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The Road to Internet of Things
The Road to Internet of Things
The Road to Internet of Things
The Road to Internet of Things
The Road to Internet of Things
The Road to Internet of Things
The Road to Internet of Things
The Road to Internet of Things
The Road to Internet of Things
The Road to Internet of Things
The Road to Internet of Things
The Road to Internet of Things
The Road to Internet of Things
The Road to Internet of Things
The Road to Internet of Things
The Road to Internet of Things
The Road to Internet of Things
The Road to Internet of Things
The Road to Internet of Things
The Road to Internet of Things
The Road to Internet of Things
The Road to Internet of Things
The Road to Internet of Things
The Road to Internet of Things
The Road to Internet of Things
The Road to Internet of Things
The Road to Internet of Things
The Road to Internet of Things
The Road to Internet of Things
The Road to Internet of Things
The Road to Internet of Things
The Road to Internet of Things
The Road to Internet of Things
The Road to Internet of Things
The Road to Internet of Things
The Road to Internet of Things
The Road to Internet of Things
The Road to Internet of Things
The Road to Internet of Things
The Road to Internet of Things
The Road to Internet of Things
The Road to Internet of Things
The Road to Internet of Things
The Road to Internet of Things
The Road to Internet of Things
The Road to Internet of Things
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The Road to Internet of Things

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  • 1. Jun. 25, 2014 Auto-ID Labs, KAIST Dept. of Computer Science, KAIST The Road to Internet of Things Daeyoung Kim Director of Auto-ID Labs, KAIST kimd@kaist.ac.kr, http://oliot.org, http://autoidlab.kaist.ac.kr, http://resl.kaist.ac.kr http://autoidlabs.org http://gs1.org
  • 2. © Auto-ID Lab Korea / KAIST Slide 2 (CASE I) Healthcare Application - KAIST Dr. M Project Health Monitoring Medical Assistance DrM Database 2013 2012 2011 Real-time Monitoring Data Historical Data DrM Database Bio Optic Sensor Bio Optic Sensor Healthcare Watch Healthcare Watch EEG biotelemetry Blood Pressure Blood Pressure stick-on Heart Rate Sensor Virus Monitoring Virus Monitoring Foot SensorFoot Sensor Smart SensorsSmart Sensors ECG SensorECG Sensor EEG biotelemetry stick-on Heart Rate Sensor Machine Learning Machine LearningBig AnalyticsBig Analytics Prediction Disease knowledge Sensors Communications, IoT Platform Analysis Prediction Discover Knowledge FDA/GS1 UDI
  • 3. © Auto-ID Lab Korea / KAIST Slide 3 (CASE II ) Smart Agriculture and Food Safety - Food Traceability System (Now)
  • 4. © Auto-ID Lab Korea / KAIST Slide 4 (CASE II ) Smart Agriculture and Food Safety - Food Traceability System (Now)
  • 5. © Auto-ID Lab Korea / KAIST Slide 5 [1] Track & Tracing & Recall [2] Smart Agriculture (Sensors & Actuators) [3] Global Access [4] Processed Foods [5] Smart Services & BigData (CASE II ) Smart Agriculture and Food Safety - Food Traceability System (Future)
  • 6. © Auto-ID Lab Korea / KAIST Slide 6 Future Internet ? New Internet Society
  • 7. © Auto-ID Lab Korea / KAIST Slide 7 2013 Hype Cycle for Emerging Technologies
  • 8. © Auto-ID Lab Korea / KAIST Slide 8 Market Prediction IDC forecasts 15 billion devices by the year 2015" ABI Research’s study, “Wireless Sensor Networks,” analyzes IEEE 802.15.4 and which standards, such as ZigBee, Wireless HART, and ISA100.11a, will influence and drive the market, as well as emerging technology and competitive solutions such as Z-Wave, 6LoWPAN, Bluetooth Smart, and Low Power Wi-Fi. 850 Million IEEE 802.15.4 Chipsets to Ship in 2016, Despite Strong Competition from Bluetooth
  • 9. © Auto-ID Lab Korea / KAIST Slide 9 More than 80 % of decision makers in worldwide companies plan to implement an IoT solution and 15% already have it. Source: A commissioned study conducted by Forrester Consulting on behalf of Zebra Technologies, June 2012 Surveying 646 global IT companies
  • 10. © Auto-ID Lab Korea / KAIST Slide 10 Expecting new Big players Internet of Things Human Information Thing Information Context- aware Services - / : - : Internet of Things - / : , - : ,
  • 11. © Auto-ID Lab Korea / KAIST Slide 11 Internet of Things – Which is right direction?
  • 12. © Auto-ID Lab Korea / KAIST Slide 12 Internet of Things – Which is right direction?
  • 13. © Auto-ID Lab Korea / KAIST Slide 13 Internet of Things – Which is right direction?
  • 14. © Auto-ID Lab Korea / KAIST Slide 14 The Road to Internet of Things Positioning Baseline Infrastructure
  • 15. © Auto-ID Lab Korea / KAIST Slide 15 GS1 Philosophy and Internet of Things Humans and things
  • 16. © Auto-ID Lab Korea / KAIST Slide 16 GS1 a long time ago …
  • 17. © Auto-ID Lab Korea / KAIST Slide 17 Home of Internet of Things GS1 & Auto-ID Labs In 1999, the Internet of Things" was first coined by Kevin Ashton who cofounded the Auto-ID Center at the MIT Business Processes and Applications Software and Network Hardware
  • 18. © Auto-ID Lab Korea / KAIST Slide 18 GS1 Member Organizations
  • 19. © Auto-ID Lab Korea / KAIST Slide 19 GS1 - Essentials
  • 20. © Auto-ID Lab Korea / KAIST Slide 20 Regulation EU No 1169/2011 Food Information Regulation
  • 21. © Auto-ID Lab Korea / KAIST Slide 21 Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA)  Food Safety Modernization Act(FSMA) was signed on January 4, 2011and aims to ensure the U.S. food supply is safe by shifting the focus from responding to contamination to preventing it. http://www.fda.gov/Food/GuidanceRegulation/FSMA/ucm247546.htm Foodborne illness is a significant burden About 48 million (1 in 6 Americans) get sick each year 128,000 are hospitalized 3,000 die
  • 22. © Auto-ID Lab Korea / KAIST Slide 22 GS1 – UDI Code for Medical Devices
  • 23. © Auto-ID Lab Korea / KAIST Slide 23 Toward GS1 Internet of Things Platform We will cover bellows, but not limited Passive Things Active Things Wireless Sensors/Actuators Smart Devices Consumer Electronics Knowledge
  • 24. © Auto-ID Lab Korea / KAIST Slide 24 Internet of Things Conceptual Architecture Future IT Eco-System Human Information Thing Information Context- aware Services Social Network Service M2M networking of Home Devices Internet Browsing Entertainment (Multimedia & Game) Home Surveillance Augmented Reality Big Data Analysis Cloud Computing Internet of Things Cloud Computing Internet of Things User log, Business activity logs, etc. Internet contents, SNS, etc. Everyday objects Multimedia (video, audio), etc. Social Network Service for IoT Three Musketeers; One for All, and All for One
  • 25. © Auto-ID Lab Korea / KAIST Slide 25 GS1 Standards & Internet of Things Research Based on GS1 Philosophy and Technology at Auto-ID Lab KAIST Oliot, Snail, Seahaven, Lilliput IoTMaaS, GPUCLOUD, CRADHN Food SCM and Safety System Project, Dr. M Project, SoC Management System Project
  • 26. © Auto-ID Lab Korea / KAIST Slide 26 Oliot stems from GS1/EPCglobal Standards (Open Language for Internet of Things)
  • 27. © Auto-ID Lab Korea / KAIST Slide 27 Object Name Service for Internet of Things Manual Service Object Name Service (ONS) manual html epcis …
  • 28. © Auto-ID Lab Korea / KAIST Slide 28 ONS 2.0 Architecture ONS Application GS1 ID AUS ONS Client FQDN NAPTR Recursive Name Server EPCIS Server ONS Peer Roots (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) Federated ONS Architecture ONS Query response  ONS Query for ONS Query Responses for the domain name  ONS Query Response contains a set of Naming Authority PoinTeR (NAPTR) Records ONS Query 0.0.6.2.2.3.1.4.1.4.1.6.0.gtin.gs1.id.onsepc.com
  • 29. © Auto-ID Lab Korea / KAIST Slide 29 Globally Federated ONS Peer Roots Pilot Testbed Plan for Federated ONS Korea JapanChina Taiwan Australia USA Brazil Switzerland England Sunchon Univ. GS1 Korea Samsung KAIST Local ONS Name Servers onsepc.kr
  • 30. © Auto-ID Lab Korea / KAIST Slide 30 EPCIS (EPC Information Service) Internet of Things Global Data Repository 30 RFID Reader & Antenna Barcode Reader ALE – Event Capturing Everyday Object EPCIS – Visibility Event Data TDS – Unification of GS1 Codes Attaching EPC Tag Attaching Bar Code Capturing Interface Query Interface Business Apps.
  • 31. © Auto-ID Lab Korea / KAIST Slide 31 Fosstrak Open Source for GS1/EPCglobal Framework (2007) https://code.google.com/p/fosstrak/
  • 32. © Auto-ID Lab Korea / KAIST Slide 32 Oliot (Spin-off project from Fosstrak) (Open Language for Internet of Things) • Smart Thing Information Service (STIS) since 2005, 2011 – Expand GS1 EPCglobal Network to integrate various sensor network protocols – Successor of EPC Sensor Network – ZigBee, 6LoWPAN/CoAP/Obix integration – Complex Event Processing, etc. Oliot will integrate EPC Sensor Network and STIS together with other protocols like Alljoyn, lwM2M, etc. and released later
  • 33. © Auto-ID Lab Korea / KAIST Slide 33 Oliot (Open Language for Internet of Things) • GS1 EPCglobal Network on the Cloud for Groceries Trace Framework since 2013 – Complete Implementation of GS1 EPCglobal Network – EPCIS Enhanced with NOSQL DB – Cloud Support – ELFIN: Enhanced LLRP- enabling Framework for the INternet of Things – Geo-discovery Service – ONS 2.0.1 implemented – Sponsored by Samsung
  • 34. © Auto-ID Lab Korea / KAIST Slide 34 What is Oliot? [transparent] [white]
  • 35. © Auto-ID Lab Korea / KAIST Slide 35 Oliot Open Source Project and Community (release on July 7, 2014) Passive Tags (e.g., passive tags, barcode) Sensor & Actuator Networks (e.g., ZigBee, 6LoWPAN, Mobile phone, BLE, AllJoyn, lwM2M etc.) Active Tags (e.g., Wireless ID and Sensor Networks) RFID Middleware LLRP LLRP Sensor & actuator protocols Sensor & actuator protocols Domain-specific capturing application Domain-specific accessing applications Sensor Interface Sensor interface EPC Information Service (static and dynamic information) ALE Actuation Interface Sensor & Actuator Middleware Object Name Service Discovery Service ZigBee 6LoWPAN/ CoAP MQTT Web service-* REST Other Comm. RFID stream processing Logical RFID reader Reader Management Sensor stream processing Sensor & actuator Management ID-Sensor stream processing  July 7 2014 – oliot 1.0 (latest implementation of EPCglobal framework, run on any cloud and supporting mysql and cassandra, upgrade of Fosstrak)  4Q 2014 – oliot 1.1 (provide EPCIS 1.1, strengthened to support GS1 keys, food industry)  2015 – oliot 2.0 (support internet of things, merging auto-id lab, KAIST’s Epc sensor network, STIS , MQTT, lwM2M, Alljoyn, and more)
  • 36. © Auto-ID Lab Korea / KAIST Slide 36 Oliot will support
  • 37. © Auto-ID Lab Korea / KAIST Slide 37 IoT Connectivity – SNAIL(Sensor Networks for All IP World) Project Since 2007 Internet of Things SNAIL Border Router (6LBR) SNAIL Node (6LN) SNAIL Node (6LN) SNAIL Node (6LN) SNAIL Node (6LN) IEEE 802.15.4 Btle IEEE 802.15.4 Btle Entertainment & Social Net. ServiceDevice Browsing & Mashup Big Data AnalysisUser Experience with IoT Service • SNAIL (Sensor Networks for an All-IP worLd) • an IP-based Wireless Sensor Networks platform • Supported Protocols • Interoperability between IPv4/v6 domains and the IEEE 802.15.4 • Lightweight IPv6, ICMPv6, MIPv6, NEMO, UDP, TCP, SSL • Dual-Mode gateway for WiFi AP and IP-WSN edge router • CoAP, HTML5, Web browsing (HTTP/TCP) • Mesh routing in adaptation layer, Addressing • DTLS/BLE ongoing
  • 38. © Auto-ID Lab Korea / KAIST Slide 38 IoT Connectivity – SNAIL(Sensor Networks for All IP World) Project Since 2007
  • 39. © Auto-ID Lab Korea / KAIST Slide 39 Web-based Visualization/WOT PAAS • Smart devices and consumer electronics are equipped with web/CoAP servers that can response directly to requests from the Internet • Presentation Cloud provides rich web contents to support those embedded web servers • Sensing data and Actuation commands/results are retrieved directly from web browser and display on top of rich web interface, either in numbers or in graphs (HTML5) No app. Download Any medical devices and Sensors either old or new
  • 40. © Auto-ID Lab Korea / KAIST Slide 40 Seahaven - Visual Sensor Networks Platform
  • 41. © Auto-ID Lab Korea / KAIST Slide 41 Seahaven - Visual Sensor Networks Platform
  • 42. © Auto-ID Lab Korea / KAIST Slide 42 IoTMaaS – IoT Mashup as a Service Cloud • IoT Mashup as a Service Cloud Low Traffic Thing Selection Processing Logic Selection Computation Resource Selection
  • 43. © Auto-ID Lab Korea / KAIST Slide 43 Lilliput – IoT Social Network Service Two Space Reflection Manager Online Social Networks IoT Social Graph Lilliput APIs LilliputArchitecture IoT Social Model IoT Platforms Application Application Application Real world context Metadata, etc Smart Thing Personal profiles social relationships, etc Web Service Interface Graph BuilderElement Extractor Querying Manager Access Controller Thing Service Invoker Service Invocation e.g. Air-conditioning Publishing message Updating relationships Graph Utilization Manager Security Manager Lilliput Reflection Manager OSN Publisher IoT-Social Graph Manager Modification Manager xAcceptable Request Unacceptable Request Reasoning Manager Rules Smart Thing Service Manager ExternalComponents Entity Manager Relationship Manager Sync. Manager Query Engine Reasoning Engine Notification Receiver Chg. Notif. Manager • Lilliput – IOT SNS • Sorcerer’s Book – Demonstrating using IoT SNS Application, Lilliput API Lilliput Architecture Sorcerer’s Book
  • 44. © Auto-ID Lab Korea / KAIST Slide 44 Smart Agriculture and Food Safety Systems Pilot Project
  • 45. © Auto-ID Lab Korea / KAIST Slide 45 Oliot Open Source & Community Project (release on July 7, 2014, http://oliot.org) We are looking for collaborators: - developing open sources together such as GS1 source, GS1 digital, Alljoyn, oneM2M, SAMI, Apple Healthkit/Homekit, MQTT, etc. - companies who do business with our oliot project - architecting IoT world including food SCM and safety systems, health care/medicare, retail systems, and etc. http://oliot.org
  • 46. © Auto-ID Lab Korea / KAIST Slide 46 Thank you!

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