P2.1. Managing Agrobiodiversity for Sustainable Agriculture in the Asia-Pacific Region

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  • Asia-Pacific region
  • P2.1. Managing Agrobiodiversity for Sustainable Agriculture in the Asia-Pacific Region

    1. 1. Managing Agrobiodiversity MANAGING AGROBIODIVERSITY FOR SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION R. D. Ghodake, P.N. Mathur, R.S. Paroda and L. S. Sebastian for Sustainable Agriculture in the Asia-Pacific RegionR.D. Ghodake, P.N. Mathur, R.S. Paroda and L.S. Sebastian
    2. 2. MANAGING AGROBIODIVERSITY FOR SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION R. D. Ghodake, P.N. Mathur, R.S. Paroda and L. S. SebastianAgro-biodiversity Challenges/ Opportunities in the Region1. Asia-Pacific - Center of diversity of important species of crops and livestock2. PGR contributed to green revolution and food security3. Narrowing of species diversity & threats due to genetic erosion4. Efforts to conserve and use insufficient5. Limited use of 7.4 M ex-situ collections6. Loss of traditional knowledge
    3. 3. MANAGING AGROBIODIVERSITY FOR SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION R. D. Ghodake, P.N. Mathur, R.S. Paroda and L. S. SebastianMajor Constraints/Problems - Suwon Conference1. Lack of characterization and evaluation data2. Lack of sharing of information and germplasm3. Poor coordination and effective policies at national level4. Poor links between genebanks and users of germplasm5. Germplasm accessing not effective6. Low diversity available within collections, for related and wild species
    4. 4. MANAGING AGROBIODIVERSITY FOR SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION R. D. Ghodake, P.N. Mathur, R.S. Paroda and L. S. Sebastian Suwon Agrobiodiversity Framework1. Suwon Framework adopted/endorsed by APAARI, GFAR, Bioversity, other Centers and national partners2. Provide an integrated / strategic approach, towards the sustainable management and use through regional collaboration and partnerships3. Brings together work on microbes, crop plants, forest trees, livestock and fish genetic resources4. Agricultural productivity and resilience of production systems5. Improved quality of value chains
    5. 5. MANAGING AGROBIODIVERSITY FOR SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION R. D. Ghodake, P.N. Mathur, R.S. Paroda and L. S. SebastianThematic Areas of Research and Development1. Studies to enhance use –subset approach2. Pre-breeding and participatory breeding3. Strategies /technologies to enhance in- situ and ex-situ conservation4. Assessment of richness and status - social, economic and cultural studies5. Interdisciplinary studies on ecosystems6. Information systems and tools7. Supportive policies, laws and strategies
    6. 6. MANAGING AGROBIODIVERSITY FOR SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION R. D. Ghodake, P.N. Mathur, R.S. Paroda and L. S. SebastianAreas of Regional Collaboration1. Developing national plans and integrating them into regional and global collaborative frameworks2. Increasing R&D collaboration on conservation and use3. Improved sharing of information and data4. Enhancing exchange and use5. Strengthening capacity, education and public awareness6. Effective roles of stakeholders in strengthening conservation through use
    7. 7. MANAGING AGROBIODIVERSITY FOR SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION R. D. Ghodake, P.N. Mathur, R.S. Paroda and L. S. SebastianCurrent Partnership - Regional and Crop Networks1. Four Sub-Regional PGR Networks 1.1 South Asia Network on PGR (SANPGR) 1.2 Regional Network for Conservation and Utilization of PGR in East Asia (EA-PGR) 1.3 Regional Cooperation in South East Asia for PGR (RECSEA-PGR) 1.4 Pacific Agricultural Genetic Resources Network (PAPGREN)2. Forestry PGR Networks 2.1 Asia-Pacific Forest Genetic Resources Programme (APFORGEN)3. Regional Crop Networks 3.1 Banana –BAPNET 3.2 Coconut - COGENT
    8. 8. MANAGING AGROBIODIVERSITY FOR SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION R. D. Ghodake, P.N. Mathur, R.S. Paroda and L. S. Sebastian Strengthen Network Collaboration – Emphasizing on1. Regional issues and benefits to enhance collaborative efforts2. Collaboration between national and international research institutions3. Network activities for underutilized crops and their wild relatives4. Regional collaborative projects5. Focusing on participating countries and their roles6. Funding mobilization
    9. 9. MANAGING AGROBIODIVERSITY FOR SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION R. D. Ghodake, P.N. Mathur, R.S. Paroda and L. S. Sebastian Priority Projects Identified during Kuala Lumpur Workshop1. Enhanced utilization of germplasm for sustainable crop production – for Pacific countries2. Acquisition of crop wild relatives and accessing novel alleles3. Increasing availability and accessibility to the rich agrobiodiversity for conservation and improvement of livelihoods of farmers4. Enhancing use of underutilized species for improved livelihoods and diversified diets5. Agro-biodiversity Transition and deficits: Understanding and managing changes in diversity and local thresholds to the sustainability of ecosystem services
    10. 10. MANAGING AGROBIODIVERSITY FOR SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION R. D. Ghodake, P.N. Mathur, R.S. Paroda and L. S. Sebastian Moving Forward with the Framework1. Encourage national systems to adopt the Framework2. Encourage donor/funding organizations to use the Framework as basis of support3. Strengthen capacity of subregional and crop GR networks members4. Develop regional collaborative projects5. Catalyse national systems in enhancing their breeding programs through the use of germplasm6. Support activities that promote the use of underutilized crops and crop wild relatives
    11. 11. MANAGING AGROBIODIVERSITY FOR SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION R. D. Ghodake, P.N. Mathur, R.S. Paroda and L. S. SebastianMatching Seeds for Needs: PNG-Bioversity Efforts1. Crop suitability models for taro and sweet potato for current and future climatic conditions2. Identification of crop-production areas most threatened by climate change3. Identification of varieties adapted to future climatic conditions4. Development of improved seed multiplication and delivery systems5. Improved genetic production potential of staple crops in PNG
    12. 12. MANAGING AGROBIODIVERSITY FOR SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION R. D. Ghodake, P.N. Mathur, R.S. Paroda and L. S. SebastianExpectations in Immediate Future1 Currently planned projects implemented vigorously with committed funding support2 Further development of collaborative research proposals in the other two areas identified under Suwon Framework3 Partnerships reactivated and adequately resourced4 Expanded crop improvement programme in PNG

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