Modern Oceanographic
Exploration
(1957 – Present)
Oceanography
Kempsville High School
9/11/2013
2
International Geophysical Year -
1957
International Impact
International Co-operation
Nations share Oceanic...
9/11/2013
3
International Geophysical Year -
1957
South Pole Research Station Established
9/11/2013
4
Research Vessels
1. Glomar Challenger
Examples of Uses:
 Deep Sea drilling
samples
 Seafloor spreading
evide...
9/11/2013
5
Research Vessels
2. Joides Resolution
 Vessel belongs to Texas A
& M University
 Ten-year international
stud...
9/11/2013
6
3. Project Famous 1974
 Alvin played a pivotal role in Project FAMOUS (French-
American Mid-Ocean Undersea St...
9/11/2013
7
Project Famous 1974 cont…
Project Famous 1974
 Study of Plate Tectonics
 Study of Hydrothermal vents
 Senso...
9/11/2013
8
Submersibles
Alvin, Archimede and Cyana:
 Modern, smaller with safety escape systems
 Gather current data on...
9/11/2013
9
Research Vessel Alvin
9/11/2013
10
Research Vessel Archimede
9/11/2013
11
Submersibles
4. Bathyscapes…
 Trieste = Expensive
 Larger, first types of Submersibles
 Larger Crew, slowe...
9/11/2013
12
The Trieste
9/11/2013
13
3 Famous Modern Mariners
1. Fridtjof Nansen
2. Jacques Cousteau
3. Dr. Robert Ballard
9/11/2013
14
1. Captain Nansen
9/11/2013
15
Captain Nansen
 Research Vessel Fram ~ 1900
 Involved in Artic Research
 Invented the Nansen bottle which ...
9/11/2013
16
2. Jacques Cousteau
9/11/2013
17
Jacques Cousteau
 Marine Explorer ~ concerned with life in the Oceans
1950’s ~ 1990’s
 Environmentalist ~ E...
9/11/2013
18
3. Dr. Robert Ballard 1970 ~
Current
9/11/2013
19
Dr. Robert Ballard 1970 ~
Current
 Navel research Officer
 Marine Geologist & director of Wood’s Hole
 Wre...
9/11/2013
20
Major Institutes of Marine
Study
1. Office of Naval Research
2. Script’s Institute of Oceanography
3. Wood’s ...
9/11/2013
21
1. Office of Naval Research
Research and Weather Prediction
9/11/2013
22
2. Scripts Institute ~ California
9/11/2013
23
3. Woods Hole ~ Maine
The End
Research never
Ends
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3b modern oceanographic exploration

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3b modern oceanographic exploration

  1. 1. Modern Oceanographic Exploration (1957 – Present) Oceanography Kempsville High School
  2. 2. 9/11/2013 2 International Geophysical Year - 1957 International Impact International Co-operation Nations share Oceanic Research Founding of Antarctic research stations
  3. 3. 9/11/2013 3 International Geophysical Year - 1957 South Pole Research Station Established
  4. 4. 9/11/2013 4 Research Vessels 1. Glomar Challenger Examples of Uses:  Deep Sea drilling samples  Seafloor spreading evidence  Determine the age of our Planet  Discover Natural Resources
  5. 5. 9/11/2013 5 Research Vessels 2. Joides Resolution  Vessel belongs to Texas A & M University  Ten-year international study  Study of the Earth’s Crust, fossils, Sediments and Circulation
  6. 6. 9/11/2013 6 3. Project Famous 1974  Alvin played a pivotal role in Project FAMOUS (French- American Mid-Ocean Undersea Study).  Along with the French submersibles Cyana and Archimede.  Alvin helped the French and American scientists confirm the theory of sea-floor spreading along the mid- Atlantic Ridge.
  7. 7. 9/11/2013 7 Project Famous 1974 cont… Project Famous 1974  Study of Plate Tectonics  Study of Hydrothermal vents  Sensors (Echo Sounders) located in the stern  Satellite link to onboard computers  Alvin allowed researchers to conduct biological, chemical, geochemical, geological and geophysical studies.
  8. 8. 9/11/2013 8 Submersibles Alvin, Archimede and Cyana:  Modern, smaller with safety escape systems  Gather current data on the oceans depths or the benthic area  ROV = Remotely Operated Vehicle is a robot which is used by a submersible.  ROV’s are unmanned, and can enter more dangerous areas.
  9. 9. 9/11/2013 9 Research Vessel Alvin
  10. 10. 9/11/2013 10 Research Vessel Archimede
  11. 11. 9/11/2013 11 Submersibles 4. Bathyscapes…  Trieste = Expensive  Larger, first types of Submersibles  Larger Crew, slower and no escape pod
  12. 12. 9/11/2013 12 The Trieste
  13. 13. 9/11/2013 13 3 Famous Modern Mariners 1. Fridtjof Nansen 2. Jacques Cousteau 3. Dr. Robert Ballard
  14. 14. 9/11/2013 14 1. Captain Nansen
  15. 15. 9/11/2013 15 Captain Nansen  Research Vessel Fram ~ 1900  Involved in Artic Research  Invented the Nansen bottle which took water from different depths to determine Salinity, Temperature and Organisms  From Norway as Zoologist and Statesman  He earned the Nobel Peace Prize in 1922
  16. 16. 9/11/2013 16 2. Jacques Cousteau
  17. 17. 9/11/2013 17 Jacques Cousteau  Marine Explorer ~ concerned with life in the Oceans 1950’s ~ 1990’s  Environmentalist ~ Endangered Species  Biological Research Vessel Calypso  Invented SCUBA with Emile Gagnon  Documentary TV Shows in the 1970’s  French WWII Hero and Spy
  18. 18. 9/11/2013 18 3. Dr. Robert Ballard 1970 ~ Current
  19. 19. 9/11/2013 19 Dr. Robert Ballard 1970 ~ Current  Navel research Officer  Marine Geologist & director of Wood’s Hole  Wrecks Found:  Titanic  Bismarch  Lusitania  WW II Ships  Greek Vessels
  20. 20. 9/11/2013 20 Major Institutes of Marine Study 1. Office of Naval Research 2. Script’s Institute of Oceanography 3. Wood’s Hole Oceanographic Institute
  21. 21. 9/11/2013 21 1. Office of Naval Research Research and Weather Prediction
  22. 22. 9/11/2013 22 2. Scripts Institute ~ California
  23. 23. 9/11/2013 23 3. Woods Hole ~ Maine
  24. 24. The End Research never Ends

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