Australian social innovation from a Canadian social innovation perspective


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On November 30, 2011 Tim Draimin delivered a public webinar as part of the Canadian Social Impact Series presented by SiG. He examined the synergies and points of difference between the Australian and Canadian social innovation ecosystems.

He observed remarkable progress in social innovation during a visit to Australia in November. He concludes with some questions about how Canadians can learn from and adopt some of Australia's best practices.

To see the full webinar visit:

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Australian social innovation from a Canadian social innovation perspective

  1. 1. From  Canada  to  Oz  and  Back   What  does  Australia  say  to  Canada  about   Social  Innova7on  (and  Social  Finance)?   The  Coles  Notes  version…     Tim  Draimin   Execu7ve  Director  Social  Innova7on  Genera7on  (SiG)   Webinar,  November  30,  2011  
  2. 2. What  Can  Canada  Learn  from  OZ?  Q  How  do  our  ecosystems  compare  and  what   have  been  Australia’s  catalyst  ini7a7ves  and   ins7tu7ons?  Q  What  incuba7ng  ideas  might  we  borrow  from   Australia?  Q  How  can  we  strengthen  a  two-­‐way  pipeline  of   exchange  and  learning  between  the  two   countries?  
  3. 3. ARE  CANADA  AND    AUSTRALIA  DIFFERENT?   Are  Canada  and  Australia  Different?  
  4. 4. Canada  &  Australia  Compared  TYPE    ê                      COUNTRYè   CANADA   AUSTRALIA  Popula7on  (2011)   34,663,000   22,775,177  Density   3.41/km2  (8.3/sq  mi)   1103/km²  (2,856.8/sq  mi)  Founding   1867   1804  Area   9,984,670  km2  (2nd)   7,617,930  km2  (6th)   (3,854,085  sq  mi)   (2,941,299  sq  mi)  Annual  Immigra7on   280,681  (2010)   168  685  (2010)  #  Non  Profits  &  Chari7es   there  are  over  161,000   there  are  an  es7mated     nonprofits  and  chari7es  in   700,000  nonprofits  and   Canada   chari7es  in  Australia  #  of  States/Provinces/ 10  Provinces  and  2   6  States  and  3  Territories  Territories   Territories  HDI  Ranking  (2011)   6   2  GCR  Ranking  (2011)   12   20  
  5. 5. Defini7ons  of  Social  Innova7on   CANADA                                      AUSTRALIA  •  SiG:  Social  innova*on  is  an   •  TACSI:  New  ideas  that  meet   ini*a*ve,  product  or  process  or   social  needs   program  that  profoundly  changes   the  basic  rou*nes,  resource  and   •  Australian  Social  Innova*on   authority  flows  or  beliefs  of  any   eXchange  (ASIX):refers  to  new   social  system   strategies,  concepts,  ideas  and   organiza*ons  that  meet  social  •  CSI:  Social  Innova*on  refers  to   needs  of  all  kinds  -­‐  from  working   new  ideas  that  resolve  exis*ng   condi*ons  and  educa*on  to   social,  cultural,  economic  and   community  development  and   environmental  challenges  for  the   health  -­‐  and  that  extend  and   benefit  of  people  and  planet   strengthen  civil  society  •  BC  Advisory  Council:  “seeing   things  differently  and  imagining   that  which  could  be.  It  is  about   asking  ques*ons  of  ourselves  and   our  ins*tu*ons  and  wondering   whether  we  can  do  beBer.”  
  6. 6. Charles Leadbeater’s Schema for Mapping Social Innovation  Competing and complementary strategies   Location Inside Outside Innovation Type Improve Combine Sustaining Disruptive Reinvent Transform
  7. 7. Charles Leadbeater’s schema for mapping Social innovation strategies     Location Inside Outside Innovation Type Sustaining Improve Combine Same ends & better Same ends but broader version existing mix of means means Disruptive Reinvent Transform Redesign Different ends, professional different means solutions around revised goals
  8. 8. VISULIZE  ACTIVITIES  WITH  TIMELINES!   Social  InnovaAon  Spectrum  -­‐  Canada   Micro   Macro   Mezo   Small  scale,   Mid  scale,   Whole  system   Community,   change,   Cross-­‐sector   Kaizen,   Tri-­‐sector,   Incremental     Disrup7ve   Social innovations grouped along the spectrum
  9. 9. Australian  SI  Ecosystem  
  10. 10. The  Australian  Centre  for  Social  Innova7on  (TACSI)  exists  to  iden7fy  and  support  the  innova7ve  ideas,  methods  and  people  that  will  contribute  to  and  accelerate  posi7ve  social  change.    To  turn  bold  ideas  into  bemer  lives.    
  11. 11. PROTOTYPING In prototyping we will run a small version of FbyF in order to test our hunches and develop interactions that really do begin to change family behaviors. We’ll recruit families, run family to family experiences, train practitioners and use what we learn to improve our ideas. This page sets out our concept prior to prototyping. HELP & OPPORTUNITIESOur  problem?  Too  many  families-­‐in-­‐ FOR ALL FAMILIEScrisis,  interfacing  with  state  systems,   Join, volunteer Opportunities to Help with new Help with money, Help with kids or work for FbyF 3 try new things life stages home food & behavior A MOVEMENT OF cooking FAMILIES HELPING FAMILIES FAMILY BY FAMILY VISIONand  too  few  families  thriving   Inspiration & know how Learning experiences & events Families getting more from each other, communities and life. Person-to-person support FAMILY BY FAMILY MISSION 2 Investing in families to develop each other and services Sys THEORY OF CHANGEOur  process?  A  design  +  policy  process   tem Exposing coping families to thriving s ls Training & too families and immersive experiences will cultivate thriving behaviours & mindsets.which  works  with  people  to  reset   LOCAL TEAM OF STATE HUB FAMILY BY FAMILY BELIEFS ITERATION NO 1outcomes,  co-­‐design  ideas,  prototype   THRIVING FAMILIES 1 Fa Feedback 4 Better families = better communitiessolu7ons,  and  build  the  case  for  scale.     m ili es Great families help people 6 5 to grow & to explore Workforce Organisational No family is ever perfect development development All families can change All families need to change with time The Family by Family conceptOur  outcomes?  Prevent  2-­‐3  children   Families are best helped by 1 In each city, a core of thriving families join, other families volunteer and work for FbyFfrom  going  into  crisis  care.  Allowing   2 Thriving families in the local teams provide: - inspiration and know-how - learning experiences & events SHAPING FAMILY SERVICES - person-to-person support.more  money  to  go  into  preven7on   3 Families outside the local team are attracted to the five offers: - Join, volunteer or work for FbyFprogram   - Opportunies to try new things - Help with new life stages - Help with money stuff, home & food - Help with kids behaviour 4 The city teams are recruited and supported to help other families by the state hub 5 The state hub shapes services provided to families by NGO’s and government by providing tools and training. 6 Local teams support the state hub with training local services.
  12. 12. THE  ACTION  LEARNING  CYCLE    At  the  School  for  Social  Entrepreneurs  (SSE),  our  vision  is  to  see  a  world  powered  by  passionate  people,  crea7ng  real  and  tangible  change  throughout  society  and  in  their  communi7es.  
  13. 13. SVA  believes  that  major  bomlenecks  currently  exist  in  the  social  sector  which  are  preven7ng  the  achievement  of  effec7ve  social  change.  We  also  believe  that  liqing  educa7on  and  employment  par7cipa7on  levels  is  the  most  effec7ve  founda7on  for  achieving  sustainable,  broad  based  and  breakthrough  change  in  disadvantaged  communi7es.  
  14. 14. Social  innova7on  in  Western  Australia  is  a  community  driven  organisa7on  working  to  support  Social  Entrepreneurs  and  Social  Innovators  in  Western  Australia.   Our  Purpose            “Support  entrepreneurs,  communi7es,  and   business  to  deliver  social  good  through   innova7ve  means.”  
  15. 15. Social  Traders  will  support  the  growth  of  social  enterprise  by  strengthening  individual  enterprises  and  building  a  robust  and  cohesive  sector.  In  the  future,  we  expect  to  see  commercially  viable  social  enterprises  making  a  greater  contribu7on  to  a  dynamic  economy  and  a  more  inclusive  society.      Our  Purpose  To  support  and  encourage  the  development  of  commercially  viable  social  enterprises  in  Australia.  
  16. 16. The  community  where   changemakers  connect  Our  Mission    To  build  networks  to  connect  Australia’s  social  Change-­‐makers  with  the  right  people,  tools,  investments  and  knowledge.  
  17. 17. Australian  Senate  Report  –  November  2011   Inves7ng  for  Good:  the  development  of  a  capital   market  for  the  not-­‐for-­‐profit  sector  in  Australia  •  “The  central  recommenda7on  of  this  report  is  that  a  Social  Finance   Taskforce  should  be  established…similar  to  that  which  has  operated   successfully  in  the  United  Kingdom  and  Canada…”  •  “using  tax  incen*ves  to  encourage  investment”  in  social  enterprise  •  “exis7ng  government  programs  suppor*ng  small  businesses…could   be  extended  to  social  enterprises”  •  “development  of  a  measurement  framework…[that  is]  flexible  and   allow  for  a  number  of  measurement  methodologies.  It  should   consider  the  sensi7vi7es  surrounding  beneficiaries  and  the  core   social  objec7ve  of  organisa7ons”  
  18. 18. Australia  Government  InnovaAon:     Social  Enterprise  Development  and   Investment  Funds  (SEDIF)  Matched  AUD$  10  m  in  partnership  with:     Matched  AUD$6  m  • Triodos   FCF  is  a  Community  Development  Finance  • Community  Sector  Banking  (joint  venture   Ins7tu7on  (CDFI)  based  in  Brisbane,  of  20  NPOs  and  Bendigo  Bank)   Queensland  using  community  finance  and  • Macquarie  Group  Founda7on   social  investment  to  service  and  support  • The  NSW  Aboriginal  Land  Council   people,  non-­‐profit  organiza7ons  and  social  • Bush  Heritage  Australia   enterprises  who  are  disadvantaged  and  • The  University  of  Sydney  Business   underserved  by  mainstream  financial  School’s  Innova7on  &  Entrepreneurship   ins7tu7ons.    Research  Group  
  19. 19. CreaAng  sustainable  value  for  society  and  investors   The  role  of  Social  Finance  (Australia)  is  to  create   new  financial  products  that  can  generate  market   comparable  returns  for  our  investors,  whilst   delivering  sustainable  investment  capital  for   investment  in  social  change.  
  20. 20. GoodStart  Australia’s  largest  early  learning   provider,  opera7ng  in  all  States  &  Territories,   employing  15,000+  staff  to  care  for  &  educate   72,000  children  &  support  60,000  families.   GoodStart  has  set   Our  vision  is  for   three  Strategic  Goals  for  the   next  three  years  Australia’s  children  to  have  the  best  possible   1.  Quality:     start  in  life   Raise  the  quality  of  learning   2.  Inclusion:   Our  Mission   Enable  all  children’s  access   Our  mission  is  to  provide  high-­‐quality   to  and  inclusion  in  early   accessible,  affordable  community-­‐ childhood  programs     connected  early  learning  in  our  centres,   as  well  as  partner  and  openly  collaborate   with  the  sector  to  drive  change  for  the   3.  Stability:    Ensure  financial  stability  to   benefit  of  all  children.   generate  a  surplus  to   reinvest  into  quality  and   inclusion  ini77a7ves.  
  21. 21. Thought  Leadership   Speakers   Ezio  Manzini   Charles  Leadbeater   Chris7an  Bason   Dan  Hill   Tonya  Surman  
  22. 22. Social  Innova7on    Summit  2008  •  Na7onal,  trisectoral  •  Issue  focused  •  SI  Principles  •  Policy  Recommenda7ons     –  Address finance and regulation via a Regulatory Commission for the social sector to set, administer national standards of transparency and accountability in the not-for-profit sector, removing duplication, reducing reporting burdens on social enterprises –  Create a Board for the Social Economy brokering information and providing funds to support social innovation, a separate body with responsibility for sustaining cross-sector dialogue, mapping and measuring performance in social innovation, and promoting best practice. –  Three new funds to support social innovation, anchored by governments with additional funding from businesses and individuals
  23. 23. Social  Innova7on  Summit  2011   “Collabora7on  for  Par7cipa7on”  Australian  society  needs  to  work  “collabora7vely,  harnessing  List aoftalent  from  across  the  sectors  and  direc7ng  those  funding   nd   participantsresources  to  support  programs  and  ins7tu7ons  which  have  a  clear  and  long  term  evidence  base  to  drive  outcomes  that  address  social  disadvantage”  Rosemary Addis, Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations, Social Innovation Strategist • The  0-­‐5  Agenda:  from  childcare  to  early  learning  Barbara Barkley, Telstra Foundation, National Manager • Suppor7ng  kids  to  achieve:  access  and  equity  Sean Barrett, Origin Foundation, Head of FoundationJessica Brown, Centre for Independent Studies, Research Fellow • Crea7ng  pathways  to  study  or  work  Andrew Coogan, Of ce for Not for Pro t Sector PM&C, Senior Adviser • From  exclusion  to  inclusion:  bridges  to  economic  Nigel Cowan, Social Finance Pty Ltd, Chief Executive Officer par7cipa7on  Robin Crawford, Goodstart Childcare Limited, ChairmanDavid Crosbie, Community Council for Australia, Chief Executive OfficerJulia Davison, Goodstart Childcare Limited, Chief Executive OfficerKirsten Deane, National Disability and Carer Alliance, Executive DirectorTim Draimin, Social Innovation Generation, Executive DirectorPip Duigan, South Australian Department for Education and Child DevelopmentDirector, Youth Engagement and InclusionPaul Edginton, Service to Youth Council, Chief Executive Officer
  24. 24. Public  Sector  Innova7on  
  25. 25. What  Can  Canada  Learn  from  OZ?  Q  How  do  our  ecosystems  compare  and  what   have  been  Australia’s  catalyst  ini7a7ves  and   ins7tu7ons?  Q  What  incuba7ng  ideas  might  we  borrow  from   Australia?  Q  How  can  we  strengthen  a  two-­‐way  pipeline  of   exchange  and  learning  between  the  two   countries?  
  26. 26. Australian  SI  Ecosystem  
  27. 27. VISULIZE  ACTIVITIES  WITH  TIMELINES!   Social  InnovaAon  Spectrum  -­‐  Australia   Micro   Macro   Mezo   Small  scale,   Mid  scale,   Whole  system   Community,   change,   Cross-­‐sector   Kaizen,   Tri-­‐sector,   Incremental     Disrup7ve   Social innovations grouped along the spectrum
  28. 28. Ecosystems  Compared  TYPE    ê                      COUNTRYè   CANADA   AUSTRALIA  SI  ASSOCIATION   n/a   ASIX  PARTNERSHIPS   SiG   CSI  ACADEMIC  CENTRES   WISIR,  QCRL,  Research  Impact   CSI  RESEARCH   Task  Force  on  Social  Finance,   Produc7vity  Council  Report   Imagine  Canada  Monitor  PHYSICAL  HUBS   CSI,  10  Carden,  The  Hub   The  Hub  SOCIAL  FINANCE  PROVIDER   CES,  SEF,  CFF,  CAIC,  Cus,     FCF,  SEFA,  CSB,    SOCIAL  FINANCE  HUB   CII  (MaRS)  SE  CAPACITY  BUILDERS   ENPs,  TEF,  TRICO,  SSE,  ACSE<? SSE,  SBA,    SiiWA,  etc   >,  CCSE,  etc  HI-­‐PROFILE  BUSINESSES   Vancity   GoodStart  PRIVATE  SECTOR  ACTORS   Cisco,  KPMG,  Bain,  PWC,  E&Y,   Cisco,  KPMG,  Monitor,  PWC,   Summerhill  Group   Macquarie,    PROVINCES  or  STATES  ACTIVE     ON,  BC,  AB,  NS,  NFLD,  PQ   Victoria,  SA,  NSW  FEDERAL  PARLIAMENT   HOUSE  CTTE  (NPO  Finance)   SENATE  CTTE  (NPO  Finance)  
  29. 29. Nascent  Observa7ons  •  Enablers  make  big  difference  in  adop7on  and  scaling   –  Oz:  tri-­‐sector  SI  Summits  -­‐>  policy,  movement   –  Oz:  na7onal  academic  &  educa7onal  partnerships  -­‐>  policy,  catalyst   –  Oz:  private  sector  engagement  -­‐>  high  •  Social  innova7on  &  social  finance  oqen  used  interchangeably;  social   finance  more  prominent  than  social  innova7on  per  se  •  Social  Innova7on  agenda  is  non-­‐par7san    •  Drivers  of  change:   –  Change  catalyzed  more  by  stuckness,  less  by  vision  of  future   –  Large  scale  exemplar  shiqs  conversa7on…zero  to  sixty…-­‐>  GoodStart   –  Thought  leadership  •  Culture  strengths:   –  Risk-­‐taking,  rapid  prototyping  (TACSI  w/  F-­‐by-­‐F,  social  finance)   –  Boundary  spanning  organiza7ons,  events,  skill  sets   –  Shared  language   –  Public  sector  innova7on  agenda  •  Hurdle  to  tackle:  Connec7vity  with  mainstream  innova7on  
  30. 30. Social  Innova7on  Genera7on:  hmp://