“ Human Resource Development is a series of organized activities, conducted within a specialized time and designed to produce behavioral changes”
“ HRD means safeguarding, maintaining, improving existing skills as well as bringing into light the potential skills of human beings (i.e. human resource) so as to increase their productivity for ultimate well-being of organizations as well as their own”.
Human resource development is a process in which employees of the organizations are recognized as its human resource. It believes that human resource is most valuable assets of the organization.
It stresses on development of human resources of the organization. It helps employees of the organization to develop their general capabilities in relation to their present jobs and expected future role.
It emphasize on the development and best utilization of the capabilities of individuals in the interest of the employees and organization.
It helps in establishing/developing better inter-personal relations. It stresses on developing relationship based on help, trust and confidence.
It promotes team spirit among employees.
It tries to develop competencies at the organizational level. It stresses on providing healthy climate for development in the organization.
HRD is a system. It has several sub-systems. All these sub-systems are inter-related and interwoven. It stresses on collaboration among all sub-systems.
It treats the workers as a tool who is expandable and replaceable. They treat the people as an assest to be used and developed in the organization. 6 Wages are paid on personnel management on job basis. In the salary is related with the performance of of employees. 5 In case of this communication is generally indirect. Both direct and indirect communication can be used. 4 It is the traditional approach of the management and deals with the personnel in the organization. This is new approach for management. 3 It focuses on the achievement of objectives by giving more powers and authority to managers. It is mainly focused on co-ordinated and development of the personnel of the organization. 2 It deals with the rules and regulation made for the personnel working in the organization. This helps the superior to deal with their subordinate so as to achieve the objectives. It recognize the importance of employees. It makes policies and programmes for the development of employees. 1 Personnel Management HRD
4 It mainly aims to improve the efficiency of the employees. It aims at the development of the employees as well as organization as a whole. 3 Organization structure in case of human resource management is independent. It creates a structure, which is inter-dependent and inter-related. 2 It is mainly maintenance oriented It is development oriented 1 HRM HRD