C1.2. Partnership-based Extension Models


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H. S. Gupta

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C1.2. Partnership-based Extension Models

  1. 1. Indian Agricultural Research Institute Partnership-based Extension Models Lessons for Outscaling H.S. Gupta Indian Agricultural Research Institute New Delhi-110012, India E-mail : director@iari.res.in
  2. 2. Indian Agricultural Research Institute Public-Civil Partnership for Sufficiency in Seed Introduction • ~82% farmers in India are small and marginal with poor resource-base • Insecure livelihood Challenges • Enhancement of farm productivity and income • Increase in SRR and technology adoption • Access to quality seeds of improved varieties • Linkage with market Quality seed and its availability – key to success
  3. 3. Growth in Area under Improved Varieties of Cereals in 1980 and 2000Indian Agricultural Research Institute Source:: Evenson & Gollin (2003) CABI
  4. 4. Partnership-based Seed Production SystemIndian Agricultural Research Institute • Model 1: Production through progressive farmers for meeting local demands through sale/exchange • Model 2: Production through progressive farmers with buy-back arrangement by an institution • Model 3: Seed production & marketing through farmers’ association • Model 4: Promotion of Institution-led farmers’ seed company for seed production and marketing
  5. 5. Indian Agricultural Research Institute Operationalization of Model 1& 2 • Training of innovative farmers, formal MoUs for quality control and buy – back arrangement • Seeds of improved varieties produced through farmer participatory approach • Village level farmer - to - farmer seed exchange/selling to fellow and distant farmers directly • Impact: Emergence of a group of entrepreneurs & formation of producer company
  6. 6. Model 3 : Seed production & distribution by Farmers’ Association - a success storyIndian Agricultural Research Institute • YFA started systematic operation in 2009 in Punjab, India • Decentralized seed production of rice & wheat • Produced during 2010-11 • 80 t of rice (PB1121) from 20 ha • 45 t of wheat (HD 2967) from 11 ha Monetary gain: Rice - 60,000 US$ | Due to seed Wheat – 16,000 US$ | production Area to be covered - during next crop season Rice ~4,000 ha Wheat ~450 ha
  7. 7. Model 4 : Institution-led Farmers’ Seed Company for Seed Production and MarketingIndian Agricultural Research Institute Promotion of Producer Company of farmers for effective market linkage • Akriti - A seed producer company (1994) with public funding and technical support from ICRISAT – deals with pea nut, gram, red gram & rice, annual turn over 0.2 million US $ • Beej India - IARI-led producer Company, estd. in 2011, traded 260 t of seeds in 1st yr of its establishment • Action for Social Advancement (ASA) - mobilized 50,000 farmers to federate in >20 producer co. Annual production 10,000t seeds with turn over of 6 million US $
  8. 8. Public – Civil Partnership: for Inclusive Growth IARI- VO PartnershipIndian Agricultural Research Institute Spiraling impact : more coverage VO8 PRDF, Gorakhpur VO7 VO9 Contact DRI, Chitrakoot YFAP, Rakhra Farmer2 Contact Contact Farmer1 Farmer3 VO6 VO1 GSVS, Mathura I.A.R.I MVS, Bilaspur VO1 Contact Contact Farmer7 Farmer4 VO5 VO2 NEFORD, Lucknow AKKA, J&K Contact Farmer6 VO4 VO3 Jiwania, Lucknow VARDAN, Chhapra Farmer2 VO Farmer1 Farmer3 Technology & Capacity Bldg Contact IARI VO CF Farmer Farmer1 Feedback Farmer7 Farmer4 32 VOs in 17 VO Farmer6 states, networking 20,000
  9. 9. Public – Private Partnership for TOT IARI-Seed Companies/TCS/ITCIndian Agricultural Research Institute • Partnership with 35 seed companies led to production of 1,600 t of seed of wheat cv. HD 2967- in great demand • IARI-TCS partnership for mobile- based agro-advisory services • IARI-ITC partnership upscaled 75 farmers’ demonstrations with 30 q of seeds to retaining 75 t of seeds, which is likely to benefit another 2,000 farmers
  10. 10. Socio-Economic and Technological ImpactIndian Agricultural Research Institute • Development of sustainable and decentralized hubs of knowledge, technology and seed production (often larger mass of farmers remain unattended technology divide) • Enhancement of crop productivity (50 to 100%) • Wider dissemination of improved technology • Promotion of Community-based solutions and networking for social learning • Augmentation of entrepreneurship in rural areas • Enhancement of partners’ credibility • Enhanced degree of grassroots empowerment and inclusive growth of small and marginal farmers
  11. 11. Indian Agricultural Research Institute Lessons for Outscaling • Pre-requisite for partnership-based extension models: • capacity building • technological backstopping • Joint programming with shared responsibility & mutual trust • Mechanism for effective and regular monitoring • Joint accountability with social audit to avoid breach of trust • Incentives for partnership-based initiatives PPCP-based approaches lead to inclusive growth
  12. 12. Participatory Seed Production - a Major Contributor to Success of Basmati 1121Indian Agricultural Research Institute
  13. 13. Indian Agricultural Research Institute