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GFAR and the GCARD:  Transforming Agricultural Research  for Development - Monty Jones, GFAR Chair
 

GFAR and the GCARD: Transforming Agricultural Research for Development - Monty Jones, GFAR Chair

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    GFAR and the GCARD:  Transforming Agricultural Research  for Development - Monty Jones, GFAR Chair GFAR and the GCARD: Transforming Agricultural Research for Development - Monty Jones, GFAR Chair Presentation Transcript

    • GFAR and the GCARD:Transforming Agricultural Research for Development Monty Jones, GFAR Chair
    • Putting the farmer at the centre of innovation: Business as usual is not an option…How can we increase food & nutritionsecurity and farmer incomes while:• Ensuring the needs of resource-poor smallholders & householders are met• Sustainably managing environmental resources• And what kind of innovation systems do we need to meet these challenges?
    • All knowledge has value• Scientific knowledge is reductionist, trusted & validated by its method• Local knowledge is holistic, trusted & validated by experience• Need to link & reconcile these knowledge & trust bases• Sustainable development must value & capitalize on both
    • Global Forum on Agricultural Research: the Multi-stakeholder Catalyst for action Advocacy for Change Transforming Institutions for the Future Global Collective Partnership actions Sharing Knowledge for AllG8 Statement on Food Security 2009: “We support the fundamental reform processes underway in the global agricultural research system through the Global Forum on Agricultural Research"
    • CGIAR – a new vision of impacts achieved with partners To reduce poverty and hunger, improve human health and enhance ecosystem resilience through high-quality international agricultural research, partnership and leadership Strategy & Results Framework has 4 System Level OutcomesReducing Sustainable ImprovingRural Improving Management nutrition andPoverty Food Security of Natural health Resources
    • Why GCARD? Why have many apparently effective technologies not been adopted and yield gaps remain? How can knowledge and innovation better benefit the poor? How can international public goods fit with national processes? Why isn’t agricultural innovation better valued in development? How can we build more collective action towards large scale development impacts?
    • GCARD’s EvolutionGFAR – Catalyzing partnerships for action among all thosegenerating, accessing, adapting & using agricultural knowledge &technologiesCGIAR – Reform & SRF of International agricultural research systemrequires partnership, consultation & accountabilityGCARD: Outcome-focused process for transforming andstrengthening agricultural innovation systems around the world
    • GCARD 2010: We’ve come a long way together Regional Reviews E-Consultations Face to Face Workshops CGIAR Strategy & Regional AR4D Priorities Results Framework GCARD Global Report GCARD Conference GCARD Synthesis &ProceedingsCGIAR Consortium GCARD Roadmap National, Regional andResearch Programs Global Actions
    • GCARD Roadmap1. Inclusively define priorities and 4. Develop required human & actions, driven by development institutional capacities needs 5. Embed innovation in2. Develop equitable partnerships development programs & among all stakeholders policies3. Achieve increased investments to 6. Involve stakeholders in meet development needs accountability and value systems used
    • GCARD 2: 2012Foresight and partnership for innovation and impact on small-holder livelihoods It’s all about you: Your aims Your actions Your commitments
    • Roadmap: Improving foresight & prioritization Better envisioning our future needs Not just for projecting what the world will become but for deciding what kind of world we would like to see in future The nature of the process by which we develop our future visions determines its influence: smallholders must have a say in envisioning their future. Changing mindsets… always a long process
    • Roadmap: Improving foresight & prioritization Many lenses focused on our futures GCARD 2010 - need a better understanding of future needs & research prioritization G20-ARD 2011 - G20 Ministers widely welcomed concept of a Global Foresight Hub Science Forum 2011 - Hub concept developed, bringing together forecasts and scenarios and valuing both
    • Roadmap: Improving foresight & prioritization Foresight in 2012 Global Foresight Hub: what is the future of smallholder farming? Over 40 studies analyzed in depth: global, regional and national scales Developing the capacities required: African Foresight Academy Envisioning the future agriculture we wish to see, and its implications, so that research works towards our desired aims
    • Roadmap: effective Partnerships for ImpactFood SecurityCGIAR CRPs & GCARD processes supporting development of the jigsaw puzzle of actionsrequired between innovation and impactMobilizing partnerships, policies and capacities for scaling out CRP Intermediate DevelopmentOutcomes to impactPractical accountability to smallholder farmers:  World Bank and IFAD processes for scaling-out innovations  Framework for increasing wheat productivity in S Asia - APAARI & CIMMYT  End-user feedback loops piloted with GRiSP and FARA  Reconciling farmers rights and breeders rights: GFAR with CGIAR, International Treaty, Commission, NGOs, seed companies
    • Roadmap: effective Partnerships for ImpactFostering Collective Action in NutritionGCARD bringing together FAO Sustainable diet diversity,CRP Nutrition and Health, WFP Purchase for Progress,Scaling-Up Nutrition, NGO actions, London DeclarationetcDeveloping new understanding and linkagesIntegrating diet diversity, biofortification, food safetyand supplementary feeding processesNutrition-centred research and index of nutritivequality in productionLinkage with Gender in Agriculture Partnership & childnutrition and growth
    • Roadmap: effective Partnerships for ImpactClimate changeGlobal joint actions: CCAFS/ GFAR /CTA /IFAD /GDPRD /FANRPAN /FAO /WB /WFO etc  Agriculture & Rural Development Day… now Agricultural Landscapes & Livelihoods Day  Joint advocacy in Rio+20Supporting regional actions:  CCAFS,WMO and Regional Fora working with national partners to examine policy environment and needs in climate smart agriculture  Tsukuba Framework – APAARI (Asia-Pacific) then climate smart agriculture meeting  Kuwait Framework – AARINENA (West Asia/North Africa) Now require practical & collective actions delivering on the frameworks
    • Roadmap: effective Partnerships for ImpactAgro-biodiversity Frameworks for action developed through Year of Biodiversity , linked Regional Fora and CGIAR, esp. Bioversity International: FARA - Agro-Biodiversity Initiative for Africa (ABIA) APAARI - Suwon Framework and subsequent actions on framework implementation, invasive species AARINENA - Regional Commission on Genetic Resources in Food and Agriculture
    • Roadmap: effective Partnerships for ImpactAgro-biodiversity - Promoting international actions GFAR & International Treaty now formally linked in sustainable use of agrobiodiversity & technology transfer – Bali ITPGRFA Governing Body 2011 & Rio+20 Diversity for Development – collective action on under-utilized crops Beijing Science Forum with ISPC, 2011: Biodiversity research challenges, issues of functional scale required, invasive threats, sustainable systems
    • Roadmap: effective Partnerships for ImpactPartnerships in Action: LANDSCAPESRio+20 ARDD conference – new focus on landscape-based approaches and systemresilienceIntegrating land and water management, forests, fisheries and alternative resourceuses – biofuels etc  CRPs on Forests & Trees, Water & Land, CCAFS  Catalyzing Association of International Centres for Research & Development in Agriculture (AIRCA)  Farmers & research together promoting Conservation agriculture in S Asia, Latin America (APAARI, FORAGRO)  Better water management & governance: CTA
    • Roadmap: effective Partnerships for ImpactLivelihood-based approaches Welcome new CRPs that focus collective actions on system-based approaches SSA-CP innovation platform sites, demonstrating livelihood changes Brazil-Africa and Brazil-Caribbean Innovation Marketplaces ProLINNOVA and local innovation EFARD - PAEPARD and extension to other regions
    • Roadmap: effective Partnerships for ImpactLinking Smallholder Farmers to Markets Producer-focused regional experiences documented and shared Empowering Small Farmers Into Markets grew out of GFAR initiative, now a wide range of farmer-driven successes and learning experiences Further mobilizing farmer organizations – global actions now emerging from World Farmer Organization and regional networks, International Year of Cooperatives
    • Roadmap: effective Partnerships for ImpactBuilding concerted action on gender in agriculture through the GFARmechanism: CGIAR and FAO gender specialists – desire for collective action FAO & FARA – examining gender-based innovation priorities in Niger and use of women’s community radio networks to share knowledge AARINENA – review of gender-related issues in 4 WANA countries FORAGRO – new study underway IFPRI – review of engendering agricultural innovation AWARD – strengthening M&E and outreach APAARI & ICAR – Global Conference on Women in Agriculture
    • First Global Conference on Women in Agriculture (GCWA), New Delhi, 13-15 March, 2012A global urgency to empower women to ensure household food and nutrition security and inclusive growth in agriculture
    • Global Conference on Women in Agriculture New Delhi, March 2012• Key issues: access to resources and returns, reorientinginnovation systems to reduce labour, energy and time inproduction, focus on value-addition post harvest, child nutrition• Formulated 5 point Plan to ‘engender’ Agriculture & AR4DsystemsGender in Agriculture Partnership (GAP)• Open & inclusive partnership mobilizing actions acrossmany national, regional & international bodies• Linking gender work of international agencies; CGIAR &UN• Engaging national, regional and international bodies from all sectors• Advocacy, knowledge sharing, connecting & triggering programmes• Brought gender focus into Rio+20 & GCARD
    • AR4D Investments & ReturnsGCARD 2010 called for a better system for tracking AR4D investments ASTI supported to establish a Global Baseline, working via Regional ForaGFAR Berlin workshop January 2012 Established links between diverse databases and analyses on state of investments around the world e.g. ASTI,GDPRD, EIARD, OECD, G8-AFSI, FAO and Regional For a Product: integrated system now underway e.g. OECD-DAC indicators, G8-AFSINow linking with Economic Returns from investment: National analyses: Uruguay CGIAR analyses: ISPC & SPIAChallenges: New metrics needed beyond gross productivity e.g. environmental value Major data gaps remain for advisory services & private sector
    • Roadmap: increasing investments Public Agricultural R&D spending: Developing countries drive growthSource: ASTI 2012
    • Roadmap: increasing investments Public Agricultural R&D spending: Regional distribution and growthSource: ASTI 2012
    • Roadmap: developing required capacities Inter-regional Capacity Development & Research Partnerships in a changing global economyFacilitated through Regional Fora or institutional networks, reflecting the new skills required  Europe-Africa e.g. PAEPARD  INIAS Ibero-America  Eurasian Centre for Food Security (Central Asia)G20 MACS – advanced science now becoming linked with GFAR, CGIAR & GCARD process infostering international partnerships e.g.  FAO Tropical Agriculture Platform  Opening access to research and genomic data  Data integration with GIS
    • Roadmap: developing required capacitiesCapacities: connecting people and networks through GFAR & GCARD YPARD : Young Professionals rejuvenating AR4D systems and creating attractive agricultural careers GCHERA: Agricultural Universities working together to share experiences and transform education, also through regional education networks and regional fora linkages, e.g. RUFORUM & FARA, UNIBRAIN, TEAM-Africa AGRIVIVO: networking AR4D professionals CSO-GARD: Networking civil society organizations active in innovation systems
    • Roadmap: developing required capacitiesSharing and Mobilizing Knowledge - CIARD Strengthening regional agricultural information & learning systems (RAILS) and National systems Opening Access – Coherence in Information for AR4D (CIARD) creates the collective frame enabling information to be mobilized, transformed and used CIARD RING now >4 million records readily accessible between databases
    • Roadmap: developing required capacities Bridging Knowledge Gaps: Examples from the work of APAARICoherence in Information for Agricultural Research for Development (CIARD)initiative in the region with the support of GFAR and FAO.Workshop on CIARD and Strengthening RAIS in South Asia, BangladeshWorkshop on ICM for Agricultural Innovation in Southeast Asia” in ThailandWorkshop on “Moving Beyond Strategy to Improve IKM for AgriculturalDevelopment in the Pacific Islands Countries and Territories, Fiji IslandsWorkshop on Openness in Agricultural Information and Knowledge Sharing, NewDelhiStrengthening Regional Agricultural Information Systems /RAILSStatus Report on ICT/ICM in AR4D in the Asia-Pacific RegionSuccess Stories on Agricultural Information and Knowledge for All in the Asia-PacificRegionDevelopment of database of institutions and experts to provide access to existingARD Institutions/Scientists. Training programs relating to ICT/ICM
    • Roadmap: developing required capacitiesThe New Roles of Extension: GFRASStrengthening of advisory services, GFRAS:GFAR, FAO , BMGF, AFAAS & Neuchatel group catalyzed collective global action to mobilize andstrengthen rural advisory servicesTogether established the Global Forum on Rural Advisory ServicesContinued support has seen GFRAS mobilize regional actions around the world:  Learning and sharing best practices –international conferences Nairobi, Delhi  Working directly to strengthen innovation brokers transforming knowledge into field use  Learning from experiences on what is required of ‘New Extensionists” in innovation systems  Advocacy for change based on best practices
    • Better Linking Research into Development Policies and CommitmentsPresently only 4/24 African Poverty Reduction Strategies include agricultural researchfocus GCARD 2010: Farmers identified CAADP as the essential mechanism for CGIAR engagement in Africa FARA manages implementation of CAADP Pillar 4 – agricultural productivity 2011 Zurich process supported by GFAR, then Dublin process direct links CGIAR in support of CAADP aims and country compacts G8 New Alliance 2012 and public-private linkages: Grow Africa & PANAACInspired CACAARI – first regional framework developed for agricultural research fordevelopment
    • Protracted crisesHow can agricultural knowledge and innovation better help rebuild communitiesshattered by crises?25 States now considered in protracted crises, most in Africa. Recent wars havedecimated AR4D systems elsewhere e.g. Iraq, Sierra LeonePractical application of outcomes from Committee on Food Security and past work ofe.g. ICARDA:Kigali Movement established August 2012 Rebuilding trust and knowledge systems, from informal to formal Examining what we can learn from successful experiences of growing out from conflict
    • Where we are now  In last 2 years GFAR has catalyzed many actions delivering to the GCARD Roadmap principles  CGIAR reform provides a change–enabling environment for collaboration and wider reform  Research is essential, but not itself sufficient to deliver impact  Achieving impacts requires our continued efforts together and commitment to practical actions  GCARD 2012 is your opportunity to set out your own commitments  The time for action is NOW
    • THANK YOU!