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Discovering Accessible
Educational Resources
via Schema.org and LR
ATIA 2014
Food for Thought…

Page 2
Food for Thought…

Page 3
Food for Thought…

Page 4
Food for Thought…

Page 5
Food for Thought…

Page 6
Food for Thought…

Page 7
Food for Thought…

Page 8
Food for Thought…

Page 9
How it Works – Schema.org
Schema.org metadata describes
‘things’ on the web as agreed upon by
the major search engines to ...
Recipe Metadata Example
<div itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Recipe">
<div itemprop="nutrition” itemscope itemtype="...
Learning Resources Metadata

Page 12
Why Now? Kinda’ Perfect Storm
Goal: Make it easier and more convenient to find learning resources that
meet specific stude...
The	
  LRMI	
  Proper-es	
  v1	
  (lrmi.net/the-­‐specifica-on)	
  
General	
  Terms	
  (Schema.org):
Educa-onal	
  Terms:	...
http://209.7.195.215:90/Search.aspx

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What About Accessibility?
Addressing the needs of ALL Students
Discover Learning Resources based on disability
needs and l...
Leveraging Access For All
● 

Gates Foundation funded Benetech to develop a
Schema.org proposal for Accessibility Metadata...
Accepted 1.0 Properties
AccessibilityFeature	
  

•  alterna-veText,	
  longdescrip-on,	
  
MathML,	
  cap-ons,	
  transcr...
Proposed 1.1 Properties
AccessMode	
  

•  auditory,	
  textual,	
  visual,	
  
colorDependent,	
  …	
  

hasAdapta-on	
  ...
Application to Books Part 1
<span itemscope=”” itemtype=”http://schema.org/Book”>
<meta itemprop=”accessMode” content=”tex...
Application to Books Part 2
<meta itemprop="hasAdaptation" content="https://
www.bookshare.org/…&downloadFormat=DAISY_TEXT...
Application to Books Part 3
<div class="adaptationLinks”>
<span itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Book">
<meta itempro...
The End Result
Search for “history” titles on Bookshare and filter by
presence of image descriptions:

http://www.a11ymetad...
Application to Web Pages
<div itemscope=”” itemtype=”http://schema.org/Blog”>
<meta itemprop=”accessMode” content=”textual...
Application to Video
<div itemscope=”” itemtype=”http://schema.org/Movie”>
<meta itemprop=”accessMode” content=”visual”/>
...
Video Search Can Be Fixed

● 
● 
● 

Closed-captioned search limited to YouTube domain
https://www.google.com/search?q=sit...
Application to Images
<span itemscope=”” itemtype=”http://schema.org/
ImageObject”>
<meta itemprop=”accessMode” content=”v...
Adoption Status
● 

Bookshare book detail pages are tagged

● 

Learning Registry integration with Free.Ed.gov
–  Bookshar...
OERPUB Editor Integration

Page 30
Upcoming Filters for Free.Ed.Gov

Page 31
Resources and Contact Info
● 

http://schema.org
http://lrmi.net

● 

http://a11ymetadata.org

● 

http://bornaccessible.o...
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Discovering Accessible Educational Resources via Schema.org and Learning Registry (ATIA 2014)

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Transcript of "Discovering Accessible Educational Resources via Schema.org and Learning Registry (ATIA 2014)"

  1. 1. Discovering Accessible Educational Resources via Schema.org and LR ATIA 2014
  2. 2. Food for Thought… Page 2
  3. 3. Food for Thought… Page 3
  4. 4. Food for Thought… Page 4
  5. 5. Food for Thought… Page 5
  6. 6. Food for Thought… Page 6
  7. 7. Food for Thought… Page 7
  8. 8. Food for Thought… Page 8
  9. 9. Food for Thought… Page 9
  10. 10. How it Works – Schema.org Schema.org metadata describes ‘things’ on the web as agreed upon by the major search engines to improve search & discoverability Page 10
  11. 11. Recipe Metadata Example <div itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Recipe"> <div itemprop="nutrition” itemscope itemtype="http:// schema.org/NutritionInformation"> Nutrition facts: <span itemprop="calories">240 calories</span>, </div> Ingredients: - <span itemprop="ingredients">3 or 4 ripe bananas, smashed</span> - <span itemprop="ingredients">1 egg</span> Page 11
  12. 12. Learning Resources Metadata Page 12
  13. 13. Why Now? Kinda’ Perfect Storm Goal: Make it easier and more convenient to find learning resources that meet specific student and class needs. Curriculum and Accessibility Standards LRMI Schema.org Intersection of three opportunities Resource Registries (Learning Registry) from a representation by Brandt Redd, Gates Foundation Page 13 1
  14. 14. The  LRMI  Proper-es  v1  (lrmi.net/the-­‐specifica-on)   General  Terms  (Schema.org): Educa-onal  Terms:   •  intendedEndUserRole   •  -tle/name •  educa-onalUse       •  URL •  -meRequired   •  Descrip-on •  typicalAgeRange       •  Image •  interac-vityType       •  Topic •  learningResourceType   •  created  (date) Competency  related:   •  Creator •  educa-onalAlignment   •  Publisher •  Descrip-on   •  inLanguage •  URL   •  Mediatype •  Alignment  Type     •  technologiesRequired •  educa-onalFramework   •  technologiesRecommended   •  targetDescrip-on   •  targetName   •  Use  RightsURL •  targetURL   •  is  based  on       Page 14
  15. 15. http://209.7.195.215:90/Search.aspx Page 15
  16. 16. Page 16
  17. 17. What About Accessibility? Addressing the needs of ALL Students Discover Learning Resources based on disability needs and learner preferences ●  Compatible with AT, WCAG guidelines ●  Leverage MathML, tactile graphics and image descriptions Have closed-captioned video ●  Page 17
  18. 18. Leveraging Access For All ●  Gates Foundation funded Benetech to develop a Schema.org proposal for Accessibility Metadata that would be complementary to LRMI ●  Benetech assembled a broad Working Group of experts –  AEP (LRMI), APH, Dublin Core, EDItEUR (ONIX), Gooru Learning, IMS Global, IDRC, NCAM, SRI (Learning Registry) ●  Proposal accepted by Schema.org in November 2013 –  Influenced heavily by IMS Global Access for All –  Released under a Creative Commons BY-SA License Page 18
  19. 19. Accepted 1.0 Properties AccessibilityFeature   •  alterna-veText,  longdescrip-on,   MathML,  cap-ons,  transcript,  …   AccessibilityHazard   •  noFlashingHazard,  mo-onSimula-on,   noSoundHazard,  …   AccessibilityAPI   AccessibilityControl   •  AndroidAccessibility,  ARIA,   MacOSXAccessibility,  ...   •  fullKeyboardControl,   fullTouchControl,  ...   http://Schema.org/CreativeWork Page 19
  20. 20. Proposed 1.1 Properties AccessMode   •  auditory,  textual,  visual,   colorDependent,  …   hasAdapta-on   •  URI/URL   isAdapta-onOf   •  URI/URL   http://a11ymetadata.org Page 20
  21. 21. Application to Books Part 1 <span itemscope=”” itemtype=”http://schema.org/Book”> <meta itemprop=”accessMode” content=”textual”/> <meta itemprop=”accessMode” content=”visual”/> <meta itemprop=”accessibilityFeature” content=”longDescription”/> <meta itemprop=”accessibilityFeature” content=”structuralNavigation”/> <meta itemprop=”accessibilityFeature” content=”MathML”/> … Page 21
  22. 22. Application to Books Part 2 <meta itemprop="hasAdaptation" content="https:// www.bookshare.org/…&downloadFormat=DAISY_TEXT_ONLY"/> <meta itemprop="hasAdaptation" content="https:// www.bookshare.org/…&downloadFormat=BRF"/> … Page 22
  23. 23. Application to Books Part 3 <div class="adaptationLinks”> <span itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Book"> <meta itemprop="isAdaptationOf" content="https:// www.bookshare.org/browse/book/679044"/> <meta itemprop="bookFormat" content="Ebook/DAISY3"/> <meta itemprop="accessMode" content="auditory"/> <meta itemprop="accessibilityFeature" content="structuralNavigation"/> <a itemprop="url" href="https://someurl">Audio</a> </span> Page 23
  24. 24. The End Result Search for “history” titles on Bookshare and filter by presence of image descriptions: http://www.a11ymetadata.org/bookshare-tags-over-195000-titles-with-accessibilitymetadata/ Page 24
  25. 25. Application to Web Pages <div itemscope=”” itemtype=”http://schema.org/Blog”> <meta itemprop=”accessMode” content=”textual”/> <meta itemprop=”accessMode” content=”visual”/> <meta itemprop=”accessibilityFeature” content=”alternativeText”/> <meta itemprop=”accessibilityFeature” content=”longDescription”/> <meta itemprop=”accessibilityFeature” content=”displayTransformability”/> BLOG CONTENT HERE </div> Page 25
  26. 26. Application to Video <div itemscope=”” itemtype=”http://schema.org/Movie”> <meta itemprop=”accessMode” content=”visual”/> <meta itemprop=”accessMode” content=”auditory”/> <meta itemprop=”accessibilityFeature” content=”audioDescription”/> <meta itemprop=”accessibilityFeature” content=”captions”/> YOUR VIDEO HTML CODE HERE </div> Page 26
  27. 27. Video Search Can Be Fixed ●  ●  ●  Closed-captioned search limited to YouTube domain https://www.google.com/search?q=site:archive.org +%22Dame+Tartine%22&tbm=vid&tbs=cc:1 Should also be extended to audio description Page 27
  28. 28. Application to Images <span itemscope=”” itemtype=”http://schema.org/ ImageObject”> <meta itemprop=”accessMode” content=”visual”/> <meta itemprop=”accessMode” content=”tactile”/> <meta itemprop=”accessMode” content=”auditory”/> <meta itemprop=”accessibilityFeature” content=”tactileGraphic”/> <meta itemprop="accessibilityFeature" content="braille"/> <meta itemprop="learningResourceType" content="illustration" /> <meta itemprop="typicalAgeRange" content="15-16" /> IMAGE HTML MARKUP HERE </span> Page 28
  29. 29. Adoption Status ●  Bookshare book detail pages are tagged ●  Learning Registry integration with Free.Ed.gov –  Bookshare and Khan Academy videos ●  EPUB 3.0.1 support Schema.org metadata –  which includes LRMI and soon accessibility properties ●  Wordpress Plugin for Captions (YouTube Lyte) ●  Exploring use for accessible image registry ●  In discussions with eBook publishers, distributors and tool providers Page 29
  30. 30. OERPUB Editor Integration Page 30
  31. 31. Upcoming Filters for Free.Ed.Gov Page 31
  32. 32. Resources and Contact Info ●  http://schema.org http://lrmi.net ●  http://a11ymetadata.org ●  http://bornaccessible.org ●  Gerardo Capiel gerardoc@benetech.org Twitter: @gcapiel Page 32
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