Y1 Spelling revision powerpoint tg 2012

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Y1 Spelling revision powerpoint tg 2012

  1. 1. Phonemes A phoneme is the smallest sound in a word.
  2. 2. Grapheme A grapheme is the written form of a phoneme.
  3. 3. Segmenting Segmenting is when we chop words up into their phonemes so we can spell them. cat = c-a-t
  4. 4. Blending Blending is when we push phonemes together to read a word. d-o-g spells dog
  5. 5. Vowels Vowels are the letters a e i o u
  6. 6. Consonants Consonants are all the letters in the alphabet that are not vowels. bcdfghjklmnp qrstvwxyz
  7. 7. Vowel digraphs Vowel digraphs are two vowels put together to make one phoneme. ea in read oa in boat
  8. 8. Consonant digraphs Consonant digraphs are two consonants put together to make one phoneme. ch in chip sh in shut
  9. 9. Split digraphs Split digraphs are when one vowel and the bossy /e/ are separated by a consonant. a-e in take i-e in bike
  10. 10. /sh/ phoneme/sh/ is a consonant digraph. shut, shop, hush, crash ________ _________
  11. 11. /ch/ phoneme /ch/ is a consonant digraph. chip, chill, lunch, much ________ ________
  12. 12. /th/ phoneme /th/ is a consonant digraph it can make a voiced or unvoiced sound. thin, thank, this that ________ _________
  13. 13. /ng/ phoneme /ng/ is a consonant digraph. it is usually at the end of a word. sing, bang, bring, telling _________ _________
  14. 14. /qu/ phoneme /q/ is always followed by the/u/ to make the /qu/ phoneme. quick, queen, quiet _________ _________
  15. 15. /ar/ phoneme /ar/ is a diphthong. start, cart, far, dark _________ __________
  16. 16. /ff/ phoneme/f/ at the end of a small word with a short vowel, is usually doubled. /f/ sound, as in “off”, then use /ff/ _________ if you hear a /v/, then use /f/
  17. 17. /ll/ phoneme an /l/ at the end of a small word with a short vowel, is usually doubled - /ll/ bell, doll, hill _________ _________
  18. 18. /ss/ and /zz/ phonemes/s/ or a /z/ at the end of a small word with a short vowel, is usually doubled miss, fuss, buzz ________ _________
  19. 19. /ck/ phonemes/c/ at the end of a small wordwith a short vowel, is usuallydoubled by adding /k/ = /ck/ clock, stuck, tick ________ _________
  20. 20. /y/ at the end of a word /ee/ sound at the end of a multisyllabic word is usually written as a /y//y/ only makes the /y/ sound when it is at the beginning of a word stinky, carefully, slowly ___________ ____________
  21. 21. the bossy /e/the bossy /e/ makes no sound inthe word, but the /e/ bosses over the consonant before it tochange the short vowel sound to a long one. like, cake, poke, cute __________ __________
  22. 22. /a-e/ phoneme the bossy /e/ makes theshort vowel /a/ go long = /a-e/ cake, name, plate ________ _________
  23. 23. /i-e/ phoneme the bossy /e/ makes the short vowel /i/ go long = /i-e/ bike, smile, pile ________ _________
  24. 24. /o-e/ phoneme the bossy /e/ makes the short vowel /o/ go long = /o-e/ poke, alone, home ________ _________
  25. 25. /u-e/ phoneme the bossy /e/ makes the short vowel /u/ go long = /u-e/ flute, cute, June ________ _________
  26. 26. /wh/ phoneme the /wh/ phoneme is a consonant digraph the /h/ is silent when, where, while, white ________ _________
  27. 27. /ay/ phonemethe /ay/ phoneme is a digraph it makes the long vowel /a/ sound hay, play, day, stay ________ _________
  28. 28. /ea/ phoneme the /ea/ phoneme is a vowel digraph it makes the long vowel /e/ sound each, tea, clean, peach ________ _________
  29. 29. /igh/ phonemethe /igh/ phoneme is a trigraph: 3 letters making 1 soundit makes the long vowel /i/ sound high, sigh, night, tight ________ _________
  30. 30. www.kalamundacs.wa.edu.au Visit our online resource pages

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