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Digestive System Medical Procedures

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Presentation on the Digestive System.

Presentation on the Digestive System.

Published in: Health & Medicine

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  • 1. DIGESTIVE SYSTEM MEDICAL PROCEDURES
    Gernell J. Austin
  • 2. Human Digestive System
    Breaks down and processes food content for use within the body.
    Made up of many different organs.
    Uses two types of digestion:
    Mechanical Digestion
    Chemical Digestion
    Absorbs nutrients from food into bloodstream
    Eliminates unused food as solid waste.
  • 3. Organs of the Digestive System
    Oral Cavity
    Pharynx
    Esophagus
    Stomach
    Duodenum
    Small Intestine
    Large Intestine (Colon)
    Cecum
    Appendix
    Rectum
    Anus
    Parotid Salivary Gland
    Teeth
    Tongue
    Sublingual Salivary Gland
    Submandibular Salivary Gland
    Liver
    Gallbladder
    Pancreas
    Gastrointestinal Tract (Digestive Organs)
    Accessory Digestive Organs
  • 4. Digestive Complications
    Digestive complications may occur
    As a result; during life
    By genetics; or both
    Gastroenterologist can perform medical procedures to resolve complications of the digestive system.
    Four are explained next.
  • 5. Colonoscopy
    Endoscopic procedure where a colonoscope is passed through the anus to examine upper portions of the colon.
    Polyps & small growth can be removed during this procedure.
    Polyposis is a pathology in which a colonoscopy can resolve.
  • 6. Hernioplasty
    (her-nee-oh-PLAS-tee)
    Therapeutic procedure which results in the surgical repair of a hernia.
    Also known as herniorrhaphy.
    Hiatal hernia is a type of hernia that can be repaired by hernioplasty.
  • 7. Choledocholithotripsy
    (koh-led-oh-koh-LITH-oh-trip-see)
    Therapeutic procedure that crushes gallstones in the common bile duct.
    Cholelithiasis, or presence of gallstones; may or may not cause symptoms such as cholecystalgia.
    Either case can be resolved by choledocholithotripsy.
  • 8. Anastomosis
    (an-nas-toh-MOH-sis)
    Surgical procedure to create a connection between two organs or vessels.
    For example, to join together two section of the intestine after a section has been removed.
    Volvulus is a condition that can be treated by anastomosis.