Fft Presentation(2)

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  • 1. FIRE
    • COMBUSTION TAKES PLACE WHEN OXYGEN , SOURCE OF HEAT & COMBUSTIBLE MATERIAL COMBINE TOGETHER & REACH THE IGNITION TEMPERATURE.
    COMBUSTIBLE MATERIAL SOURCE OF HEAT OXYGEN FIRE
  • 2. CLASSIFICATION OF FIRE
    • “ A” CLASS FIRE - GENERAL FIRE
    • “ B” CLASS FIRE - OIL FIRE
    • “ C” CLASS FIRE - GAS FIRE
    • “ D” CLASS FIRE - METALLIC FIRE
    • “ E” CLASS FIRE - ELECTRIC FIRE
  • 3. “ A” CLASS FIRE
    • “ A” CLASS FIRE OR GENERAL FIRE
    • FIRE INVOLVING ORDINARY COMBUSTIBLE MATERIALS LIKE WOOD , PAPER , TEXTILE ETC. WHERE THE COOLING BY WATER IS ESSENTIAL FOR THE EXTINGUISHING OF FIRE
    “ B” CLASS FIRE
    • “ B” CLASS FIRE ( OIL FIRE )
    • FIRE INVOLVING INFLAMMABLE LIQUIDS LIKE OIL , ORGANIC SOLVENTS , PETROLEUM PRODUCTS , VARNISH , PAINTS , ETC. WHERE A BLANKETING EFFECT IS REQUIRED
  • 4. “ C” CLASS FIRES
    • “ C” CLASS FIRES (GAS FIRES )
    • FIRE INVOLVING GASEOUS SUBSTANCES LIKE L.P.G. WHERE IT IS NECESSARY TO DILUTE THE GAS & TO COOL THE GAS STORAGE TANK OR CYLINDER
    “ D” CLASS FIRES
    • “ D” CLASS FIRES (METALLIC FIRES )
    • FIRE INVOLVING BURNINGS & POWDERS OF COMBUSTIBLE METALS LIKE MAGNESIUM , ALUMINUM , ZINC ETC. WHERE THE BURNING IS REACTIVE TO WATER . IT REQUIRES SPECIAL EXTINGUISHING AGENT TO EXTINGUISH THIS TYPE OF FIRE
    “ E” CLASS FIRES
    • “ E” CLASS FIRES (ELECTRICAL FIRES )
    • FIRE INVOLVING ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT WITH LIVE ELECTRIC CURRENT FLOWING IN THE EQUIPMENT
  • 5. TYPES OF FIRE EXTINGUISHERS
    • SODA ACID TYPE FOR GENERAL FIRE
    • FOAM TYPE FOR OIL FIRE
    • CARBON DIOXIDE TYPE FOR OIL, GAS &
    • ELECTRICAL FIRE
    • DRY CHEMICAL POWDER FOR OIL, GAS &
    • ELECTRICAL FIRE
    • VAPOURISING LIQUID FOR OIL, GAS & EXTINGUISHER (HALON1211) ELECTRICAL FIRE .
  • 6. ACCIDENTAL FIRE
    • CARELESSNESS
    • ELECTRICITY
    • SPARK
    • ACTION OF THE SUN
    • EXPLOSION &
    • LIGHTNING
    CAUSES OF FIRE BY ELECTRICITY
    • OVER SIZE FUSE
    • OVER LOADING
    • CARELESSNESS OR IGNORANCE
    • SUB STANDARD MATERIAL
    • POOR WORKMANSHIP.
    • STATIC ELECTRICITY
  • 7. COMPONENTS OF EARLY WARNING SYSTEM
    • SMOKE DETECTOR
    • HEAT DETECTOR
    • RESPONSE INDICATOR
    • MANUAL CALL POINT
    • MAIN PANEL
    FIRE FIGHTING EQUIPMENT IN THE HOTEL
    • PORTABLE FIRE EXTINGUISHERS
    • FIRE HYDRANTS
    • SPRINKLER SYSTEM
    • SMOKE DETECTORS
    • HEAT DETECTORS
    • WATER STORAGE TANKS
  • 8. STEPS TO BE TAKEN WHILE FIGHTING FIRE
    • TRY TO SAVE LIVES FIRST
    • DO NOT ENDANGER YOUR OWN LIFE
    • USE SMOKE MASKS WHILE ENTERING A SMOKEY AREA
    • TRY TO STOP THE SPREAD OF FIRE
    • USE THE CORRECT TYPE OF FIRE EXTINGUISHER
    • ALWAYS CRAWL IN A SMOKEY AREA
    • DO NOT PUT WATER ON OIL OR ELECTRIC FIRES.
    • DO NOT USE ELEVATOR IN CASE OF FIRE
  • 9. DO’S
    • STACK THE MATERIAL PROPERLY & AWAY FROM POWER LINES / INFLAMMABLE MATERIALS
    • THE DUSTBIN SHOULD BE CLEARED REGULARLY
    • ALWAYS SWITCH “OFF” THE ELECTRICAL APPLIANCES AFTER USE
    • ALWAYS KEEP INFLAMMABLE MATERIALS OUTSIDE AT A SAFE PLACE
    • ALWAYS KEEP EMERGENCY PATHWAYS CLEAR .
    • ALWAYS EXTINGUISH MATCH STICKS / CIGARETTES BEFORE DISPOSAL
  • 10. DON’TS
    • DO NOT OVERHEAT THE OIL OR FAT WHILE COOKING
    • DO NOT LEAVE ANY EQUIPMENT UNATTENDED WHEN THEY ARE “ON” OR LEFT ON OVER A HEAT SOURCE
    • DO NOT KEEP LINEN NEAR ELECTRICAL PANELS
    • DO NOT OVER DRY THE KITCHEN DUSTERS
    • DO NOT STORE ANYTHING IN FRONT OF FIRE FIGHTING APPLIANCES & EMERGENCY EXITS
    • DO NOT ALLOW TEMPORARY ELECTRICAL CONNECTIONS
    • DO NOT OVERLOAD ELECTRICAL CIRCUITS
    • DO NOT USE MULTIPLUGS
    • DO NOT IGNORE FIRE ALARMS