0
Oceanography
1. Define water vapor. A cloud droplet.
2. Most abundant gases in today’satmosphere? (%) Nitrogen (78 %) Oxygen (21 %)
3. Most abundant gas in thestratosphere? Ozone
4. Why does the temperature inthe stratosphere increase? Absorbtion of ultraviolet radiation by ozone.
5. Formal name of a “stormy andpuffy” cloud? Cumulonimbus.
6. Freezing point of water inCelsius? 0 (zero)
7. Define “Latent Heat.” “hidden” heat. Energy released or radiated during a phase change of water without changing the t...
8. Solar energy reaches the Earthby… radiation
9. What part of theelectromagnetic spectrum do we“see?” Visible light.
10. In general, where is the bestplace to see the aurora borealis? at the magnetic north pole.
11. Instrument to measure“relative humidity?” psychrometer
12. Define: Dew Point The temperature to which air must be cooled in order to become saturated.
13. Give characteristics of… Cirrostratus Cumulus Altostratus Stratus
14. Condensation nuclei? Microscopic dust or ice where water vapor can condense on to form a water droplet.
15. What is the standard unit areair pressure? millibars
16. Instrument that measures airpressure? barometer
17. Describe offshore (seabreeze)winds. Heat rises over land, cool air sinks, convection current  causes winds to blow fr...
18. What is the main reason thatcauses sea and land breezes? Temperature differences. Heat capacity.
19. Describe a mountain breeze(orographic lifting). Warm air rises on the windward side of a mountain. Cool air interact...
20. If wind is blowing SLOWER than therotation of Earth, what direction wouldthe wind “appear” to the observer? west
21. What latitudinal areas wouldhave low air pressure? Equator (Doldrums) 60 degrees (Polar Easterlies)
22. Describe the following airmasses: cP, cT, mP, mT. cP – Dry and cool. cT – Dry and warm mP – Moist and cool. mT – M...
23. Draw a cold front symbol.What color is it?
24. Name and describe the 3 stages of theThunderstorm cycle. Note when updraftand downdrafts occur! Cumulus – updraft, al...
25. What is “Lightning?” A discharge on electricity from or within a thunderstorm.
26. Where is “Tornado Alley?” In the Central Plains of the United States.
27. What is need to “fuel” andhurricane? Moisture, preferably over water. Once it hits land, energy is diminished.
28. Describe the following: tropicaldisturbance, tropical depression, tropicalstorm, and typhoon. Tropical Disturbance – ...
29. What part of a hurricane has thestrongest winds (use cardinal direction)? Northern side
30. What part of Earth do mosthurricanes form? Equator
31. Define heat capacity. Which has ahigher heat capacity? The oceans orcontinents? Describes how quickly or slowly a sub...
32. Name the formal names of theseasons. Autumnal Equinox Winter Solstice Vernal Equinox Summer Solstice
33. How are clouds formed? Warm moist air + Cool moist air + condensation  nuclei. 3 ways:a. Warm air risingb. Orographi...
34. Compare and contrast the generaltemperatures in the equator and the poles. Equator = warm (sun hits it directly) Pol...
35. What happens to the temperatureas you increase in elevation? It decreases 4 degrees Celsius/1000 meters.
36. What is the scale used to measuretornado intensity? Fujita Enhanced Tornado Scale: F0 – F5
37. Define wind shear. A sudden change in wind speed & direction with height.
38. What is the scale used tomeasure hurricane intensity? Saffir-Simpson Scale (Categories 1 – 5).
39. Define a hurricane. An intense tropical weather system with a well  defined circulation and maximum sustained winds o...
40. What is a storm surge? Storm surge is an abnormal rise of water generated by a storm, over and above the predicted as...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Test Review – Air in Motion (Meteorology)

127

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
127
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
4
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Transcript of "Test Review – Air in Motion (Meteorology)"

  1. 1. Oceanography
  2. 2. 1. Define water vapor. A cloud droplet.
  3. 3. 2. Most abundant gases in today’satmosphere? (%) Nitrogen (78 %) Oxygen (21 %)
  4. 4. 3. Most abundant gas in thestratosphere? Ozone
  5. 5. 4. Why does the temperature inthe stratosphere increase? Absorbtion of ultraviolet radiation by ozone.
  6. 6. 5. Formal name of a “stormy andpuffy” cloud? Cumulonimbus.
  7. 7. 6. Freezing point of water inCelsius? 0 (zero)
  8. 8. 7. Define “Latent Heat.” “hidden” heat. Energy released or radiated during a phase change of water without changing the temperature.
  9. 9. 8. Solar energy reaches the Earthby… radiation
  10. 10. 9. What part of theelectromagnetic spectrum do we“see?” Visible light.
  11. 11. 10. In general, where is the bestplace to see the aurora borealis? at the magnetic north pole.
  12. 12. 11. Instrument to measure“relative humidity?” psychrometer
  13. 13. 12. Define: Dew Point The temperature to which air must be cooled in order to become saturated.
  14. 14. 13. Give characteristics of… Cirrostratus Cumulus Altostratus Stratus
  15. 15. 14. Condensation nuclei? Microscopic dust or ice where water vapor can condense on to form a water droplet.
  16. 16. 15. What is the standard unit areair pressure? millibars
  17. 17. 16. Instrument that measures airpressure? barometer
  18. 18. 17. Describe offshore (seabreeze)winds. Heat rises over land, cool air sinks, convection current causes winds to blow from the sea.
  19. 19. 18. What is the main reason thatcauses sea and land breezes? Temperature differences. Heat capacity.
  20. 20. 19. Describe a mountain breeze(orographic lifting). Warm air rises on the windward side of a mountain. Cool air interacts with warm moist air to form clouds. Dry air sinks on the leeward side.
  21. 21. 20. If wind is blowing SLOWER than therotation of Earth, what direction wouldthe wind “appear” to the observer? west
  22. 22. 21. What latitudinal areas wouldhave low air pressure? Equator (Doldrums) 60 degrees (Polar Easterlies)
  23. 23. 22. Describe the following airmasses: cP, cT, mP, mT. cP – Dry and cool. cT – Dry and warm mP – Moist and cool. mT – Moist and warm.
  24. 24. 23. Draw a cold front symbol.What color is it?
  25. 25. 24. Name and describe the 3 stages of theThunderstorm cycle. Note when updraftand downdrafts occur! Cumulus – updraft, all upward movement. Mature – downdrafts & downdrafts. Severe weather Dissipation – downdrafts. Severe weather is diminished.
  26. 26. 25. What is “Lightning?” A discharge on electricity from or within a thunderstorm.
  27. 27. 26. Where is “Tornado Alley?” In the Central Plains of the United States.
  28. 28. 27. What is need to “fuel” andhurricane? Moisture, preferably over water. Once it hits land, energy is diminished.
  29. 29. 28. Describe the following: tropicaldisturbance, tropical depression, tropicalstorm, and typhoon. Tropical Disturbance – first indication of a hurricane formation. Sustained winds. Unorganized. Tropical Depression– thunderstorms begin to take circular shape. Winds are less than 39 mph. Tropical Storm – Just before a storm becomes a fully developed hurricane. Winds are 39 – 73 mph. Typhoon – Hurricanes in the Western North Pacific.
  30. 30. 29. What part of a hurricane has thestrongest winds (use cardinal direction)? Northern side
  31. 31. 30. What part of Earth do mosthurricanes form? Equator
  32. 32. 31. Define heat capacity. Which has ahigher heat capacity? The oceans orcontinents? Describes how quickly or slowly a substance retains heat. Oceans has a high heat capacity. It has the ability to retain heat longer.
  33. 33. 32. Name the formal names of theseasons. Autumnal Equinox Winter Solstice Vernal Equinox Summer Solstice
  34. 34. 33. How are clouds formed? Warm moist air + Cool moist air + condensation nuclei. 3 ways:a. Warm air risingb. Orographic Liftingc. Fronts
  35. 35. 34. Compare and contrast the generaltemperatures in the equator and the poles. Equator = warm (sun hits it directly) Poles = cool (sun hits it indirectly)
  36. 36. 35. What happens to the temperatureas you increase in elevation? It decreases 4 degrees Celsius/1000 meters.
  37. 37. 36. What is the scale used to measuretornado intensity? Fujita Enhanced Tornado Scale: F0 – F5
  38. 38. 37. Define wind shear. A sudden change in wind speed & direction with height.
  39. 39. 38. What is the scale used tomeasure hurricane intensity? Saffir-Simpson Scale (Categories 1 – 5).
  40. 40. 39. Define a hurricane. An intense tropical weather system with a well defined circulation and maximum sustained winds of 74 mph (64 knots) or higher. In the western Pacific, hurricanes are called "typhoons.“ In the Indian Ocean, they are called "cyclones."
  41. 41. 40. What is a storm surge? Storm surge is an abnormal rise of water generated by a storm, over and above the predicted astronomical tide.
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×