Restorative Justice: a guide for young people


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Youth Justice Agency. Belfast

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Restorative Justice: a guide for young people

  1. 1. uide forAG Peo ple Yo ung Respect Evolve Sincerity Together Observe Repair Harm Attitude Trust Involved Victim Equality Juvenile Unite Solve Tolerate Initiate Co operate Educate
  2. 2. ContentsIntroduction 02What is Restorative Justice 03Restorative Justice in Criminal Justice System 06Restorative Justice in the Community 10Definitions 12Contacts 14
  3. 3. Introduction Restorative Justice is a way to deal with a situation where a person or a community has been harmed, a way to put something right ……….To find out more please keep reading. The poetry and art in this book have been produced as a result of competitions run by the Restorative Justice Forum and The Youth Justice Agency. We have included these pieces to help demonstrate whatrestorative justice is and how it has impacted on people who have had the experience of taking part in it. We hope that once you have read this book you will understand the benefits of restorative justice. Links to Websites
  4. 4. Re storative JusticeW hat’s it all about? Restorative Justice - is about restoring relationships Within the Criminal Justice System restorative justice gives offenders a chance to understand how, what they have done affects others and a chance to make up for it. It also gives vic- tims a chance to get answers to their questions and tell an offender how they have been affected. You can also find examples of restorative justice within schools, residential care settings and the community. Some examples of these can be found later in the book. Fixing Things Bones, trees, cars and trust Faith, laws, blown like dust Phones, beds, promises and rules Hearts and minds owned by fools Chairs, doors, windows, chains Loyalties, relationships at times end in pain Some can be seen Some can be ignored At the end of the day All need restored
  5. 5. e Justice put into Practice Restorativ t the s no matter wha ually follow th e same proces meeting will usA rest orative justicesituation. ked of Typical Questions as ked ofTypical Questions as a victiman offender hen you What did you think w ppened? What happened? realised what had ha ghts What have your thou ng What were you thinki been since? about at the time? you and How has this affected ghts What have your thou others? been since? rdest What has been the ha ed by Who has been affect thing for you? what you did? eds to What do you think ne ey been gs right? In what way have th happen to make thin affected? eds to What do you think ne gs right? happen to make thin h choice. g is there throug tends a re storative meetin Anyone who at e victim a person the of fender, th m eeting include als from the nd a restorative er and individu People who might atte th the victim and the of fend pporters of bo to mediate, su ed. the harm occurr co mmunity where
  6. 6. Restorative Justice in the Criminal Justice SystemProbation Board for NI (PBNI) ers over 18 and withPBNI work mainly with offend ults in one of the 10any victim whose case res ise.sentences which they superv with the harm causedIn order to help victims deal at they have done, PBNI arr angeto them and to hel p offenders face up to wh involved. This may ender who is willing to berestorative meetings or contact with any victim or off y do not want to meet. hange of information if the be a fac e to face meeting or an exc sations. nity restorative justice organi PBNI also work with commu can be difficult, it ed in a restorative meeting that although being involv Victims and offenders say culties which resulted from the offence. can really hel p sort out some of the diffi Police Service of Northern Ireland tice in a number of ways The Police use Restorative Jus and anti social behaviour to deal with low level crime torative Caution known - Informed Warning or Res used to try and stop as Diversionary Disposals are . Police recognise young someone from re-offending h lack of experience or people make mistakes throug torative disposal gives pressure from friends. A res nce to meet the people the young person the cha ir actions and it does not who have been hurt by the require them to attend court. t of problems that can - When dealing with the sor life, and make them affect someone’s everyday neighbour disputes or feel angry or frustrated, like ice help bring together nuisance behaviour, the pol each other and come to those involved to listen to blem. an agreement to fix the pro
  7. 7. Youth Justice Agency The Youth Justice Agency provide a Restorative approach to Youth Crime by a process called a youth conference which can be either diversionary (not dealt with in court therefore not a conviction) or court ordered. The youth conference is a restorative meeting which brings together the offender and whoever has been affected by the offence e.g. the victim and the community. The outcome from the meeting is a youth conference action plan which has been agreed by everyone at the meeting. This action plan which the offender has to complete can include things like community service, an apology to the victim, payment for damage caused, treatment for addiction or programmes to assist with employment or training opportunities. Once the action plan is agreed, it must be approved by either the Public Prosecution Service or the District Judge in the Youth Court before it can start.What scares me about a restorative conference alt withIn Court you just get de ve toAt a conference you ha done.Face up to, and talk about what you’ve do is toThe last thing I want to uld melt my head,Talk about things. It wo ng up!It would bring everythi t running away I know that Court is jus nsequences but From facing up to the co use you don’t It’s easier in Court, beca you’ve done and Have to face up to what Who you’ve hurt. rve it. le and they don’t dese I’ve done things to peop ion, probably the best solut A Re storative Conference is But it scares ME!
  8. 8. YouthConference
  9. 9. RestorativeJustice in the Community Community Restorative Justice Community Restorative Justice groups such as Alternatives NI and Community Restorative Justice Ireland deliver restorative practises in the community at local level. Both agencies have offices throughout Northern Ireland and provide programmes of mediation; conferencing; family group conferencing; youth programmes; family support; schools work and victim support. As well as working restoratively in their communities they also work with the Youth Justice Agency, Public Prosecution Service, Police Service Northern Ireland, Northern Ireland Housing Executive and Social Services ensuring communities are involved in the justice process.
  10. 10. Sycamore Tree The Prison Fellowship NI provide a programme called Sycamore Tree for offenders in prison. The programme teaches offenders what restorative justice is and to understand the effect of crime on victims, offenders and the community. They also get to hear directly from the victim of a crime learning how it can affect their life. “taking responsibility for my actions, I stopped thinking about myself and started thinking of others” Participant on Sycamore TreeVictim SupportVictim Support helps people affected by any type of crime. They providesupport to victims involved in restorative justice meetings with the YouthJustice Agency or in prison through the Probation Service.
  11. 11. ExternExtern uses restorative practises in both its community andresidential projects. At Linden Services for Children ResidentialUnit restorative practises are used to help manage youngpeople’s behaviour. Barnardo’s NI Barnardo’s provide support to staff in residential care to use restorative practises as a way of reducing the number of children in care getting into trouble with the police for bad behaviour. Some examples of how they do this are: One to One: if one person says or does something that upsets or hurts another person they talk to them about it Small Group: when one or two young people are upsetting each other a staff member talks to them directly Circle: If one person upsets everyone else they all come together to discuss it Restorative meeting: When a young person is involved in something serious a meeting is arranged between them and the person who has been harmed. At the meeting they try to repair the relationship and to agree what can be done to make up for the harm caused.
  12. 12. DefinitionsOf fender –Victim – Community – Re-offending – Conference – Diversionary Youth Conference – Court Ordered Youth g run smoothly is independent and will help the meetin Medi ator – a person who Blind Date As Bill and I were walk I saw a mu ing ddy sod, Outside Mrs . Mitchell’s “Ya see her, house. she’s a Prod !” I bet ya wo uld’nt throw I bet ya nev that brick, er could.” “Put that bri ck into my I bet ya tha hand t I would” The brick w ent through I saw it hit the window her head. , We both th en started ru In fear that nning she was de ad. I saw the p aramediics Carefully sti tch her hea I felt such a d. guilty low-l I wished it ife was me ins tead. Later I wen t to the hos I heard the pital. family sighs My conscien ce made me It made me do somethin apologise. g. I walked into her room And stood th ere by her b I saw the p ed. ain that I ha The stitches d caused, in her head .
  13. 13. ContactsYouth Justice Agency Prison Fellowship Northern Ireland41-43 Waring Street 39 University StreetBelfast BelfastBT1 2DY BT7 1FYTelephone: 028 9031 6400 02890 243691Fax: 028 9031 6402/3 info@pfni.orgEmail: Victim SupportPBNI Victims Unit Annsgate HouseOffice 40 Imperial Buildings 3rd Floor 70/74 Ann Street72 High Street BelfastBT1 2BE BT1 4EHTelephone: 028 9032 1972 02890 244039 Secretariat Community Restorative Justice (Ireland)Police Service of Northern Ireland 786 Springfield RoadPolice Headquarters BelfastBrooklyn BT12 7JD65 Knock RoadBelfast NI Alternatives LtdBT5 6LE 64 Woodvale Road0845 600 8000 Belfast BT13 3BT 02890 311420Barnardo’s Northern Ireland542-544 Upper Newtownards RoadBelfastBT4 3HE02890 672366ExternHydepark House3 McKinney RoadNewtownabbeyBT36 4PETel: 02890
  14. 14. Corporate Headquarters41-43 Waring StreetBelfast BT1 2DYTel: 028 9031 6400Fax: 028 9031 6402/3Email: