ppt is related with the management of commons and basically related with the course of rural management..hope it will be a useful material for some one across the globe...regards gautam sagar Hriday Vivek
INTRODUCTION Tanzania’s vast grasslands, numerous water courses and dry season swamps made the planes favourable for livestock herding. Tanzania and elsewhere negative perceptions pervade pastoral policy and management, especially in regard to livestock mobility and the migration of pastoralists to new territories outside. Pastoralists suffer from the effects of settlement, encroachment on their traditional pastures Lack of understanding of pastoralism by policy makers Twin encroachment by state and private interests
OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY To understand the situation of common property resource in Usangu Tanzania To understand the degrading pastural land in Usangu Tanzania To protect land resources from degradation for sustainable development.
PROBLEMS Intense grazing pressure on the remaining grasslands is causing severe bush encroachment, rendering them less productive for grazing. Livestock diseases has become rampant in the region and mortality rates are high. This made migration easier and hard to exclude outsiders. National identity of Tanzanians, as opposed to individual ethnic identities, was emphasized.
GOVT. PROPOSAL Establishing “range development areas”, where each area would have a corresponding range development commission for controlling settlement and natural resource use. Range development areas would be managed as communal property, and corporate groups of herders would be allowed to form ranching organization there It will encourage pastoral communities to form savings and credit institutions such as savings and credit societies, trust funds and rural banks. In addition, financial institutions will be encouraged to work with pastoral communities to develop an appropriate credit system. while the Government encourages livestock owners in overgrazed areas to move to lower stocked areas
Framework Availability of Promote efficient Govt. & Sangu Grazing Ground utilization of Chief rangelands & Empower pastoralist institutions Tradition Grazing and agriculture Sangu People Denial of non- sangu people Degraded Pasture land
Results Extensive areas of pasture were used for small scale irrigated rice production by immigrants. Currently 25 different ethnic farmer groups reside there claiming the lands they have developed for agriculture Remaining rangeland became open access Remaining rangeland is shared by 6 ethnic group of livestock herders They follow their own cultural practices disrupting practices of another group Presently there is no regional resource management framework
Rules and laws Certificates of village land will be issued to protect common property regimes. The Government will recognise and respect the rights of pastoral communities to their traditional grazing lands and will promote communal initiatives for better management and integrated exploitation of rangeland resources. Security of tenure for pastoralists in pastoral land areas will be guaranteed by appropriate measures including gazetting to protect grazing lands from encroachment.
CONCLUSION Demarcation and titling of land and elimination of mobility is the most popular approach being proposed by the government in almost all policies and strategies. privatisation of land which is likely to have very negative consequences for the poorer members of the community because they will be denied access to the resources which are currently accessible to all. Need of common property rights and Mutual understanding among the sangu people