Chromium (effects on health)

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This powerpoint presents the effects of Chromium on health

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Chromium (effects on health)

  1. 1. ChromiumEMSE 1November 2011 Juliette GINDRE & Gaël GUETARD
  2. 2. The Chemical ElementName derived from the Greek word "chrōma"Discovered by Louis Nicolas Vauquelin in 1797 Atomic number: 24 Atomic weight 52 g/mol Oxydation states: 3 or 6 2
  3. 3. ProductionWorld Chromium Production: 15 100 000 tons 3
  4. 4. Usual sources of chromiumChromium (III):Chromium (VI): 4
  5. 5. HealthChromium III helps:• dieting• reduce cholesterol• help regulate glycemia•Perspective: Alzheimer disease treatmentAccording to the National Academy of Science: 10 μg < Adequate Intake < 45 μg Maximum Intake ≈ 1000 μgChromium VI is toxic 5
  6. 6. Chrome and DiabeteChromium III is a cofactor of insulin, helps regulating glycemia• improve the tissue sensitivity to insulin•Useful to treat Diabete type 2 patients 6
  7. 7. Health risksChromium (III):essential nutrient for humans and shortagesBenign health effects as well, for instance skin rashesChromium (VI):- Skin rashes- Upset stomachs and ulcers- Respiratory problems- Weakened immune systems- Kidney and liver damage- Alteration of genetic material- Lung cancer- Death 7
  8. 8. Health and Chromium 3Not enough Cr 3: Too much Cr 3:• Hyperlipidemia • Kidney toxicity•Hyperglycemia •Gastro-intestinal troubles•Hyperinsulinemia No significant hazard Nearly inexistant inindustrialized country 8
  9. 9. vit A 800 µgvit B1 1.4 mg Source of chromiumvit B2 1.6 mgvit B3 18 mgvit B5 6 mgvit B6 2 mgvit B8 150 µgvit B9 200 µgvit B12 1 µgvit C 60 mgvit D 5 µgvit E 10 mgprobioticsiodin 100 µgiron 5 mgzinc 5 mgmagnesium 45 mgselenium 30 µgchromium (III) 25 µg average adequate intakemanganese 1.2 mgmolybdenum 25 µg 9
  10. 10. Controversial usesFortified Flour Baby’s milk Hydroponics 10
  11. 11. Many thanks for your attention 11

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