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Sect 14.3
Sect 14.3
Sect 14.3
Sect 14.3
Sect 14.3
Sect 14.3
Sect 14.3
Sect 14.3
Sect 14.3
Sect 14.3
Sect 14.3
Sect 14.3
Sect 14.3
Sect 14.3
Sect 14.3
Sect 14.3
Sect 14.3
Sect 14.3
Sect 14.3
Sect 14.3
Sect 14.3
Sect 14.3
Sect 14.3
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Sect 14.3

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  • 1. 6 th Grade Science Chapter 14 Interactions of Life Notes Section 14.3 Zambia’s South Luangwa National Park
  • 2.
    • What does life require?
    • All life requires a constant supply of energy.
    • How do most producers make their food?
    • Most producers make their food by a process called photosynthesis.
    Key Questions 1
  • 3.
    • Living organisms need a constant supply of energy.
    Obtaining Energy
    • The energy that fuels most life on Earth comes from the Sun.
    • Most organisms use the Sun’s energy to create energy-rich molecules through the process of photosynthesis.
  • 4.
    • The energy-rich molecules, usually sugars, serve as food.
    • When the molecules break apart  for example, during digestion  the energy in the chemical bonds is released to fuel life processes.
    Obtaining Energy
  • 5.
    • Organisms that use an outside energy source like the Sun to make energy-rich molecules are called producers .
    Producers
    • Most producers contain chlorophyll (KLOR uh fihl), a chemical that is required for photosynthesis.
  • 6. Asheville's climate offers milder summer temperatures and a longer growing season than much of the country, allowing us to grow longer, slow growing crops as well as some heat-intolerant northern species.
  • 7.
    • What is chemosynthesis?
    • Some producers make energy rich molecules using a process called chemosynthesis.
    • Can consumers make their own food?
    • Consumers cannot make their food. They obtain energy from eating producers or other consumers.
    Key Questions 2
  • 8.
    • Some producers do not contain chlorophyll and do not use energy from the Sun.
    • They make energy-rich molecules through a process called chemosynthesis (kee moh SIHN thuh sus).
    Producers
  • 9.
    • Organisms that cannot make their own energy-rich molecules are called consumers .
    Consumers
    • Consumers obtain energy by eating other organisms.
  • 10.
    • Herbivores are the vegetarians of the world. They include rabbits, deer, and other plant eaters.
    Consumers
  • 11.
    • Omnivores, including pigs and humans, eat mostly plants and animals.
    • Carnivores are animals that eat other animals. Frogs and spiders are carnivores that eat insects.
    Consumers
  • 12.
    • Decomposers, including fungi, bacteria, and earthworms, consume wastes and dead organisms.
    Consumers
  • 13.
    • What is a food chain?
    • A food chain models the feeding relationship between species.
    • What is symbiosis?
    • Symbiosis is any close relationship between species.
    Key Questions 3 The Sombrero Galaxy
  • 14.
    • A food chain is a simple model of the feeding relationships in an ecosystem.
    Food Chains
    • For example, shrubs are food for deer, and deer are food for mountain lions.
  • 15. Food chains are representatives of the relationships of living organisms in nature. Most consumers feed on multiple species and in turn, are fed upon by multiple other species. For a snake, the prey might be a mouse, a lizard, or a frog, and the predator might be a bird of prey or a badger.
  • 16.
    • Many organisms live together and share resources in other ways.
    Symbiotic Relationships
    • Any close relationship between species is called symbiosis .
  • 17.
    • What are some types of symbiosis?
    • Mutualism, commensalism, and parasitism are types of symbiosis.
    • What is an organism’s niche?
    • An organism’s niche describes how an organism finds food, shelter, and avoids danger.
    Key Questions 4
  • 18.
    • Lichens are made up of an alga or a cyanobacterium that lives within the tissues of a fungus.
    Mutualism
    • Both organisms benefit from this association.
    • A symbiotic relationship in which both species will benefit is call mutualism.
  • 19.
    • A symbiotic relationship in which one organism benefits and the other is not affected is called commensalisms (kuh MEN suh lih zum).
    Commensalism
  • 20.
    • Roundworms, are common in puppies.
    Parasitism
    • The roundworm attaches itself to the inside of the puppy’s intestine and feeds on nutrients in the puppy’s blood.
  • 21.
    • A rotting log in a forest can be home to many species of insects, including termites that eat decaying wood and ants that feed on the termites.
    Niches
    • An organism’s niche is its role in its environment  how it obtains food and shelter, finds a mate, cares for its young, and avoids danger.
  • 22.
    • The presence of predators usually increases the number of different species that can live in an ecosystem.
    • Predators limit the size of prey populations.
    Predator and Prey
  • 23.
    • Explain why all consumers depend on producers for food.
    • Evaluate the significant role of decomposers in Earth’s ecosystems.
    • Compare and contrast the terms habitat and niche.
    • A parasite can obtain food only from a host organism. Explain why most parasites weaken, but do not kill, their hosts.
    Questions Section 14.3

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