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C2.1. Innovation, institutional learning and networks for development in LAC
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C2.1. Innovation, institutional learning and networks for development in LAC


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Victor M. Villalobos

Victor M. Villalobos

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  • 1. Innovation, institutional learning, and networks for development in LAC Víctor M. Villalobos
  • 2. Context• A new agricultural revolution is under way in LAC agriculture.• Forging a paradigm of productive, sustainable, and inclusive agriculture calls for innovation.• The structural changes need to go hand in hand with sweeping organizational changes.• The new institutional arrangements in the area of research and extension are still insufficient.• The GCARD’s Road Map is the way to go, speeding up the process. We can do more. 2
  • 3. Some experiences in LAC• At the hemispheric level: The INNOVAGRO Network• At the sub regional level: The PROCIS• At the local level: El Salvador’s PAF 3
  • 4. INNOVAGRO Network• It is hemispheric and involves the different stakeholders in the National Agricultural Research Systems (NARSs).• Very useful tool for strengthening innovation processes in the agrifood sector, through the sharing of experiences.• The public and private sectors are heavily involved.• Currently consists of 60 institutions and organizations.• Information about 300 successful cases is being shared.• It has developed the Observatory of Institutional Innovations and the Diagnostic Guide of the NARSs. 4
  • 5. The PROCIs• They are mechanisms for the technological integration of the NARIs.• PROCISUR, PROCINORTE, PROMECAFE, SICTA and PROCITROPICOS.• They operate through networks or platforms, addressing the countries’ research priorities.• Some of them have been adapting quite well to the new conditions. Others not so well.• All of them have been establishing important partnerships with global research organizations. 5
  • 6. Family Agriculture Plan in El Salvador• It has increased smallholder income by improving competitiveness.• Organized innovation makes it possible to adopt a chains approach in rural territories.• It encompasses 16,000 producers, strengthening their technical and management capabilities.• Extension is carried out via the field schools, adopting the “learning by doing” approach.• Nearly 80% of the participants in the PAF chains are using all or part of 6 the technologies transferred.
  • 7. Lessons Learned• Trust makes partnerships and networks work.• Trust reduces transaction and coordination costs.• Since the innovations take place at the territorial level, local innovation networks are very important.• The networks are more successful when geared to market requirements and territorial dynamics.• The institutional learning processes are complex, slow, and non-linear.• The leadership is always important…..very important! 7
  • 8. Important partnerships• Consolidate the leadership of GFAR by means of a bigger presence of the private sector and family farming within its different entities.• Strengthen the partnership between IICA and the CGIAR International Centers, promoting a greater presence of the CRPs in LAC.• Broadening and deepening of south–south cooperation.• Identify, systematize and disseminate new public-private partnerships in research/extension in LAC.• Promote more closely coordinated action by the PROCIS, FORAGRO, and NARIs, increasingly opening them up to partnerships with other agricultural stakeholders.• The international agencies can and should act in a more coordinated manner. 8
  • 9. Some proposals• There is an urgent need to promote a global partnership for the development of family farming.• Agriculture should spearhead the campaign for more efficient water use…..and research and innovation have a vital role to play!!• Implement a hemispheric strategy to support the modernization of NARIs.• Need for more and better instruments that support technical cooperation better.• A common agenda to support research/extension/innovation for all the international agencies working in the Region. 9
  • 10. Thank you