Discovering Accessible
Educational Resources
via Schema.org and LR
EDUPUB 2
http://tinyurl.com/schema-a11y-edupub
Food for Thought…

http://tinyurl.com/schema-a11y-edupub

Page 2
Food for Thought…

http://tinyurl.com/schema-a11y-edupub

Page 3
Food for Thought…

http://tinyurl.com/schema-a11y-edupub

Page 4
Food for Thought…

http://tinyurl.com/schema-a11y-edupub

Page 5
Food for Thought…

http://tinyurl.com/schema-a11y-edupub

Page 6
Food for Thought…

http://tinyurl.com/schema-a11y-edupub

Page 7
Food for Thought…

http://tinyurl.com/schema-a11y-edupub

Page 8
Food for Thought…

http://tinyurl.com/schema-a11y-edupub

Page 9
How it Works – Schema.org
Schema.org metadata describes
‘things’ on the web as agreed upon by
the major search engines to ...
Recipe Metadata Example
<div itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Recipe">
<div itemprop="nutrition” itemscope itemtype="...
What About Accessibility?
Addressing the needs of ALL Students
Discover Learning Resources based on disability
needs and l...
Leveraging Access For All
● 

Gates Foundation funded Benetech to develop a
Schema.org proposal for Accessibility Metadata...
Accepted 1.0 Properties
AccessibilityFeature	
  

•  alterna(veText,	
  longdescrip(on,	
  
MathML,	
  cap(ons,	
  transcr...
Proposed 1.1 Properties
AccessMode	
  

•  auditory,	
  textual,	
  visual,	
  
colorDependent,	
  …	
  

hasAdapta(on	
  ...
Application to Books Part 1
<span itemscope=”” itemtype=”http://schema.org/Book”>
<meta itemprop=”accessMode” content=”tex...
Application to Books Part 2
<meta itemprop="hasAdaptation" content="https://
www.bookshare.org/…&downloadFormat=DAISY_TEXT...
Application to Books Part 3
<div class="adaptationLinks”>
<span itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Book">
<meta itempro...
The End Result
Search for “history” titles on Bookshare and filter by
presence of image descriptions:

http://www.a11ymetad...
Application to Web Pages
<div itemscope=”” itemtype=”http://schema.org/Blog”>
<meta itemprop=”accessMode” content=”textual...
Application to Video
<div itemscope=”” itemtype=”http://schema.org/Movie”>
<meta itemprop=”accessMode” content=”visual”/>
...
Video Search Can Be Fixed

● 
● 
● 

Closed-captioned search limited to YouTube domain
https://www.google.com/search?q=sit...
Application to Images
<span itemscope=”” itemtype=”http://schema.org/
ImageObject”>
<meta itemprop=”accessMode” content=”v...
Adoption Status
● 

Bookshare.org has implemented

● 

Learning Registry integration with Free.Ed.gov
–  Bookshare and Kha...
OERPUB Editor Integration

Page 25
Resources and Contact Info
● 
● 

http://schema.org
http://a11ymetadata.org

Gerardo Capiel
gerardoc@benetech.org
Twitter:...
Links Referenced In Prez
● 

https://www.google.com/search?q=pecan+pie&tbm=rcp&tbs=rcp_cal:500

● 

http://www.google.com/...
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Discovering Accessible Educational Resources via Schema.org and the Learning Registry

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Discovering Accessible Educational Resources via Schema.org and the Learning Registry

  1. 1. Discovering Accessible Educational Resources via Schema.org and LR EDUPUB 2 http://tinyurl.com/schema-a11y-edupub
  2. 2. Food for Thought… http://tinyurl.com/schema-a11y-edupub Page 2
  3. 3. Food for Thought… http://tinyurl.com/schema-a11y-edupub Page 3
  4. 4. Food for Thought… http://tinyurl.com/schema-a11y-edupub Page 4
  5. 5. Food for Thought… http://tinyurl.com/schema-a11y-edupub Page 5
  6. 6. Food for Thought… http://tinyurl.com/schema-a11y-edupub Page 6
  7. 7. Food for Thought… http://tinyurl.com/schema-a11y-edupub Page 7
  8. 8. Food for Thought… http://tinyurl.com/schema-a11y-edupub Page 8
  9. 9. Food for Thought… http://tinyurl.com/schema-a11y-edupub Page 9
  10. 10. How it Works – Schema.org Schema.org metadata describes ‘things’ on the web as agreed upon by the major search engines to improve search & discoverability http://tinyurl.com/schema-a11y-edupub Page 10
  11. 11. Recipe Metadata Example <div itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Recipe"> <div itemprop="nutrition” itemscope itemtype="http:// schema.org/NutritionInformation"> Nutrition facts: <span itemprop="calories">240 calories</span>, </div> Ingredients: - <span itemprop="ingredients">3 or 4 ripe bananas, smashed</span> - <span itemprop="ingredients">1 egg</span> http://tinyurl.com/schema-a11y-edupub Page 11
  12. 12. What About Accessibility? Addressing the needs of ALL Students Discover Learning Resources based on disability needs and learner preferences ●  Compatible with AT, WCAG guidelines ●  Leverage MathML, tactile graphics and image descriptions Have closed-captioned video ●  http://tinyurl.com/schema-a11y-edupub Page 12
  13. 13. Leveraging Access For All ●  Gates Foundation funded Benetech to develop a Schema.org proposal for Accessibility Metadata that would be complementary to LRMI ●  Benetech assembled a broad Working Group of experts –  AEP (LRMI), APH, Dublin Core, EDItEUR (ONIX), Gooru Learning, IMS Global, IDRC, NCAM, SRI (Learning Registry) ●  Proposal accepted by Schema.org in November 2013 –  Influenced heavily by IMS Global Access for All –  Released under a Creative Commons BY-SA License http://tinyurl.com/schema-a11y-edupub Page 13
  14. 14. Accepted 1.0 Properties AccessibilityFeature   •  alterna(veText,  longdescrip(on,   MathML,  cap(ons,  transcript,  …   AccessibilityHazard   •  noFlashingHazard,  mo(onSimula(on,   noSoundHazard,  …   AccessibilityAPI   AccessibilityControl   •  AndroidAccessibility,  ARIA,   MacOSXAccessibility,  ...   •  fullKeyboardControl,   fullTouchControl,  ...   http://Schema.org/CreativeWork http://tinyurl.com/schema-a11y-edupub Page 14
  15. 15. Proposed 1.1 Properties AccessMode   •  auditory,  textual,  visual,   colorDependent,  …   hasAdapta(on   •  URI/URL   isAdapta(onOf   •  URI/URL   http://a11ymetadata.org http://tinyurl.com/schema-a11y-edupub Page 15
  16. 16. Application to Books Part 1 <span itemscope=”” itemtype=”http://schema.org/Book”> <meta itemprop=”accessMode” content=”textual”/> <meta itemprop=”accessMode” content=”visual”/> <meta itemprop=”accessibilityFeature” content=”longDescription”/> <meta itemprop=”accessibilityFeature” content=”structuralNavigation”/> <meta itemprop=”accessibilityFeature” content=”MathML”/> … http://tinyurl.com/schema-a11y-edupub Page 16
  17. 17. Application to Books Part 2 <meta itemprop="hasAdaptation" content="https:// www.bookshare.org/…&downloadFormat=DAISY_TEXT_ONLY"/> <meta itemprop="hasAdaptation" content="https:// www.bookshare.org/…&downloadFormat=BRF"/> … http://tinyurl.com/schema-a11y-edupub Page 17
  18. 18. Application to Books Part 3 <div class="adaptationLinks”> <span itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Book"> <meta itemprop="isAdaptationOf" content="https:// www.bookshare.org/browse/book/679044"/> <meta itemprop="bookFormat" content="Ebook/DAISY3"/> <meta itemprop="accessMode" content="auditory"/> <meta itemprop="accessibilityFeature" content="structuralNavigation"/> <a itemprop="url" href="https://someurl">Audio</a> </span> http://tinyurl.com/schema-a11y-edupub Page 18
  19. 19. The End Result Search for “history” titles on Bookshare and filter by presence of image descriptions: http://www.a11ymetadata.org/bookshare-tags-over-195000-titles-with-accessibilitymetadata/ Page 19 http://tinyurl.com/schema-a11y-edupub
  20. 20. Application to Web Pages <div itemscope=”” itemtype=”http://schema.org/Blog”> <meta itemprop=”accessMode” content=”textual”/> <meta itemprop=”accessMode” content=”visual”/> <meta itemprop=”accessibilityFeature” content=”alternativeText”/> <meta itemprop=”accessibilityFeature” content=”longDescription”/> <meta itemprop=”accessibilityFeature” content=”displayTransformability”/> BLOG CONTENT HERE </div> http://tinyurl.com/schema-a11y-edupub Page 20
  21. 21. Application to Video <div itemscope=”” itemtype=”http://schema.org/Movie”> <meta itemprop=”accessMode” content=”visual”/> <meta itemprop=”accessMode” content=”auditory”/> <meta itemprop=”accessibilityFeature” content=”audioDescription”/> <meta itemprop=”accessibilityFeature” content=”captions”/> YOUR VIDEO HTML CODE HERE </div> http://tinyurl.com/schema-a11y-edupub Page 21
  22. 22. Video Search Can Be Fixed ●  ●  ●  Closed-captioned search limited to YouTube domain https://www.google.com/search?q=site:archive.org +%22Dame+Tartine%22&tbm=vid&tbs=cc:1 Should also be extended to audio description http://tinyurl.com/schema-a11y-edupub Page 22
  23. 23. Application to Images <span itemscope=”” itemtype=”http://schema.org/ ImageObject”> <meta itemprop=”accessMode” content=”visual”/> <meta itemprop=”accessMode” content=”tactile”/> <meta itemprop=”accessMode” content=”auditory”/> <meta itemprop=”accessibilityFeature” content=”tactileGraphic”/> <meta itemprop="accessibilityFeature" content="braille"/> <meta itemprop="learningResourceType" content="illustration" /> <meta itemprop="typicalAgeRange" content="15-16" /> IMAGE HTML MARKUP HERE </span> http://tinyurl.com/schema-a11y-edupub Page 23
  24. 24. Adoption Status ●  Bookshare.org has implemented ●  Learning Registry integration with Free.Ed.gov –  Bookshare and Khan Academy videos ●  EPUB 3.0.1 support Schema.org metadata ●  Wordpress Plugin for Captions (YouTube Lyte) ●  Exploring use for accessible image registry ●  Need more funding for evangelism and tool development http://tinyurl.com/schema-a11y-edupub Page 24
  25. 25. OERPUB Editor Integration Page 25
  26. 26. Resources and Contact Info ●  ●  http://schema.org http://a11ymetadata.org Gerardo Capiel gerardoc@benetech.org Twitter: @gcapiel http://tinyurl.com/schema-a11y-edupub Page 26
  27. 27. Links Referenced In Prez ●  https://www.google.com/search?q=pecan+pie&tbm=rcp&tbs=rcp_cal:500 ●  http://www.google.com/webmasters/tools/richsnippets?q=http%3A%2F%2Fallrecipes.com%2Frecipe %2Fpecan-pie-v%2F ●  http://www.google.com/cse?cx=001043429226464649088:WMX1711548652&q=science +more:p:book-typicalAgeRange:13+more:p:book-accessibilityfeature:alternativetext,longdescription ●  https://www.google.com/search?q=dame+tartine+site:archive.org&tbm=vid&tbs=cc:1 ●  http://www.google.com/cse?cx=001043429226464649088:WMX1711548652&q=wgbh%20more %3Ap%3Avideoobject-accessibilityfeature:captions ●  http://www.google.com/cse?cx=001043429226464649088:WMX1711548652&q=video%20description %20tutorial%20more%3Ap%3Avideoobject-accessibilityfeature:audiodescription ●  http://www.google.com/cse?cx=001043429226464649088:WMX1711548652&q=ecology%20more %3Ap%3Aimageobject-accessibilityfeature%3AtactileGraphic ●  http://www.thingiverse.com/thing:127089 ●  http://learningregistry.org/ ●  https://node01.public.learningregistry.net/apps/EasyPublish/#login ●  http://free.ed.gov/?page_id=6&query=fittle%20fish&type=index ●  http://www.a11ymetadata.org/implementations/learning-registry-search-demo/ http://tinyurl.com/schema-a11y-edupub Page 27
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