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National Higher Education Policies towards ASEAN Community 2015 <ul><li>5 th  Director General, Secretary General, Commiss...
Contents <ul><li>Introduction to the ASEAN Community by 2015 </li></ul><ul><li>Higher Education Thrusts in Each Southeast ...
ASEAN Community 2015 <ul><li>Section 1 </li></ul>
ASEAN Community Goals <ul><li>The ASEAN Leaders adopted the Declaration of ASEAN Concord II (Bali Concord II) in Bali, Ind...
ASEAN Community Goals <ul><li>The ASEAN Community shall be established comprising three pillars, namely political and secu...
The 13th ASEAN Summit  <ul><li>The ASCC Blueprint ensures that concrete actions are undertaken to promote the establishmen...
ACCC Education Objectives <ul><li>creating a knowledge based society;  </li></ul><ul><li>achieving universal access to pri...
Actions <ul><li>in close collaboration with the Southeast Asia Ministers of Education Organization (SEAMEO) and the ASEAN ...
Actions <ul><li>Strengthen collaboration with other regional and international educational organisations to enhance the qu...
Discussion ASEAN 2015 National Higher Education Policies  Regional Engagement strategies Higher Education Thrusts Research...
Higher education thrusts in each country <ul><li>Section 2 </li></ul>
Brunei Darussalam Emerging Trends in HE <ul><li>3 HEI’s offering certificate, diploma and degrees </li></ul><ul><li>Introd...
HE in Cambodia <ul><li>Higher Education only 30 years old </li></ul><ul><li>Variety of degrees and academic awards  </li><...
HE in Indonesia <ul><li>4 types of Higher Education Institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Academic and Vocational tracks </li></u...
HE in Lao PDR Emerging Trends <ul><li>160 colleges and 5 universities offering higher diplomas, bachelors, masters and PhD...
HE in Malaysia Emerging Trends <ul><li>Mixture of public and private universities, colleges, foreign universities, polytec...
HE in Myanmar <ul><li>Mission “ To create an education system that can  generate a learning society capable of facing the ...
HE in the Philippines & Emerging Trends <ul><li>Significant Number of Higher Education Institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Larg...
HE in Singapore &  Emerging Trends <ul><li>Internationalisation as a matter of bold national policy </li></ul><ul><li>Abil...
HE in Thailand &  Emerging Trends <ul><li>Public and private universities and colleges of higher education offering certif...
HE in Vietnam & Emerging Trends <ul><li>Junior colleges, universities, institutions and research institutes offering Vocat...
Common Higher Education Challenges in Southeast Asia <ul><li>Lack of qualified faculty staff </li></ul><ul><li>Limited exp...
Future Trends <ul><li>Global Education Thrusts </li></ul>
Massification:  <ul><li>cope with meeting demand, need for infrastructure, larger teaching corps.  </li></ul><ul><li>Impli...
Globalisation <ul><li>Policies and projects to respond to globalisation including mobility projects, branch campuses overs...
Mobility <ul><li>More than 2.5 million students studying out of their home country, estimated at 7 million by 2020. </li><...
Teaching, Learning & Curriculum <ul><li>Developing nations require specialists trained for science and technology and stro...
Quality  <ul><li>Quality assurance, accountability and qualification frameworks </li></ul><ul><li>The need for internation...
Financing <ul><li>Financing and public-good versus private-good debate </li></ul><ul><li>Education viewed as a major engin...
The Private Revolution <ul><li>The Private Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>30% of global higher education enrolment globally ...
Academic Profession <ul><li>Demand for academics has caused average base qualifications of academics to lower. </li></ul><...
Research <ul><li>Research universities are expensive to build and costly to maintain at world-class standards.  </li></ul>...
Information and Communication Technology <ul><li>The role of the internet in communicating knowledge. </li></ul><ul><li>So...
Demographics to 2030 * <ul><li>student participation will continue to expand </li></ul><ul><li>women will substantially ex...
Demographics to 2030 * <ul><li>Questions of access for disadvantaged groups will be central to government debates about ed...
Financial Implications 2030 * <ul><li>Research universities will see significant constraints on their budgets </li></ul><u...
Future policy discussion <ul><li>Section 3 </li></ul>
Discussion <ul><li>Helping Nations to meet the challenges facing their higher education systems:  </li></ul><ul><li>Key ar...
Sustainable Development & Social Responsibility <ul><li>University Social Responsibility </li></ul><ul><li>Poverty Allevia...
Cross-Border Higher Education <ul><li>Requires cooperation between countries and agreements between universities </li></ul...
National Development <ul><li>Relevance of higher education training for the labour market is a key issue </li></ul><ul><li...
Ensuring Quality <ul><li>Lack of required infrastructure and facilities </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of regulation of teachers q...
Research and Innovation <ul><li>Collaboration between competent research teams from multiple universities </li></ul><ul><l...
Regional engagement strategies on higher education <ul><li>Section 4 </li></ul>
Key Capacity Building Needs <ul><li>Quality Assurance training </li></ul><ul><li>Workforce development </li></ul><ul><li>R...
Intergovernmental Organisations <ul><li>ASEAN Quality Assurance Network (AQAN) should be strengthened, and linked to inter...
Intergovernmental Org’s <ul><li>Establish ASEAN standards for HEI’s including curriculum, equipment and facilities </li></...
Areas Requiring Further Research: <ul><li>Sustainable Development and Social Responsibility </li></ul><ul><li>Cross-border...
<ul><li>Together we can reach  </li></ul><ul><li>ASEAN Community 2015 </li></ul>Thank you for your participation and atten...
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7 national higher education policies towards asean community by 2015 v2

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Transcript of "7 national higher education policies towards asean community by 2015 v2"

  1. 1. National Higher Education Policies towards ASEAN Community 2015 <ul><li>5 th Director General, Secretary General, Commission of Higher Education Meeting </li></ul><ul><li>Nha Trang, Vietnam </li></ul>
  2. 2. Contents <ul><li>Introduction to the ASEAN Community by 2015 </li></ul><ul><li>Higher Education Thrusts in Each Southeast Asian Country </li></ul><ul><li>Future Higher Education Trends </li></ul><ul><li>Future Policy Discussion </li></ul><ul><li>Regional Engagement Strategies </li></ul>
  3. 3. ASEAN Community 2015 <ul><li>Section 1 </li></ul>
  4. 4. ASEAN Community Goals <ul><li>The ASEAN Leaders adopted the Declaration of ASEAN Concord II (Bali Concord II) in Bali, Indonesia on 7 October 2003 to establish an ASEAN Community by 2020. </li></ul>
  5. 5. ASEAN Community Goals <ul><li>The ASEAN Community shall be established comprising three pillars, namely political and security community, economic community, and socio-cultural community that are closely intertwined and mutually reinforcing for the purpose of ensuring durable peace, stability, and shared prosperity in the region. </li></ul>Political and Security Community Economic Community Socio-cultural Community
  6. 6. The 13th ASEAN Summit <ul><li>The ASCC Blueprint ensures that concrete actions are undertaken to promote the establishment of an ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community </li></ul>ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community Blueprint
  7. 7. ACCC Education Objectives <ul><li>creating a knowledge based society; </li></ul><ul><li>achieving universal access to primary education; </li></ul><ul><li>promoting early child care and development; and </li></ul><ul><li>enhancing awareness of ASEAN to youths through education and activities to build an ASEAN identity based on friendship and cooperation. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Actions <ul><li>in close collaboration with the Southeast Asia Ministers of Education Organization (SEAMEO) and the ASEAN University Network (AUN); </li></ul><ul><li>Promote and continue education networking in various levels of educational institutions </li></ul><ul><li>enhance and support student and staff exchanges and professional interactions </li></ul><ul><li>create research clusters among ASEAN institutions of higher learning, </li></ul>
  9. 9. Actions <ul><li>Strengthen collaboration with other regional and international educational organisations to enhance the quality of education in the region; </li></ul>
  10. 10. Discussion ASEAN 2015 National Higher Education Policies Regional Engagement strategies Higher Education Thrusts Research Areas Policy Discussions
  11. 11. Higher education thrusts in each country <ul><li>Section 2 </li></ul>
  12. 12. Brunei Darussalam Emerging Trends in HE <ul><li>3 HEI’s offering certificate, diploma and degrees </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction of ‘Discovery Year’ </li></ul><ul><li>Vision 2035 “ to build a first class education system that provides opportunities for every citizen and residence…” </li></ul><ul><li>Aiming for 40% participation rate </li></ul>
  13. 13. HE in Cambodia <ul><li>Higher Education only 30 years old </li></ul><ul><li>Variety of degrees and academic awards </li></ul><ul><li>HE and TVET HEIs are supervised by 12 different ministries or government institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Privatisation and quality identified as key issues </li></ul>
  14. 14. HE in Indonesia <ul><li>4 types of Higher Education Institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Academic and Vocational tracks </li></ul><ul><li>Diploma, Graduate Diploma, Masters, Doctorate, Islamic specialist </li></ul><ul><li>Information system and database </li></ul><ul><li>Scale and size of the institutions and disparity of capacity </li></ul><ul><li>M-I-T Mobility Project </li></ul>
  15. 15. HE in Lao PDR Emerging Trends <ul><li>160 colleges and 5 universities offering higher diplomas, bachelors, masters and PhDs - of which 77 HEI’s are private </li></ul><ul><li>Highlights include recent increase of general education to 12 years </li></ul><ul><li>Key Thrusts: </li></ul><ul><li>Producing good quality human resources </li></ul><ul><li>Contributing to the nation’s development </li></ul><ul><li>Developing appropriate higher education policies </li></ul><ul><li>Providing fair access to education </li></ul><ul><li>Relevance, quality and efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>Governance and financing. </li></ul>
  16. 16. HE in Malaysia Emerging Trends <ul><li>Mixture of public and private universities, colleges, foreign universities, polytechnics, and community colleges </li></ul><ul><li>Aiming for World Class Status by 2020 </li></ul><ul><li>7 Strategic Thrusts: </li></ul><ul><li>- widening access and equity </li></ul><ul><li>- improving quality of teaching and learning </li></ul><ul><li>- Enhancing research and innovation </li></ul><ul><li>- Strengthening higher education institutions </li></ul><ul><li>- Intensifying internationalisation </li></ul><ul><li>- Enculturation of lifelong learning </li></ul><ul><li>- Reinforcing delivery systems of the Ministry </li></ul>
  17. 17. HE in Myanmar <ul><li>Mission “ To create an education system that can generate a learning society capable of facing the challenges of the Knowledge Age.” </li></ul><ul><li>Introducing new assessment techniques </li></ul><ul><li>Current challenge is developing research and developing quality assurance </li></ul>
  18. 18. HE in the Philippines & Emerging Trends <ul><li>Significant Number of Higher Education Institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Large College Population </li></ul><ul><li>Diversity in Program Offerings </li></ul><ul><li>Key Challenge - Supply of Qualified Faculty </li></ul><ul><li>Emerging Trends: </li></ul><ul><li>Ensuring adequate Governance and Management </li></ul><ul><li>Rationalization of Quality Assurance Mechanisms in Higher Education </li></ul><ul><li>Improving Quality Assurance and Standards </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing Access to Higher Education </li></ul>
  19. 19. HE in Singapore & Emerging Trends <ul><li>Internationalisation as a matter of bold national policy </li></ul><ul><li>Ability-driven education system </li></ul><ul><li>Degree programme, diploma & certificate courses </li></ul><ul><li>Highlights include aim 30% subsidised places by 2015 and Quality Assurance Framework </li></ul><ul><li>Key Trends: </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing cohort participation rates </li></ul><ul><li>Enhancing continuing education and training landscapes </li></ul><ul><li>Maintaining affordability of higher education </li></ul><ul><li>Cross-border higher education </li></ul><ul><li>ASEAN Credit Transfer system </li></ul><ul><li>Building up research clusters </li></ul>
  20. 20. HE in Thailand & Emerging Trends <ul><li>Public and private universities and colleges of higher education offering certificate to doctorates </li></ul><ul><li>Several research universities </li></ul><ul><li>Key Trends </li></ul><ul><li>High Competencies Workforce </li></ul><ul><li>Regional Research Leaders </li></ul><ul><li>Regional Hub in Higher Education Provision </li></ul>
  21. 21. HE in Vietnam & Emerging Trends <ul><li>Junior colleges, universities, institutions and research institutes offering Vocational, Bachelor, Master and Doctorate courses </li></ul><ul><li>Current challenges include lack of academic staff and forging links to industry </li></ul><ul><li>Key Trends: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Structural adjustment </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>New programs and teaching/learning methods </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Workforce development - lecturing staff and managers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Increase in research activities </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>New financial mechanisms </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Increasing autonomy, social accountability and competitiveness </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Increasing international integration and competitiveness </li></ul></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Common Higher Education Challenges in Southeast Asia <ul><li>Lack of qualified faculty staff </li></ul><ul><li>Limited experience of quality assurance processes </li></ul><ul><li>Ensuring equitable access for all students </li></ul><ul><li>Geographic spread and diversity of universities </li></ul><ul><li>Limited research expertise </li></ul>
  23. 23. Future Trends <ul><li>Global Education Thrusts </li></ul>
  24. 24. Massification: <ul><li>cope with meeting demand, need for infrastructure, larger teaching corps. </li></ul><ul><li>Implications of diversity. Accessing subgroups not being included or appropriately served. </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing competition for scarce resources, ranking, decline in academic community. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Globalisation <ul><li>Policies and projects to respond to globalisation including mobility projects, branch campuses overseas and inter-institutional partnerships </li></ul><ul><li>English as the dominant language </li></ul><ul><li>Benchmarks and standards required to properly evaluate unfamiliar foreign qualifications </li></ul>
  26. 26. Mobility <ul><li>More than 2.5 million students studying out of their home country, estimated at 7 million by 2020. </li></ul><ul><li>Mostly South-North phenomenon. </li></ul><ul><li>Challenge of making mobility available to all, to ensure equity. </li></ul><ul><li>Call to expand programmes to include vocational placements and lecturer programmes. </li></ul>
  27. 27. Teaching, Learning & Curriculum <ul><li>Developing nations require specialists trained for science and technology and strong leaders with generalist knowledge who are creative and adaptable. </li></ul><ul><li>Teaching and learning has a direct impact on completion rates. </li></ul><ul><li>New professional related fields and diverse student populations require academic support and innovative pedagogy. </li></ul>
  28. 28. Quality <ul><li>Quality assurance, accountability and qualification frameworks </li></ul><ul><li>The need for internationally recognised standards among and between nations has become urgent. </li></ul><ul><li>Explosive growth of providers raises questions in regards to quality. </li></ul><ul><li>Mobility has made comparability of qualifications a key area to be identified. </li></ul><ul><li>Need to integrate national, regional and international efforts. </li></ul>
  29. 29. Financing <ul><li>Financing and public-good versus private-good debate </li></ul><ul><li>Education viewed as a major engine of economic development, so seen as a public good. </li></ul><ul><li>Governments can no longer keep up with demand, and provide free education. </li></ul><ul><li>Increasingly seen as a private good, as individual students benefit, so they are being asked to contribute. </li></ul><ul><li>Growing emphasis on cost recovery. </li></ul>
  30. 30. The Private Revolution <ul><li>The Private Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>30% of global higher education enrolment globally is in private institutions. </li></ul><ul><li>A further trend is the privatisation of public universities. HEIs are being asked to earn more of their operating expenditure. </li></ul><ul><li>Can contribute to commercialisation and conflict with traditional university roles. </li></ul>
  31. 31. Academic Profession <ul><li>Demand for academics has caused average base qualifications of academics to lower. </li></ul><ul><li>Up to half the world’s academic teaching population only have a bachelor degree. </li></ul><ul><li>Increase in part-time professors. </li></ul><ul><li>Globalised academic labour market and brain migration to countries who pay more. </li></ul>
  32. 32. Research <ul><li>Research universities are expensive to build and costly to maintain at world-class standards. </li></ul><ul><li>Extremely important to national development agendas. </li></ul><ul><li>Separation of research only, teaching only, or both universities. </li></ul><ul><li>Intellectual property, can result in a tension between knowledge for public good and knowledge for commercialisation. </li></ul>
  33. 33. Information and Communication Technology <ul><li>The role of the internet in communicating knowledge. </li></ul><ul><li>Social networking and the potential for collaboration over time and space. </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing division between those with access and those without. </li></ul><ul><li>Distance learning being transformed by ICT. </li></ul>
  34. 34. Demographics to 2030 * <ul><li>student participation will continue to expand </li></ul><ul><li>women will substantially expand their participation </li></ul><ul><li>The mix of the student population will be more diverse (including greater numbers, international students, mature-age students, part-time students) </li></ul><ul><li>The social base of higher education will continue to broaden </li></ul><ul><li>* Sourced from the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development 2008 </li></ul>
  35. 35. Demographics to 2030 * <ul><li>Questions of access for disadvantaged groups will be central to government debates about education </li></ul><ul><li>The academic profession will become more internationally oriented and mobile </li></ul><ul><li>The roles of academics will be more specialised </li></ul><ul><li>The need for ever-expanding numbers of university teachers will mean that overall qualifications may remain low and part-time lecturers will be used. </li></ul><ul><li>* Sourced from the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development 2008 </li></ul>
  36. 36. Financial Implications 2030 * <ul><li>Research universities will see significant constraints on their budgets </li></ul><ul><li>Student loan programmes will decrease worldwide </li></ul><ul><li>The system will face pressures to establish or increase fees to students </li></ul><ul><li>Cost-cutting practices may impact on quality at universities. </li></ul><ul><li>* Sourced from the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development 2008 </li></ul>
  37. 37. Future policy discussion <ul><li>Section 3 </li></ul>
  38. 38. Discussion <ul><li>Helping Nations to meet the challenges facing their higher education systems: </li></ul><ul><li>Key areas requiring further research </li></ul><ul><li>Regional actions to be undertaken </li></ul>University Actions National Actions Regional Actions
  39. 39. Sustainable Development & Social Responsibility <ul><li>University Social Responsibility </li></ul><ul><li>Poverty Alleviation </li></ul><ul><li>Socio-economic development </li></ul>
  40. 40. Cross-Border Higher Education <ul><li>Requires cooperation between countries and agreements between universities </li></ul><ul><li>Use ASEAN dimensions as platform to develop cross-border education initiatives </li></ul><ul><li>Regional Credit Transfer System (SEA-CTS) </li></ul><ul><li>Regulation / recognition framework should be developed </li></ul><ul><li>Organizing summer workshops for academic exchange on academic topics. </li></ul>
  41. 41. National Development <ul><li>Relevance of higher education training for the labour market is a key issue </li></ul><ul><li>Research required into the role of HEIs in human resource development for national development </li></ul><ul><li>How HEIs can help with a nations industrialisation. </li></ul><ul><li>High need for science and technology expertise. </li></ul><ul><li>How HEIs can help with poverty alleviation </li></ul>
  42. 42. Ensuring Quality <ul><li>Lack of required infrastructure and facilities </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of regulation of teachers qualifications </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity building required in quality assurance mechanisms </li></ul><ul><li>National frameworks on qualifications and accreditation systems required </li></ul>
  43. 43. Research and Innovation <ul><li>Collaboration between competent research teams from multiple universities </li></ul><ul><li>National and international networking </li></ul><ul><li>Country Citation Indexes </li></ul>
  44. 44. Regional engagement strategies on higher education <ul><li>Section 4 </li></ul>
  45. 45. Key Capacity Building Needs <ul><li>Quality Assurance training </li></ul><ul><li>Workforce development </li></ul><ul><li>Revising curriculum and delivery modes in programmes to meet labour market needs </li></ul><ul><li>Use of UMAP and other Credit Transfer systems </li></ul><ul><li>Mutual Recognition </li></ul><ul><li>Citation Indexes </li></ul><ul><li>Good governance and management of higher education </li></ul><ul><li>Policy formulation </li></ul>
  46. 46. Intergovernmental Organisations <ul><li>ASEAN Quality Assurance Network (AQAN) should be strengthened, and linked to international quality networks </li></ul><ul><li>Develop frameworks including quality assurance </li></ul><ul><li>Provide networking opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>Provide capacity building opportunities for all countries through seminars and study tours </li></ul>
  47. 47. Intergovernmental Org’s <ul><li>Establish ASEAN standards for HEI’s including curriculum, equipment and facilities </li></ul><ul><li>Revise curriculum and delivery modes in all programmes to meet labour market needs </li></ul><ul><li>Promote academic exchange and student mobility </li></ul><ul><li>Develop regional quality control and assurance system </li></ul><ul><li>Introduce a mechanism for good governance and management of higher education </li></ul>
  48. 48. Areas Requiring Further Research: <ul><li>Sustainable Development and Social Responsibility </li></ul><ul><li>Cross-border education </li></ul><ul><li>Higher Education and National Development </li></ul><ul><li>Ensuring Quality </li></ul><ul><li>Research and Innovation </li></ul><ul><li>Good Governance </li></ul>
  49. 49. <ul><li>Together we can reach </li></ul><ul><li>ASEAN Community 2015 </li></ul>Thank you for your participation and attention
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