Php BASIC

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the defintion and keywords of PHP

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Php BASIC

  1. 1. PHP PHP File Upload:  With PHP, it is possible to upload files to the server. <html> <body> <form action="upload_file.php" method="post" enctype="multipart/form­data"> <label for="file">Filename:</label> <input type="file" name="file" id="file" /> <br /> <input type="submit" name="submit" value="Submit" /> </form> </body> </html>           The enctype attribute of the <form> tag specifies which content-type to use when submitting the form. "multipart/form-data" is used when a form requires binary data, like the contents of a file, to be uploaded The type="file" attribute of the <input> tag specifies that the input should be processed as a file. For example, when viewed in a browser, there will be a browse-button next to the input field Cookies:             A cookie is often used to identify a user. A cookie is a small file that the server embeds on the user's computer. Each time the same computer requests a page with a browser, it will send the cookie too. With PHP, you can both create and retrieve cookie values.           The setcookie() function is used to set a cookie.           Note: The setcookie() function must appear BEFORE the <html> tag. Syntax :           setcookie(name, value, expire, path, domain);   Example       In the example below, we will create a cookie named "user" and assign the value "Alex Porter" to it. We also specify that the cookie should expire after one hour.   ?php setcookie("user", "Alex Porter", time()+3600); ?> <html>
  2. 2. PHP Sessions           A PHP session variable is used to store information about, or change settings for a user session. Session variables hold information about one single user, and are available to all pages in one application.           A PHP session solves this problem by allowing you to store user information on the server for later use (i.e. username, shopping items, etc).          However, session information is temporary and will be deleted after the user has left the website. If you need a permanent storage you may want to store the data in a database. Sessions work by creating a unique id (UID) for each visitor and store variables based on this UID. The UID is either stored in a cookie or is propagated in the URL. Starting a PHP Session          <?php session_start(); ?>          <html>          <body>          </body>          </html>  PHP error_log() Function                           The error_log() function sends an error to the server error log, a file or a remote destination.                           This funtion returns TRUE on success, or FALSE on failure. Syntax:             error_log(error,type,destination,headers)  PHP parse_ini_file() Function         The parse_ini_file() function parses a configuration (ini) file and  returns the settings in it in an array. Syntax:              parse_ini_file(file,process_sections)    Parameters Descriptions file Required. Specifies the ini file to check Process section Optional. If set to TRUE, it returns is a  multidimensional array with section names and settings included. Default is FALSE

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