Japanese Calendar by Gautam & Friends , VIVAIMS
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Japanese Calendar by Gautam & Friends , VIVAIMS

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This Presentation is one of its kind, prepared by 10 assiduous students. They did a thorough research to gather sufficient data for this awe-inspiring presentation. ...

This Presentation is one of its kind, prepared by 10 assiduous students. They did a thorough research to gather sufficient data for this awe-inspiring presentation.
Gautam and his team did their best to make this presentation as lucid as possible and would definitely serve the students' requirement.

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  • 1. GROUP MEMBERS
  • 2. INTRODUCTION SINCE ANCIENT TIMES, CALENDARS HAVE BEEN INDISPENSABLE FOR KNOWING THE CHANGES OF DAYS, MONTHS AND SEASONS.  THE JAPANESE ERA CALENDAR SCHEME IS A COMMON CALENDAR SCHEME USED IN JAPAN, WHICH IDENTIFIES A YEAR BY THE COMBINATION OF THE YEAR NUMBER WITHIN THE ERA.  THE TRADITIONAL JAPANESE CALENDAR CONSISTS OF ERAS BASED ON THE REIGNING EMPERORS.
  • 3. OVERVIEW  THE JAPANESE SYSTEM OF quot;ERA NAMESquot; CALLED NENGO IS DEFINED BY THE LENGTH OF RULE OF EACH EMPEROR. ERA NAMES INDICATE THE VARIOUS REASONS FOR THEIR ADOPTION. FOR INSTANCE, THE NENGO , DURING THE NARA PERIOD WAS DECLARED DUE TO THE DISCOVERY OF COPPER DEPOSITS IN CHICHIBU.
  • 4. History …… DERIVED FROM CHINESE IMPERIAL PRACTICE IN 140 BCE. ADOPTED BY JAPAN 645 CE, DURING REIGN OF EMPEROR KOTOKU. NENGO, FIRST TO BE ASSIGNED “TAIKA”. CONVERSION TABLE FROM GREGORIAN CALENDAR YEARS TO NENGŌ
  • 5. Conversion table from Gregorian calendar years to Nengo EXAMPLE, THE 23RD YEAR OF THE SHOWA ERA (SHOWA 23) WOULD BE 1948: ILLUSTRATION: 1926 − 1 = 1925 ..., AND THEN 1925 + 23 = 1948 OR SHOWA 23.
  • 6. Nengo in Modern Japan  THE JAPANESE SYSTEM OF quot;ERA NAMESquot; CALLED NENGO IS DEFINED BY THE LENGTH OF RULE OF EACH EMPEROR. ON OCT. 23, 1868, THE ERA NAME WAS CHANGED ,AND A SYSTEM WAS ADOPTED, WHEREIN ERA NAMES WOULD CHANGE ONLY UPON IMPERIAL SUCCESSION.  THE JAPANESE NENGO SYSTEM DIFFERS FROM CHINESE PRACTICE, IN THAT IN THE CHINESE SYSTEM THE ERA NAME WAS NOT UPDATED UNTIL THE YEAR FOLLOWING THE EMPEROR'S DEATH.
  • 7. DIFFERENT ERA THE ASUKA PERIOD (飛鳥時代 ASUKA JIDAI), (592-645), THE NARA PERIOD (奈良時代 NARA-JIDAI), (740-745), THE HEIAN PERIOD (平安時代 HEIAN JIDAI),(794 TO 1185), THE KAMAKURA PERIOD (鎌倉時代 KAMAKURA JIDAI), (1185–1333) , THE MUROMACHI PERIOD (室町時代 MUROMACHI JIDAI), (1336 TO 1573), THE EDO PERIOD (江戸時代 EDO JIDAI), (1603 TO 1868), MODERN JAPAN THE MEIJI PERIOD (明治時代 MEIJI JIDAI), (1868 - 1912), THE TAISHŌ PERIOD (大正時代 TAISHŌ JIDAI),(1912 -1926), THE SHŌWA PERIOD (昭和時代 SHŌWA JIDAI),(1926 - 89), HEISEI (平成 ) IS CURRENTLY PREVAILING IN JAPAN. SINCE 1989.
  • 8. The Asuka Period (飛鳥時 代 Asuka jidai) ( 592-645) • Evolution of Yamato polity • Named after Asuka region • Known for significant artistic, social and political transformation
  • 9. The Nara Period (奈良時 代 Nara-jidai)  Covers the years from AD 710 to 794.  According to the ancient Japanese book Nihon Shoki, the name “Nara” derived from the Japanese verb narasu “ to flattenquot;.   Empress Gemmei (元明天皇 Gemmei-tennō) (661 – December 29, 721) was 43rd imperial of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.
  • 10. The Heian Period (平安時 代 Heian jidai)  The last division of classical Japanese History, running from 794 to 1185.  Heian (平安 ) means quot;peace and tranquilityquot; in Japanese.  Began in 794 after the movement of the capital of Japan to Heian-kyō (present day Kyoto), by the 50th emperor, Emperor Kammu (桓武天皇).
  • 11. The Kamakura Period (鎌倉時 代 Kamakura jidai)  (1185–1333) is a period of Japanese history that marks the governance by the Kamakura Shogunate, by the first shogun Minamato.  The Kamakura period ended in 1333 with the destruction of the shogunate and the short reestablishment of imperial rule.  The Kamakura period is also said to be the beginning of the quot;Japanese Middle Agesquot;
  • 12. The Muromachi Period (室町時 代 Muromachi jidai)  Also known as the Muromachi era, the Muromachi bakufu.  Was a division of Japanese History running from approximately 1336 to 1573.  The period marks the governance of the Muramachi, which was officially established in 1336 by the first Muromachi shogun, Ashikaga bakufu .
  • 13. The Edo Period (江戸時代 Edo jidai),  Division of Japanese history running from 1603 to 1868.  Was officially established in 1603 by the first Edo shogun Tokugawa Ieyasu.  The Edo period is also known as the beginning of the early modern period of Japan.
  • 14. MODERN JAPAN Meiji Era( Oct 23 1868- July 30 1912) Enlightened rule Modernization & Power status 122nd Emperor
  • 15. The Taishō period (大正時 代 Taishō jidai)  “Period of great righteousnessquot;, or Taishō era, is a period in the History of Japan dating from July 3, 1912 to December 25, 1926.  Led by Emperor Taisho  The Period ranged for a period of 14 years.  The era is considered the time of the liberal movement known as the quot;Taishō democracyquot; in Japan.
  • 16. The Shōwa Period (昭和時 代 Shōwa jidai) Hirohito also known as emperor showa. He was the 124th emperor of Japan. Covers the period from dec,1926 to Jan, 1989. Longest reign of all emperors. In 1937,it engaged in war with china. In Aug1945, suffered two atomic bomb attacks in history
  • 17. Heisei (平成 ) • Current era name in Japan • Heisei name taken from Chinese history and heisei means “peace everywhere” • This era started on JAN 8 1989, just on day after the death of Emperor Hirohito • Conversion of current year to heisei: last two digit of the year and add 12 • Ex.: 2009:09+12=Heisei 21(Heisei ni ju itchi)
  • 18. ありがとう ございます。