Country- India Region South India Established 1 November 1956 Capital Thiruvananthapuram Largest city Thiruvananthapuram Largest UA Kochi Districts 14 total
British India was partitioned in 1947 into India and Pakistan, Travancore and Cochin voluntarily joined the Union of India and on 1 July 1949 were merged to form Travancore-Cochin. On 1 January 1950 (Republic Day), Travancore-Cochin was recognised as a state. On 1 November 1956, the state of Kerala was formed by the States Reorganisation Act merging the Malabar district, Travancore-Cochin ,the taluk of Kasargod and South Kanara. In 1957, elections for the new Kerala Legislative Assembly were held, and a reformist, communist-led government came to power, under E.M.S. Namboodiripad.
The oldest of the surviving Hindu Puranas, the Matsya Purana, sets the story of the first of the incarnations of Lord Vishnu, the Matsya Avatar, and King Manu (King Satyavrata, mankinds ancestor), among Keralas Malaya Mountains Religion Percent Hinduism 56.2% Islam 24.7% Christianity 19.0% Others 1.1%
•Keralas culture is derived from both a Tamil-heritage region known as Tamilakam andsouthern coastal Karnataka.Later, Keralas culture was elaborated upon through centuries of contact withneighboring and overseas cultures.Performing arts include koodiyattom , kathakali—from katha (story) ,kali(performance)—and its offshoot Kerala natanam, Kaliyattam -(North Malabar special),koothu (akin to stand-up comedy), mohiniaattam (dance of the enchantress),Theyyam, thullal NS padayani. Kathakali and Mohiniattam are widely recognized Indian Classical Dance traditionsfrom Kerala.
Keralas Government is based on rules and regulations determined by the Government of India. The State is governed via a parliamentary system of representative democracy; universal suffrage is granted to state residents. There are three branches of government.The unicameral legislature, the Kerala Legislative Assembly, comprises elected members and special office bearers (the Speaker and Deputy Speaker) elected by the members from among themselves. Kerala has 140 Assembly constituencies.The state sends 20 members to the Lok Sabha and 9 to the Rajya Sabha, the Indian Parliaments upper house - Governor M. O. H. Farook - Chief Minister Oommen Chandy (INC) - Legislature Unicameral (140- seats) - Parliamentary constituency 20 - High Court Kerala High Court
Since independence, Kerala was managed as a democratic socialist welfare economy. Since the 1990s, liberalisation of the mixed economy allowed onerous Licence Raj restrictions against capitalism and foreign direct investment (FDI)to be lightened, leading to economic expansion and job creation. Keralas economy depends on emigrants working in foreign countries (mainly in the Persian Gulf countries such as United Arab Emirates or Saudi Arabia) and remittances annually contribute more than a fifth of GSDP. Keralas Human Development Index rating is the highest in India.This apparently paradoxical "Kerala phenomenon" or "Kerala model of development" of high human and low economic development results from the strong service sector.