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Kyoto Protocol – signed in 1999 and ratified in 2001
Romania – first Annex I country ratifying the Kyoto Protocol
Target – 8% reduction of GHG emissions from 1989 levels
European Union member state – from 1 st January 2007
G.D. no. 1570/ 2007 – National system on GHG emissions
MO no 1474/2007- Romanian GHG Registry management
GD no. 645/2005 – National Strategy on Climate Change
G.D. no. 1877/2005 – National Action Plan on Climate Change
Various G.Ds and Ministerial Orders on climate change issues
National System on GHG inventory PLANNING
Romanian Greenhouse Gas Emissions Inventory Annual cycle 15 th November – INS data provider 15 th September – authorities data providers 15 th January 1 st july deadline to start data collection QC QC QC Draft NIR and CRF to EUMM MESD CRF & NIR to UNFCCC Final CRF and NIR to EUMM MESD Inventory improvements and peer review (QA) UNFCCC S&A Review experts reviews team Annual inventory review (QA) Final inventory NEPA to MESD Data processing complete Inventory locked 15 th March Provisional NIR NEPA to MESD 10 th January 10 th March
General requirements inventory principles
transparency (CRF tables, National Inventory Report)
consistency (time series - recalculations; consistency
comparability (among Parties of the UNFCCC)
accuracy (no systematic over/underestimation );
uncertainties reduced as far as practicable
Source and sink category emission All IPCC sectors and categories, sources and sinks (as suggested in Table 7.1 of IPCC GPG 2000 and in Table 5.4.1 of IPCC GPG 2003), and gases were considered The key category analysis has been performed according to the provisions in Chapter 7 of IPCC GPG 2000 and to those in Chapter 5 of IPCC GPG LULUCF. Distinct key category analysis were conducted taking into account both the excluding and including LULUCF and also both level and trend criteria. The key category analysis followed a Tier 1 approach . PREPARATION
Data collection - “top-down” approach
• identification of additional data requirements;
• identification of potential data suppliers;
• preparation of specific questionnaires;
• ubmitting the questionnaires to the potential suppliers , receiving requested data , data verification .
Data processing and emission calculation
• primary data processing (aggregation, disaggregation);
• selection and application of methods, emission factors and parameters;
• calculation of emission estimates;
• internal review (errors are rectified);
• preparation of the national inventory report
involve a broader range of sector experts, to develop country-specific methods and EFs ensuring adequate long-term financial support for inventory-related contracts and arrangements coordination between: central environment authority and other institutions targeted trainings addressed to personnel, international assistance needed
Revised 1996 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories (IPCC 2000 Inventory Guidelines)
the IPCC Good Practice Guidance and Uncertainty Management in National Greenhouse Gas Inventories (IPCC GPG 2000)
Emissions/removals by sinks in LULUCF sector are estimated using IPCC Good Practice; Guidance for Land Use, Land-Use Change and Forestry (IPCC GPG 2003).
apply default EFs and tier 1 methods also for key categories maintain a detailed description of the approaches taken and the underlying assumptions used for the selection of emissions factors and activity data attention to the quality of historical activity data collect AD and develop well-documented country-specific EFs for use with higher-tier methods for key categories
Romania established the QA/QC Programme
The document comprises information on:
the national authority responsible for the coordination of QA/QC activities;
the objectives of the QA/QC Programme ;
the QA/QC Plan ;
the QC procedures ;
the QA procedures ;
the reporting, documenting and archiving procedures
Good link data collection, data processing, emission estimation Document all QA/QC procedures Cross-checking activity data available from different sources Independent sector expert review of activity data Perform inventory checks by external experts MANAGEMENT
For the first time, the 2008 NIR comprises a full quantitative assessment of the uncertainty . Romania built the uncertainty analysis in order to help prioritising efforts to improve the accuracy of the inventory in the future and to guide decisions on methodological choice and also for providing a complete NGHGI.
Romania carried out the uncertainty analysis on the basis of the Tier 1 method according to the provisions in Chapter 6 of the IPCC Good Practice Guidance (2000), in the Chapter 5 of the IPCC Good Practice Guidance for Land-Use, Land-Use Change and Forestry and also taking into account local conditions.
The uncertainty calculation was performed using the framework provided in the IPCC GPG (2000) and also in the IPCC GPG for LULUCF 2003 . The disaggregation of the inventory into categories is equivalent to the key category analysis splitting, except two particular cases specific to the Waste sector
methods used changes in data inputs or methods identification of expert and their qualifications rationale for choice of methods AGRI GEO activity data and relevant information regarding AD information on the uncertainty associated with AD and EF final inventory report and any analysis of trends from previous years EF used, including references to the IPCC documents worksheets and interim calculations details of electronic databases or software used QA/QC plans and outcomes of QA/QC procedures assumptions and criteria for selection of AD and EF Data archive
Trends by sector RGHGI 1989-2006 March 2008
GHG emissions trends in waste, by sub-sectors for 1989–2006 period
Submissions to UNFCCC, Kyoto Protocol by 15 March each year
EC Commission by 15 January preliminary data, 15 March final data, additional information on indicators
strict timelines -- 6 weeks delay ==> loss of eligibility to use Kyoto Mechanisms
strict reporting format (Common Reporting Format (CRF) tables, National Inventory Report NIR)
strict requirements on methodologies: IPCC guidelines and good practice guidance, which include requirements on QA/QC, uncertainty estimation, etc.
In the II nd National Comm. (1998) - summary of GHG emissions for the period ‘89-’91 and estimates for the period ‘92-’94
2002 – first submission of the inventories in the required format (CRF and NIR) covering the period 1992-2000
2003 – first submission in time of the recalculated inventories for the period 1992-2001, including also an NIR and first ever review of the Romanian inventory (in-country review)
2004 – submission of the inventories covering the entire time series 1989-2002, recalculated based on the in-country review report recommendations and desk review
2005 – submission of 2003 inventory and the recalculated inventories for the period 1989-2002, using the new reporting tool - CRF Reporter and centralized review
2006 - CRF Reporter database, CRF tables for LULUCF and NIR 2004 submitted , no review
2007 – in - country resume of the AAU and of 2006 v.2 submission of the RGHGI ; CRF Reporter database, CRF Tables and NIR + Initial Report 2005 of Romania under the Kyoto Protocol
2008 – resubmission of 2006 inventory and the recalculated inventories for the period 1989-2006 after Expert Review Team UNFCCC recommendation
Functions of the registry
Recording of units
holding account - containing initial AAUs & RMUs, EAUs and ERUs initiated in JI projects
cancellation account - corresponding to each commitment period
retirement account - for each commitment period, to demonstrate compliance
each legal entity authorized to trade will have at least one holding account
available list of legal entities (to UNFCCC Secretariat and public)
serial numbers - assigned to AAUs, RMUs, EAUs , ERUs
account numbers - assigned to every account in the NR.
no. of AAUs to be issued is equal to no. of tones of CO2eq corresponding to Romania’s assigned amount (92 % of emissions in 1989)
no of EAUs
issuance of RMUs, equivalent to net GHG removals
issuance of ERUs, as result of JI projects
cancellation (AAUs, RMUs, EAUs, ERUs), in case:
the LULUCF activities result in a net source of GHG emissions;
retirement - valid AAUs, EAUs, ERUs and RMUs shall be retired for the commitment period, to be used for demonstrating compliance
carry-over - neither retired nor cancelled AAUs can be carried over (if retirement account shows compliance).
Functions of the registry
Substantiation of compliance/ Reporting
Information from and about NR are incorporated in the annual Inventory reports and the National Communications
The National Inventory Report contain information on any changes that have occurred in the NR, compared to last submission
Access to information
NR records non-confidential information
Publicly accessible user interface through the Internet
Data transparency improved credibility regarding:
implementation of measures for compliance achievement
reliable system of GHG emissions monitoring, verifying, registration and reporting Romania would be a trust worthy counterpart for transactions (including JI projects).
Functions of the registry
Kyoto institutions and eligibility > = < Emissions 2008 - 2012 Secretariat compilation and accounting systems Article 3.1 compliance assessment Review and compliance processes National systems Annex B Party systems Emissions inventories Reporting process National registries Kyoto Protocol units Assigned amount 2008 - 2012 Eligibility requirements
The Kyoto Protocol accounting system National registries Reporting of quantitative information Reporting of qualitative information GHG National System Compilation and accounting database (emissions, assigned amount information, mechanism eligibility) Review Process Compliance Committee International transaction log ITL Joint implementation CDM COP MOP
EU - ETS accounting system
Registries snapshot Post ITL UK National Registry EU French National Registry German National Registry Spanish National Registry Romanian National Registry Czech National Registry CDM Registry Cyprus National Registry Greek National Registry Pending account Annex I CCC UK account Italian National Registry EU Community Independent Transaction Log (CITL) UN International Transaction Log (ITL) Russian National Registry JI SC CER - CDM ERU - JI EUA - EU ETS
Unique registry for both KP and EU ETS with technical support of the Danish EPA
NEPA is the National Registry Administrator
National Registry is based on GRETA software (UK)
Ministerial Order on the registry operation approved
Pass the initialization process carried out by the International Transaction Log ITL Operator at 15/04/2008 with “Amber status”
Connect to the Community Independent Transaction Log (CITL) in the beginning of April 2008
return results of queries to web services
hosts optional plug-in modules
communicates with email services
validates requests from users and executes queries against the database server
receives and returns queries in xml format
provides user interface for all users
- send requests to webservices
GRETA Logical system overview
Information on the registry administrator
Database structure / Technical description
Standards for data exchange
Database and Application Backup Plan
Disaster and Problem Recovery Plan
Time Validation Plan
Procedures for Change Management, Test Plan and Test Reports
Information available to the public
Procedures for administration and operation of the registry / Daily management / Training of staff
Romania links its GHGR to ITL Romania’s emission ceiling - assigned amount Romania’s quantified emission limitation is 92 per cent, as included in Annex B to the Kyoto Protocol. Based on Romania’s original estimate of its base year emissions (282,467,184.19 Gg CO2 eq.) and its Kyoto Protocol target (92 per cent), Romania calculated its assigned amount to be 1,299,349,047 tonnes CO2 eq. In response to inventory issues identified during the review, Romania submitted revised estimates for its base year inventory, which resulted in a recalculation of the assigned amount. Based on the revised estimates for Romania’s base year emissions is 278,225.022 Gg CO2 eq. Romania calculates its assigned amount to be 1,279,835,099 tonnes CO2 eq . The ERT agrees with this figure.
Commitment Period Reserve
Based on the original estimate for its total GHG emissions in the most recent inventory year (2004), 160,059,731.4 Gg CO2 eq., Romania calculated its CPR to be 800,298,657 tonnes CO2 eq.
In response to inventory issues identified during the review, Romania submitted revised estimates of its 2004 inventory, which resulted in a recalculation of the CPR. Based on the revised estimates, Romania calculates its CPR to be 780,545,734 tonnes CO2 eq. The ERT agrees with this figure.
Land Use, Land Use Change and Forestry (LULUCF)
Romania links its GHGR to the CITL by entering into agreements with EU Parties so as to mutually recognize each other’s allowances
Romanian Registry is integrated in the EU network of NR and linked to the Central Emissions Register
The total amount of allowances allocated for the second phase of the EU – ETS (2008 - 2012) is 379 721 760 with average value 75 944 352 per year .
The methodology for establishing the total amount of allowances and the sector totals is described in detail in According to GD no. 780/2006.
The total amount of allowances shall be allocated for free.
Allowances from the New Entrants Reserve not used by the end of period 2008 – 2012 shall be auctioned.
Accounts National accounts Accounts for operators Accounts for persons and operators Holding account Retirement account Cancellation account non EU-ETS EU ETS
OPERATOR Installation A account A allowances account N allowances Owner account PAR SAR + AAR Installation N
Open an account ? Download documents Request form Registration form www.emissionstradingregistry.anpm.ro
N E P A Proves for fees payment Registration form Open request Identification documents for PAR & SAR Account Opened 10 days
N E P A NAP Approved by CE NAP-table European Commission notification acceptance Allowance Account loaded
Among Romanian persons;
Among Romanian persons and persons from other EU Member states ;
Among Romanian persons and persons in third countries, where such allowances are recognised in accordance with the procedure referred to in Article 25 without restrictions other than those contained in, or adopted pursuant to, this Directive .
National SELLER BUYER Financial agreement market
External Check CITL National registry I BUYER Account I-A National Registry II SELLER Account II-B 30 Debit Credit Credit Debit 50 30 100 30
Just like internet banking
Log on to national registry account with username/password
Fill out transfer order specifying quantity of EUAs to send, and the receiving national registry and account. Click OK.
CITL makes checks through 7 message sequence and the transfer is made
Starting with ITL operational , transfer order goes through ITL first for Kyoto checks and then CITL for EU ETS specific checks. When the transfer goes through, the sending/receiving country’s AAU balances change.
ITL sees only AAUs; CITL sees only EUAs
CITL can stop the transaction if it violates Commitment Period Reserve Rules
Can’t move an EUA out of the EU registry system unless mutual recognition agreement with e.g. Japan or Canada
In other words, can’t sell EUAs to Japanese gov’t as AAUs
allocation rules, installation allocation and information required by Annex XVI of the Registries Regulation are published on the Internet
the greenhouse gas emission permits
detailed commitment period information and information on project activities, allowances , accounts, operator holding accounts, verified emissions, surrendered allowances, transactions
Full access at the National Registry is only assigned to the administrator
Administrator of the National Registry keep confidentiality on information regarding username, passwords for account holder, primary and secondary authorised representative of the account holder or verifiers
Fees and charges
for opening and maintaining accounts in the National Registry
the National Register administrator charge an opening fee (200 EUR)and an annual maintenance charges
the amount of annual maintenance charges is settled annually through ministerial order
by 31 March each year at the latest , each operator of an installation reports, to the competent authority, the emissions from that installation during the preceding calendar year, monitored in accordance with the guidelines and verified as satisfactory in accordance with the criteria set out in Annex V
by 30 April each year at the latest , the operator of each installation surrenders a number of allowances equal to the total emissions from that installation during the preceding calendar year as verified in accordance with Article 15, and that these are subsequently cancelled.
Development of the Climate Change strategy, stating also the modalities for participation at the flexible mechanisms
Coordination of the Climate Change related activities; strategy before action plan
Creation of a specific legal framework to set up the registry (i.e. Ministerial Order, as for PER)
definition of the National Registry’s functions;
assigning an institution responsible with the National Registry.
Emission trading needs to be regulated
COMPLIANCE WITH UNFCCC REPORTING REQUIREMENTS
legal entities to participate in projects;
legal entities to make transactions.
implementation of measures should commence, as the country lacks infrastructure and capacity.
Assign of an institution as Central Administrator of the National Registry,
Brokerage companies evolve .
development of a national institutional infrastructure
elaborate a detailed inventory manual for inventory planning and management which reflects national circumstances and includes detailed descriptions of formal procedures, time schedules, data flow, documentation formats and guidance for improvements;
involve a broader range of sectoral experts , for example, from industry, universities and local agencies, to develop country-specific methods and EFs;
coordination between :
responsible inside the central environment authority;
central environment authority and other governmental institutions ;
targeted trainings addressed to personnel, international assistance needed.
elaborate QA/QC plan in line with the requirements of the IPCC good practice guidance, including extensive tier 2 checking procedures for key categories, a procedure for external review and QA/QC procedures for activities; additionally elaborate a guidance for prioritising inventory improvements;
transfer all relevant inventory information into the central archiving system , giving priority to the base year and the most recent year, develop catalogued or archived information and report updated information on the archiving system;
maintain a detailed description of the approaches taken and the underlying assumptions used for the selection of EFs and AD ;
cross-checking the information available from different sources ;
collect AD and develop well-documented country-specific EFs for use with higher-tier methods for key categories .
ensuring adequate long-term financial support for inventory-related contracts and arrangements and by encouraging inventory experts to attend the UNFCCC training;
need for international financing assistance (agreements under MoUs, GEF capacity building).
Thank you very much for attention! Hvala lijepa ! Thanks Mr. Sorin Deaconu from NEPA for support!