Agriculture stands at the nexus of three of the greatest challenges facing humankind in the 21 st century. In 2012 the Commission ….. Delivered its final report. This Commission was made up of 13 international experts, and was chaired by Sir John Beddington the UK Chief Scientist. The Commission recommended urgent action on climate change and agriculture. It provided seven recommendations which are very over-arching, spanning the whole food system
The CGIAR has just gone through a reform process and one of the principles of the reform involves a new commitment to partnerships. One of the CRPs is that on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) CCAFS is not only a CGIAR program – it is actually a joint program between the CGIAR and Future Earth – Future Earth includes such organisations as the World Climate Research Program and DIVERSITAS. In the US alone the budget for global change research in the broad sense (ie not only CCAFS focussed) is about 2.5 billion. CCAFS will work with Future Earth to focus attention on cc and agric in smallholder systems.
Forests are cut, temperatures rise and biodiversity is lost. The poor become poorer and indigenous cultures disappear. With the rise in temperatures, fires increase, droughts lengthen, floods spread, and pests and diseases affecting livestock and plants adapt and multiply. What many are calling a “perfect storm” gathers strength and the impact rolls across the developing world from the forests to the farms to the atmosphere. The first and hardest hit are the poorest people who eke out a living on formerly forested lands, or farm dry cereals on degraded and rain-fed lands where the margins for error are slim to none. Next hit are the irrigated areas where floods and drought combine to silt or empty reservoirs; and farmers who plant highly targeted crop varieties struggle to adapt. The incomes and livelihoods of the world’s poorest people spiral downward.
P2.3. Achieving food security in the face of climate change. Why we need a step change in our partnership models
PRESENTATION OF THE YEAR Paul Red SmithACHIEVING FOOD SECURITY IN THE FACE OF CLIMATE CHANGE. WHY WE NEED A STEP CHANGE IN OUR PARTNERSHIP MODELS Federica Rossi
Commission on Sustainable Agriculture and PRESENTATION OF THE YEAR ClimateChange Paul Red Smith • “Business as usual in our globally interconnected food system will not bring us food security and environmental sustainability” • “The window of opportunity to avert a humanitarian, environmental and climate crisis is rapidly closing” • Provides 7 over-arching recommendations that span: production- consumption continuum; agriculture-climate-environment divide, etc. • Commission brings home the need for a very different approach to partnershipsBeddington et al. (2012) Science 335: 289-290 www.ccafs.cgiar.org/commission
PRESENTATION OF THE YEAR Paul Red SmithProgramme on Climate Change Agriculture and Food Security CCAFS: the partnership!The largest global coalition of scientists working on developing-country agriculture and climate change
PRESENTATION OF THE YEAR Forests, Trees and Agroforestry: Paul Red Smith Livelihoods, Landscapes and GovernanceForest are cut, biodiversity is lost: a new research approachin response to the challenge of improving management andgovernance of our remaining forests, reducing conflicts overdisputed lands, increasing the well-being of women andmarginalized groups
The context PRESENTATION OF THE YEAR Paul Red Smith
PRESENTATION OF THE YEAR Paul Red SmithIncrease adaptive capacities of agricultural systems. Increase of food production and access. Act on environmental conservation strategies. Agricultural environmental footprint mus shrink dramatically Foley J et al., 2011. Solutions for a cultivated planet. Nature, 478. 337-342
Range of competences:YEAR PRESENTATION OF THE Paul Red SmithFARM MANAGEMENTMITIGATION, LONG & SHORT TERM ADAPTATION, SUSTAINABILITY (RESEARCHERS,STAKEHOLDERS, POLICY MAKERS) + DSS GIS + Climate science & Earth observation + models + u* z u ( z) = k ln z0 m ICT RA RX T0 TC m RS TS θ(z,t) v(x,y,t)
PRESENTATION OF THE YEAR The needs: Paul Red Smith… a commonproblem, a walk togetherin the samedirection ….
EXAMPLE OF PARTNERSHIP PRESENTATION OF THE YEAR Paul Red SmithApplications of meteorology to agricultural cropping systems, forestry, fisheries, and agricultural land use and livestock managementDevelopment of agromet services of Members by transfer of knowledge and methodology and by providing advices;Methods, procedures, techniques for the provision of meteorological services to agriculture;Formulation of data requirements for agricultural purposes;Introduction of effective methods for disseminating agromet information, advice and warnings to agriculture by mass media;Meteorological aspects of drought and desertification.
PRESENTATION OF THE YEAR Paul Red Smith OPAG 3 - Climate Change/Variability and Natural Disasters in AgricultureTo summarize, analyze, report on the status of climate climate/variability studies,mitigation and adaptation strategies, methodologies to reduce of natural disaster impacts,and help improve the utility of long-term climate predictions in agriculture. 3.1 ICT To summarize the status of cc/variability studies as they impact national and regional agriculture, rangelands, forestry and fisheries. To report on current capabilities in the analysis of cc/variability specifically as they relate to and affect agriculture at the national and regional levels; To review the results of cc/variability scenarios at the regional level and promote appropriate adaptation strategies to mitigate the impacts on the productivity. To identify deficiencies in the operational applications of long-range predictions for agriculture, and make recommendations for improving the technology for the benefit of agriculture at the national and regional levels.
PRESENTATION OF THE YEAR Paul Red Smith 3.2 – ET Weather and Climate Extremes-Impacts-Preparedness Strategies in Agriculture, Rangelands, Forestry, and Fisheries-To determine the critical areas by climatic zones where agricultural production is vulnerable to extremes in different regions; and to suggest continuous monitoring strategies for early detection in vulnerable areas; -To appraise and report on current capabilities in the analysis of climate risks and to summarize the different strategies of coping with climate risks in agriculture
PRESENTATION OF THE YEAR Paul Red Smith 3.3 – ET Response of Agricultural Communities to Information on a Changing Climate: Adaptation at the Regional Level - To review and assess the response of agricultural communities to information on achanging climate in order to improve their capacity to cope with climate variability and change; - To summarize methodologies for the assessment of adaptation measures in order to cope with climate change/variability and risk management in agriculture; -To assess the current status of communication of climate alert information to the agricultural communities in different Regions, and recommend ways and means of improving dissemination-To summarize strategies to cope with climate variability and change and assess their impacts on sustainable agriculture; - To review the strengths and weaknesses of existing provisions in the national policies related to climate extremes impacting on agriculture
PRESENTATION OF THE YEAR Paul Red Smith"enable better management of the risks of climate variability and change and adaptation toclimate change, through the development and incorporation of science-based climateinformation and prediction into planning, policy and practice on the global, regional andnational scale". Agro-Climate Decision Support System for food security
Agro-Climate Decision Support System for water PRESENTATION OF THE YEAR Long ter and food security Paul Red Smith strat M egies m . anag Ri s Applications for Prep eme k a re d nt. Decision-Making mit ness & Policy Making mea igation sure s. La use nd Farm management Extension tools and educational aids to provide a & Training pathway of learning for farmers Farm Operational tools Decisions (drought continues, rainy season begins…). Producing more with less water.
EXAMPLE OF PARTNERSHIP PRESENTATION OF THE YEAR Paul Red Smith Drives innovation in cc through partnerships (business, academia, public entities). Addresses themes to respond to the challenge of cc, and identifies opportunities through education, innovation and entrepreneurship: Managing climate drivers - assessing and forecasting extreme climates to develop mitigation and adaptive solutions Water management - supply and demand of water to develop sustainable solutions Low carbon cities - traffic and waste management and energy efficiency to transform urban mobility and create less waste Zero carbon production - focusing on bio-renewables, such as using waste as a resource to create biomass and produce energy
a PRESENTATION OF THE YEAR Paul Red Smithntf • Greater understanding on the partnerships needed, from local to global levels, in order to tackle climater change adaptation and mitigationo • Commitment by key actors to strengthened globalm partnership that appropriately incorporates local, national and regional actorst
PRESENTATION OF THE YEAR Paul Red Smith It is time for us…•Shaping new regional Partnerships•Regional Approaching towards Climate-SmartAgriculture•Addressing National Needs through AR4D Processes•Discussion•Research initiatives to integrate local communities intoAR4D•Panel “Establishing the Global Alliance…”