Surrogacy Fact Sheet - Gaudium IVF Centre


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Everyone deserves a one of their own is the belief of a leading Delhi based top IVF clinic, Gaudium IVF Centre. Read on to know more about Surrogacy in India.

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Surrogacy Fact Sheet - Gaudium IVF Centre

  1. 1. Becoming or Using a Surrogate for treatment What is Surrogacy? Surrogacy refers to a situation where a woman agrees to conceive baby for another woman and once child is born, hand it over to the commissioning parents. It is a complex third party arrangement that involves medical, emotional, financial and legal issues. It may be an option when a woman doesn’t have a uterus or has a medical issue that makes pregnancy unsafe. Is there any key ethical issue in Surrogacy?   Everyone must be fully informed about the psychological, social and ethical issue before they go ahead with the procedure to prevent no regrets and surprises later. The emotional risks of giving up a child for adoption. What are the different types of Surrogacy? Straight Surrogacy also known as traditional surrogacy or partial surrogacy where the surrogate mother is genetically related to the child and sperm donor is the child’s genetic father. Host Surrogacy also known as gestational or total surrogacy where the woman carrying the child is not genetically related to the surrogate and the embryo may have been created from the following:    The genetic mother’s egg and father’s sperm Donor egg or donor sperm Donor egg and genetic father’s sperm What is the legal relationship between the surrogate mother and the child? Regardless of whether the surrogate mother is genetically related to the child or not, she is always treated as the child’s legal mother unless and until an order to transfer legal parenthood passed by the court. What are the chances of success with Surrogacy?
  2. 2. In many cases, surrogacy should have the same chance of birth as IVF itself. However some lifestyle change needs to make by surrogate to improve the chance of ongoing pregnancy such as being careful with caffeine and alcohol, not smoking, not using alternative therapies during the treatment etc. Who are eligible for Surrogacy arrangement? Surrogacy is not for all. The arrangement could be considered if:     A woman with absence of uterus, uterine lining, ovaries or other parts of the genital tract A woman with health condition that makes pregnancy unsafe or she may not be able to carry a baby to term. Couple with same sex relationship who may wish to have a child using their sperm A woman had multiple IVF failure Is there any medical risk involved with Surrogacy? Every medical procedure has some risks involved so as there are certain medical risks involved with surrogacy as well that may include:     There can be reactions to fertility drugs such as depression, irritation, headaches and restlessness. Rarely small risk of OHSS (ovarian hyper- stimulation syndrome) occurs such as vomiting, stomach pain, shortness of breath and faintness. Usual risk of pregnancy and birth on the surrogate Transfer of diseases such as hepatitis or HIV, but this is usually quite rare because necessary screening of everyone has been mandatory before the process begins.
  3. 3. Beginning the Process Medical Review of Intended parents and Surrogate Selection fo Surrogate and start of Surrogacy process. Surrogacy review panel consider to ensure that the legal requirement and guidelines are met for eligibility to proceed with the arrangement. Primary Counselling Stage for Surrogate and Intended parents Counselling session with all parties and explain implication and problemmay come. Psychological assessment of intended parents and surrogate mother Secondary Counselling Stage:Discuss issues raised and ensures all suggestions of surrogacy arrangements are discussed. Also provide opportunity to ask queries. Independent legal advice is given to the intended parents and surrogate (if applicable) Discuss issues raised and ensures all suggestions of surrogacy arrangements are discussed. Also provide opportunity to ask queries. Joint counselling session to ensure all parties agreeable to proceed the surrogacy. Application made to the Patient Review Panel for an appointment to be set. Final Counselling Stage After this Surrogacy Treatment starts.
  4. 4. Proceeding with Surrogacy Arrangement Surrogacy procedure starts with the complete understanding of the surrogacy arrangement cycles. At the beginning, all parties will be required to undertake screening blood tests for Hepatitis B&C, HIV AIDS, Cytomegalovirus, Syphilis and Human TLymphotropic Virus 1&2. If commissioning mother using her own eggs, then she and surrogate will also require screening for blood examination. In order to create the embryo(s), the intended mother (if using her own eggs) will be required to undergo IVF cycle which starts from Follicle stimulating hormone injections that are administered daily. The injections stimulate the development of ovarian follicles and after 5-7 days of injections, a stimulation scan is performed to measure the size and number of follicles. The egg collection process usually starts after 12-14 days of injections. Egg Collection is a one day procedure usually performed in the morning. Approximately 20 minutes it takes depending on the number of follicles to remove eggs from the ovaries. Some symptoms may be experienced after this procedure such as mild discomfort, tiredness and slight bleeding. That same afternoon, sperm is prepared from male partner or donor and added to the eggs for fertilization. If applicable, a period should be expected approx 8-14 days following the procedure. In some cases, periods may be irregular for 1-2 months after IVF cycle. Surrogacy Arrangement and the Use of Embryos Donor The embryos for surrogacy may not always be formed from the eggs and the sperm of the commissioning parents. In some cases embryo may be formed from a number of biological sources such as:    The commissioning mother’s egg and sperm donor An egg donor and the commissioning sperm Neither commissioning parent involved- the surrogate is implanted with the donated embryo. A - 41 Chander Nagar, Janakpuri West Metro Station Janakpuri. New Delhi - 110058 Mobile: +91-98107 39199, Email: Web: