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FIRE <ul><li>COMBUSTION TAKES PLACE WHEN OXYGEN , SOURCE OF HEAT & COMBUSTIBLE MATERIAL COMBINE TOGETHER & REACH THE IGNIT...
CLASSIFICATION OF FIRE <ul><li>“ A” CLASS FIRE - GENERAL FIRE </li></ul><ul><li>“ B” CLASS FIRE - OIL FIRE </li></ul><ul><...
“ A” CLASS FIRE <ul><li>“ A” CLASS FIRE OR GENERAL FIRE </li></ul><ul><li>FIRE INVOLVING ORDINARY COMBUSTIBLE MATERIALS LI...
“ C” CLASS FIRES <ul><li>“ C” CLASS FIRES (GAS FIRES ) </li></ul><ul><li>FIRE INVOLVING GASEOUS SUBSTANCES LIKE L.P.G. WHE...
TYPES OF FIRE EXTINGUISHERS <ul><li>SODA ACID TYPE FOR GENERAL FIRE </li></ul><ul><li>FOAM TYPE FOR OIL FIRE </li></ul><ul...
ACCIDENTAL FIRE <ul><li>CARELESSNESS </li></ul><ul><li>ELECTRICITY </li></ul><ul><li>SPARK </li></ul><ul><li>ACTION OF THE...
COMPONENTS OF EARLY WARNING SYSTEM <ul><li>SMOKE DETECTOR </li></ul><ul><li>HEAT DETECTOR </li></ul><ul><li>RESPONSE INDIC...
STEPS TO BE TAKEN WHILE FIGHTING FIRE <ul><li>TRY TO SAVE LIVES FIRST </li></ul><ul><li>DO NOT ENDANGER YOUR OWN LIFE </li...
DO’S <ul><li>STACK THE MATERIAL PROPERLY & AWAY FROM POWER LINES / INFLAMMABLE MATERIALS </li></ul><ul><li>THE DUSTBIN SHO...
DON’TS <ul><li>DO NOT OVERHEAT THE OIL OR FAT WHILE COOKING </li></ul><ul><li>DO NOT LEAVE ANY EQUIPMENT UNATTENDED WHEN T...
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Fft presentation(2)

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  1. 1. FIRE <ul><li>COMBUSTION TAKES PLACE WHEN OXYGEN , SOURCE OF HEAT & COMBUSTIBLE MATERIAL COMBINE TOGETHER & REACH THE IGNITION TEMPERATURE. </li></ul>COMBUSTIBLE MATERIAL SOURCE OF HEAT OXYGEN FIRE
  2. 2. CLASSIFICATION OF FIRE <ul><li>“ A” CLASS FIRE - GENERAL FIRE </li></ul><ul><li>“ B” CLASS FIRE - OIL FIRE </li></ul><ul><li>“ C” CLASS FIRE - GAS FIRE </li></ul><ul><li>“ D” CLASS FIRE - METALLIC FIRE </li></ul><ul><li>“ E” CLASS FIRE - ELECTRIC FIRE </li></ul>
  3. 3. “ A” CLASS FIRE <ul><li>“ A” CLASS FIRE OR GENERAL FIRE </li></ul><ul><li>FIRE INVOLVING ORDINARY COMBUSTIBLE MATERIALS LIKE WOOD , PAPER , TEXTILE ETC. WHERE THE COOLING BY WATER IS ESSENTIAL FOR THE EXTINGUISHING OF FIRE </li></ul>“ B” CLASS FIRE <ul><li>“ B” CLASS FIRE ( OIL FIRE ) </li></ul><ul><li>FIRE INVOLVING INFLAMMABLE LIQUIDS LIKE OIL , ORGANIC SOLVENTS , PETROLEUM PRODUCTS , VARNISH , PAINTS , ETC. WHERE A BLANKETING EFFECT IS REQUIRED </li></ul>
  4. 4. “ C” CLASS FIRES <ul><li>“ C” CLASS FIRES (GAS FIRES ) </li></ul><ul><li>FIRE INVOLVING GASEOUS SUBSTANCES LIKE L.P.G. WHERE IT IS NECESSARY TO DILUTE THE GAS & TO COOL THE GAS STORAGE TANK OR CYLINDER </li></ul>“ D” CLASS FIRES <ul><li>“ D” CLASS FIRES (METALLIC FIRES ) </li></ul><ul><li>FIRE INVOLVING BURNINGS & POWDERS OF COMBUSTIBLE METALS LIKE MAGNESIUM , ALUMINUM , ZINC ETC. WHERE THE BURNING IS REACTIVE TO WATER . IT REQUIRES SPECIAL EXTINGUISHING AGENT TO EXTINGUISH THIS TYPE OF FIRE </li></ul>“ E” CLASS FIRES <ul><li>“ E” CLASS FIRES (ELECTRICAL FIRES ) </li></ul><ul><li>FIRE INVOLVING ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT WITH LIVE ELECTRIC CURRENT FLOWING IN THE EQUIPMENT </li></ul>
  5. 5. TYPES OF FIRE EXTINGUISHERS <ul><li>SODA ACID TYPE FOR GENERAL FIRE </li></ul><ul><li>FOAM TYPE FOR OIL FIRE </li></ul><ul><li>CARBON DIOXIDE TYPE FOR OIL, GAS & </li></ul><ul><li>ELECTRICAL FIRE </li></ul><ul><li>DRY CHEMICAL POWDER FOR OIL, GAS & </li></ul><ul><li>ELECTRICAL FIRE </li></ul><ul><li>VAPOURISING LIQUID FOR OIL, GAS & EXTINGUISHER (HALON1211) ELECTRICAL FIRE . </li></ul>
  6. 6. ACCIDENTAL FIRE <ul><li>CARELESSNESS </li></ul><ul><li>ELECTRICITY </li></ul><ul><li>SPARK </li></ul><ul><li>ACTION OF THE SUN </li></ul><ul><li>EXPLOSION & </li></ul><ul><li>LIGHTNING </li></ul>CAUSES OF FIRE BY ELECTRICITY <ul><li>OVER SIZE FUSE </li></ul><ul><li>OVER LOADING </li></ul><ul><li>CARELESSNESS OR IGNORANCE </li></ul><ul><li>SUB STANDARD MATERIAL </li></ul><ul><li>POOR WORKMANSHIP. </li></ul><ul><li>STATIC ELECTRICITY </li></ul>
  7. 7. COMPONENTS OF EARLY WARNING SYSTEM <ul><li>SMOKE DETECTOR </li></ul><ul><li>HEAT DETECTOR </li></ul><ul><li>RESPONSE INDICATOR </li></ul><ul><li>MANUAL CALL POINT </li></ul><ul><li>MAIN PANEL </li></ul>FIRE FIGHTING EQUIPMENT IN THE HOTEL <ul><li>PORTABLE FIRE EXTINGUISHERS </li></ul><ul><li>FIRE HYDRANTS </li></ul><ul><li>SPRINKLER SYSTEM </li></ul><ul><li>SMOKE DETECTORS </li></ul><ul><li>HEAT DETECTORS </li></ul><ul><li>WATER STORAGE TANKS </li></ul>
  8. 8. STEPS TO BE TAKEN WHILE FIGHTING FIRE <ul><li>TRY TO SAVE LIVES FIRST </li></ul><ul><li>DO NOT ENDANGER YOUR OWN LIFE </li></ul><ul><li>USE SMOKE MASKS WHILE ENTERING A SMOKEY AREA </li></ul><ul><li>TRY TO STOP THE SPREAD OF FIRE </li></ul><ul><li>USE THE CORRECT TYPE OF FIRE EXTINGUISHER </li></ul><ul><li>ALWAYS CRAWL IN A SMOKEY AREA </li></ul><ul><li>DO NOT PUT WATER ON OIL OR ELECTRIC FIRES. </li></ul><ul><li>DO NOT USE ELEVATOR IN CASE OF FIRE </li></ul>
  9. 9. DO’S <ul><li>STACK THE MATERIAL PROPERLY & AWAY FROM POWER LINES / INFLAMMABLE MATERIALS </li></ul><ul><li>THE DUSTBIN SHOULD BE CLEARED REGULARLY </li></ul><ul><li>ALWAYS SWITCH “OFF” THE ELECTRICAL APPLIANCES AFTER USE </li></ul><ul><li>ALWAYS KEEP INFLAMMABLE MATERIALS OUTSIDE AT A SAFE PLACE </li></ul><ul><li>ALWAYS KEEP EMERGENCY PATHWAYS CLEAR . </li></ul><ul><li>ALWAYS EXTINGUISH MATCH STICKS / CIGARETTES BEFORE DISPOSAL </li></ul>
  10. 10. DON’TS <ul><li>DO NOT OVERHEAT THE OIL OR FAT WHILE COOKING </li></ul><ul><li>DO NOT LEAVE ANY EQUIPMENT UNATTENDED WHEN THEY ARE “ON” OR LEFT ON OVER A HEAT SOURCE </li></ul><ul><li>DO NOT KEEP LINEN NEAR ELECTRICAL PANELS </li></ul><ul><li>DO NOT OVER DRY THE KITCHEN DUSTERS </li></ul><ul><li>DO NOT STORE ANYTHING IN FRONT OF FIRE FIGHTING APPLIANCES & EMERGENCY EXITS </li></ul><ul><li>DO NOT ALLOW TEMPORARY ELECTRICAL CONNECTIONS </li></ul><ul><li>DO NOT OVERLOAD ELECTRICAL CIRCUITS </li></ul><ul><li>DO NOT USE MULTIPLUGS </li></ul><ul><li>DO NOT IGNORE FIRE ALARMS </li></ul>

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