3. Research partnerships on climate change mitigation through REDD+ and the interactions with agriculture
P2.3. Research partnerships on climate change mitigation through REDD+ and the interactions with agriculture
P2.3. Research partnerships on climate change mitigation through REDD+ and the interactions with agriculture
P2.3. Research partnerships on climate change mitigation through REDD+ and the interactions with agriculture
P2.3. Research partnerships on climate change mitigation through REDD+ and the interactions with agriculture
P2.3. Research partnerships on climate change mitigation through REDD+ and the interactions with agriculture
P2.3. Research partnerships on climate change mitigation through REDD+ and the interactions with agriculture
P2.3. Research partnerships on climate change mitigation through REDD+ and the interactions with agriculture
P2.3. Research partnerships on climate change mitigation through REDD+ and the interactions with agriculture
P2.3. Research partnerships on climate change mitigation through REDD+ and the interactions with agriculture
P2.3. Research partnerships on climate change mitigation through REDD+ and the interactions with agriculture
P2.3. Research partnerships on climate change mitigation through REDD+ and the interactions with agriculture
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P2.3. Research partnerships on climate change mitigation through REDD+ and the interactions with agriculture

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  • 1. Research partnership on climate change mitigation through REDD+ and the interactions with agriculture Almeida Sitoe Department of Forestry, Eduardo Mondlane University, Maputo, MozambiqueSecond Global Conference on Agricultural Research for Development (GCARD2) Punta del Este, Uruguay, 29 October – 1 November 2012
  • 2. Objective of the presentation• Present joint work with CIFOR which was initiated through national level stakeholder processes in Mozambique• Present the interface involving a CGIAR Center, national institutions, academia and civil society• Present the role of actors at all levels in relation to emerging policy options, particularly REDD+• Present early results and how these are influencing policy development in Mozambique
  • 3. Introduction• Mozambique is one of the countries in Southern Africa with high forest cover• Deforestation is high (0.58% per year and increasing)• About 80% of the GHG emissions are from agriculture land forest mand use• Therefore engaged on REDD+ as an opportunity to reduce emissions while improving SFM
  • 4. The REDD+ Process in Mozambique• Coordination by the Ministry of Environment (MICOA) and the Ministry of Agriculture (MINAG)• Funding provided by the Norwegian Government• South-South Collaboration: to develop the initial ideas of REDD+ at national level (since 2009) – A group of Mozambican Institutions • Eduardo Mondlane University (UEM) • Centro Terra Viva (CTV) – Amazonia Sustainable Foundation (FAF) - Brazil – International Institute fo Environment and Development (IIED) - UK – Indufor - Finland
  • 5. Global Comparative studies on REDD+• 12 countries: Brazil, Bolivia, Cameroon, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Indonesia, Nepal, Peru, Tanzania, Vietnam, Papua New Guinea (PNG), Mozambique, and Burkina Faso• The goal of the study is to influence REDD+ design and implementation at three scales: – Local: Site and landscape project activities, including methods for community-based monitoring – National: Development of strategies and policies, including scenarios for national reference levels – Global: REDD architecture in the global post-2012 climate- protection agreement
  • 6. Source of Funds
  • 7. Early results for Mozambique• Drivers of deforestation and forest degradation – Wood energy – Agriculture – Unsustainable logging – Mining
  • 8. Underlying causes of Agriculture- related deforestation• Subsistence agriculture (food production)• Limited access to technologies• Slash-and-burn agriculture• Of the 800,000 cash crop growers, 99% are smallholders covering >243.000 ha (76% of the cash crop area) (2009-2010)
  • 9. Underlying factors for deforestation and forest degradation• Demographic factors - population growth, density, and urbanization• Technological factors – low productivity agriculture• Economic factors – export commodities (sesame, tobacco, cotton, timber)• Institutional factors – weak institutional capacity
  • 10. Implications for REDD+• Land ownership insecurity may promote further deforestation• Most vulnerable people may be negatively affected• Need to define Forest and Carbon rights
  • 11. Comparative results: REDD+ process ownership• REDD+ process is driven by domestic actors, high national ownership over their REDD+ process, there is strong coalition building among state and non- state actors in support of REDD+ – Mozambique, Brazil, Indonesia Peru, Vietnam
  • 12. Comparative studies: Governance and institutional setup• Weak governance and institutional set-ups such as functioning multi- level governance system and effectiveness of forest legislation, policy and governance –Mozambique, PNG, Nepal, Indonesia, B urkina Faso, DRC
  • 13. How are the results influencing processes at national level• Public Consultation • Training and• Civil Society CIFOR Capacity Building engagement• Private sector CTV • Research participation (+ UEM IIED, FAS ) REDD+ National REDD+ National REDD+ REDD+ Piloting Strategy Reference Level Policies MINAG MICOA• Agriculture • Climate Change• Forestry Policies• Land issues • Cross-sector coordination
  • 14. Thank you!

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