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Cwc Children200612 5
 

Cwc Children200612 5

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    Cwc Children200612 5 Cwc Children200612 5 Presentation Transcript

    • Attachment Attachment in the context of involving children in assessment
    • What is attachment?
      • Theory of personality development in the context of close relationships (Howe 1999)
      • An affectionate bond between two individuals that endures through time and space and serves to join them emotionally (Kennel 1976)
    • What does it provide?
      • Safe base
      • Balance between trust and autonomy
      • Psychological development
      • Physical development
      • Cognitive development
      • Conscience development
      • Identity
    • How long does it last?
      • Shifted and renegotiated through life:
      • Infant…
      • Toddler…
      • Child…
      • Adolescent…
      • Independence…
      • Parenthood…
      • Care of elders
    • Why of interest to children's professions?
      • Why close relationships matter
      • How the quality influences development
      • Assessing relationships – children's state and parents’ ability to care
      • Quality and character of relationships
      • Improving parent and child relationships
      • Parents’ own experiences
      • Extended family – relevance for kinship care
    • What are attachment behaviours?
      • Bring child in close proximity to caregiver
      • Maximise care and protection
      • Evolutionary – increase survival chances
      • Doesn’t automatically mean healthy bond
      • Give information about nature of attachment – behaviours and responses
      • Relevant to developmental stage
    • Patterns of attachment
      • Secure
      • Ambivalent
      • Avoidant
      • Disorganised
      • Combinations of the above
      • Unattached
    • Care giving Care giving behaviours reinforce good attachment or compound attachment. Optimum behaviours on the left and cause for concern on the right .
      • Sensitive -------- Not attuned
      • Acceptance -------- Rejection
      • Cooperation -------- Interference
      • Accessibility -------- Ignoring
    • Attachment – cultural issues
      • Basic concepts are same universally
      • Aspects vary across cultures
      • Attachment figures affected by family structure
      • Long-term separations
      • Family networks and connections vital
      • Asylum seeking children – effects of separation.
    • Effects of lack of attachment
      • Difficulty relating normally
      • Difficulty growing socially, maintaining relationships
      • Difficulty caring for others
      • Egocentric, impulsive, babyish,
      • Difficulties with rules and laws
      • Lack of trust – highly defended
    • Separation and loss
      • Separation involves fear which needs to be mastered; and loss involves grief which needs to be expressed (Aldgate & Simmonds 1990)
      • Grief is the process through which one passes in order to recover from loss (Fahlberg 1994)
    • Stages of grief (taken from On Death and Dying by Kubler-Ross,1969)
      • Shock
      • Denial
      • Anger
      • Bargaining
      • Sadness/despair
      • Resolution
    • Stages of withdrawal (taken from A Child’s Journey Through Placement by Fahlberg, 1994)
      • Protest
      • Despair
      • Quiet withdrawal