3 Wines Of Italy


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3 Wines Of Italy

  1. 1. Italy                                                                                                                                           
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>Italy has been making wine for at least 2500 years </li></ul><ul><li>It is a small country but produces almost 1/4 th of the total wines of the World </li></ul><ul><li>Italy contends with France as the world’s largest wine producer </li></ul><ul><li>Italy is divided into twenty wine regions. </li></ul><ul><li>The top regions producing quality wines (those ranked as DOC or DOCG) are Veneto, Piedmont, Tuscany and Emilia-Romagna </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristic wise, the red wines are full bodied, robust and ageing time is longer. </li></ul><ul><li>The quality wines range from sweet to dry, from sparkling to table and from hearty to light and delicate. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Romans did the farming and they gave very good wines to the world. </li></ul><ul><li>After the fall of Romans ‘church' took up the cultivation of vine. </li></ul><ul><li>Italy has often called “the vineyards of world” </li></ul><ul><li>Nomenclature is generic as well as varietals. </li></ul><ul><li>Alcoholic %is more than European wines. </li></ul><ul><li>Red wines are matured for a long time. </li></ul><ul><li>Northern half produces red wines, southern half gives white wines . </li></ul>Introduction
  4. 4. Wine Laws <ul><li>Denominazione di Origine Controllata (DOC) </li></ul><ul><li>Deh-NAW-mee-nah-TSYAW-neh dee oh-REE-jee-neeh con-traw-LAH-tah </li></ul><ul><li>Established in 1963 and implemented in 1966. “Controlled Denomination of Origin” </li></ul><ul><li>DOC specifies: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Geographical limit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grape variety that can be used </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maximum yield per acre </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Minimum alcoholic content </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The ageing period </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In 1990, tasting commission for appearance, colour, bouquet and flavour </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chemical analysis to determine alcohol, acidity and residual sugar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Classico : An area within a larger geographical region </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Superiore (soo-payr-YOH-reh) : Indicates that the wine has slightly higher alcoholic strength, due to riper grapes, fuller flavour & superior wine </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Wine Laws <ul><li>Denominazione di Origine Controllata e Garantita (DOCG) </li></ul><ul><li>Deh-NAW-mee-nah-TSYAW-neh dee oh-REE-jee-neeh con-traw-LAH-tah eh gah-rahn-TEE-tah </li></ul><ul><li>Established in early 1980’s </li></ul><ul><li>Premium wine category, encompasses all DOC laws and even more demanding </li></ul><ul><li>“ Garantita” – The Italian government’s quality guarantee </li></ul><ul><li>Government testers examine and taste wines before its is bottled </li></ul><ul><li>There are only 23 regions which have the capability to produce DOCG wines </li></ul><ul><li>Main DOGC’s </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Barolo and Barbaresco (PIEDMONT) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Brunello di Montalcino, Vino nobile di Montepulciano, Chianti (TUSCANY) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Albana di Romagna (EMILIA-ROMAGNA ) </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Wine Laws <ul><li>Indicazione Geografica Tipica (IGT) </li></ul><ul><li>Indica-ZEE-neh geeo-GRAFI-ca ti-PEE-ca </li></ul><ul><li>Second level of Italian wine classification </li></ul><ul><li>IGT wines are officially approved as representative of the region </li></ul><ul><li>The Label may mention the region, grape variety and the vintage </li></ul><ul><li>Vino da tavola (Vdt) </li></ul><ul><li>VEE-noh dah Tah-voh-lah </li></ul><ul><li>Lowest level of classification </li></ul><ul><li>Vdt wines are officially approved as representative of the country </li></ul><ul><li>Mainly due to the use of un approved grapes </li></ul>
  7. 7. Main grape varieties <ul><li>Red Wine Grape </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nebbiolo (neh-b’YOH-loh) : Used for Barolo and Barbaresco </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sangiovese (san-joh-VAY-zeh) : Derived from “Sanjuis Jovis” meaning ‘Blood of Jupiter’. Used for production of Brunello, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Barbera </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Merlot </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pinot nero </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Corvina </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bonarda </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cabernet franc </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dolcetto </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Freisa </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Main grape varieties <ul><li>White Wine Grape </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Moscato Bianco – Used for Moscate d’Asti, a dessert wine. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trebbiano </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chardonnay </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sauvignon Blanc </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Albana </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Malvasia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Riesling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Garganega </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Famous region of Italy <ul><li>Piedmont </li></ul><ul><li>Lombardy </li></ul><ul><li>Veneto </li></ul><ul><li>Alto adigo </li></ul><ul><li>Tuscany </li></ul><ul><li>Emilla romagna </li></ul><ul><li>Sicily </li></ul><ul><li>Sardania </li></ul><ul><li>Umbria </li></ul>
  10. 10. Tuscany Toscana Tos-CAH-na
  11. 11. Veneto VEH-neh-toh
  12. 12. Piedmont PEED-mawnt Piemonte pay-MAWN-tay
  13. 13. Piedmont <ul><li>An important wine producing region in the North west of Italy </li></ul><ul><li>The capital Piedmont is Turin </li></ul><ul><li>Piedmont means “foot of the mountains”, The Alps </li></ul><ul><li>Alps create a natural boundary between France and Switzerland </li></ul><ul><li>Piedmont has 7 DOCG regions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Barolo </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Barbaresco </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gavi </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Asti </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gattinara </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ghemme </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Brachetto d’Acqui </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The dominant red grapes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nebbiolo and Barbera </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The dominant white grapes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cortese and Moscato Bianco </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Sicily <ul><li>Biggest island in the Mediterranean </li></ul><ul><li>Italy’s largest wine producing region </li></ul><ul><li>The better known DOC’s are Etna and Marsala </li></ul><ul><li>White Wine Grape </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Catarratto (kah-tahr-RAHT-toh) : A white wine grape grown only in Sicily. Primary grape of Sicily </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trebbiano </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Make neutral wines with high acid, medium alcohol and very little flavour or aroma </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Known as Ugni Blanc or Saint Emillion in France </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Red Wine Grape </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nero d’Avola (NAY-roh DAH-voh-lah) : Red wine grape only grown is Sicily. Makes dark-red, rich wines with aging potential. The wines are often blended with other varieties to give a wine more balance </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Marsala Marsala is a sweet fortified wine like sherry. Must is plastered with calcium sulphate with vino cotto a dark colored evaporated must. Fortified with brandy it is the way to mature marsala that is exposed to sunlight in casks during the day time and left in the cold during the night time for 2 to 5 years. It has a unique flavour and brown colour. It was originated by john woodhouse in 1773.
  16. 16. More <ul><li>Grappa (GRAHP-pah) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Made commercially since the 18 th century </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This colourless, high – alcoholic EAU DE VIE is distilled from POMACE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>POMACE – The residue of grapes, skins and seeds left in the wine press after the juice has been removed from wine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grappa’s are sometimes also aged </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The ultimate Grappa is spicy, golden coloured UE (OO-eh), which has been aged in wood </li></ul></ul>