Court Cases in theCivil Rights Movement<br />Grace Braxton<br />
Dred Scott v. Sandford<br />1856<br />Major precursor to Civil War<br />Denied citizenship and basic rights to all blacks <br />
Plessy v. Ferguson<br />1896<br />“Separate but equal” law<br />Racially segregated public facilities, schools and accommodations<br />
Brown v. Board of Education<br />1955<br />Involved Linda Brown, black student from Kansas<br />NAACP lawyer Thurgood Marshall argued on Brown’s behalf<br />Prohibited racial segregation of public schools<br />Changed course of racial segregation<br />Very controversial<br />
Civil Rights Act of 1957<br />First new civil rights law since Reconstruction<br />Made it a federal crime to prevent qualified persons from voting<br />Set up Civil Rights Commission to investigate violations of law<br />
Loving v. Virginia<br />1967<br />Decided state laws prohibiting inter-racial marriage are unconstitutional.<br />
Griggs v. Duke Power Company<br />1971<br />Education requirements and intelligence tests used as conditions of employment acted to exclude African-American job applicants, did not relate to job performance, and were prohibited<br />
Lau v. Nichols<br />1973<br />A city school system's failure to provide English language instruction to Chinese students was unlawful discrimination<br />
Mendez et al. v. Westminster School District et al.<br />1945<br />League of United Latin American Citizens won important case <br />Segregation of Mexican American children in a CA school district was illegal<br />
Delgado v. Bastrop Independent School District<br />1948<br />Biggest victory so far<br />Segregation of Mexican American children in a Texas school district was illegal<br />Led to the end of segregation of Mexican Americans in all Texas school districts<br />
Relocation Act of 1956<br />Promoted assimilation of American Indians to mainstream society<br />Set up procedures to encourage Indians to move to urban areas<br />Established relocation offices in major cities to assist newcomers<br />
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