Finding the Main Idea• A sentence that tells what the passage is mainly about.• The best title for the passage.• I can ask myself “what is this passage mostly about”?
Recalling Facts and Details• Every passage has them.• They tell more about the main idea.• They are things that are mentioned in the passage.• I can look back to the passage to find them.
Understanding Sequence• Sequence is the same as the order.• A passage is told in sequence.• Different things happen at the beginning, middle and ending of a passage.• This is about remembering.• This is about putting events or details in order.• This is about first, second, next, later, lastly, before or after.
Cause and Effect• A cause is something that happens.• An effect is something that happens because of the cause.• Key words are why, what happened or because.• An example of a cause: I throw the ball.• An example of effect: The ball hit the wickets.
Comparing and Contrasting• How two things are alike or different.• Finding likenesses and differences.• Key words are: most like, different, alike or similar.
Making Predictions• Something I think will happen in the future.• What will probably or most likely happen next.• The answer is not written in the passage.• There are clues about the answer in the passage.• I can make a good guess from the clues
Finding Word Meaning InContext• I can find out what a word means by reading it in a sentence.• This is called understanding word meaning in context.• Find the unfamiliar word in a sentence.• Replace the word in the sentence with each answer choice.• See which answer makes the most sense.
Drawing Conclusions and MakingInferences• The author doesn‟t always tell us everything.• Figure it out on my own.• Example: The moon shone through the bedroom window as Lou sat up in bed. Conclusion: It is night time.• Key words are: you can tell or probably
Distinguishing Fact and Opinion• Which statements are facts and which are opinion.• A fact is something that is true.• An opinion tells about how a person feels about something.• Facts can be proven.• Opinions cannot be proven.• Opinion statements often contain: most, best, nicest and greatest.
Identifying Author‟s Purpose• Why did the author write the passage?• I can remember P.I.D.E.P - To persuade me to do somethingI - To give me informationD - To describe something to meE - To entertain me
Interpreting Figurative Language • Some words are used to mean something different from their usual meaning. Example: „I spilled the beans‟. Meaning. „I didn‟t mean to tell the secret‟.
Distinguishing between Real andMake-believe• Find which things could happen and which things could not happen.• Things that are real - Things in a passage that could happen.• Things that are make-believe - Things in a passage that could not really happen.• Key words: could really happen or could not really happen.