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Beowulf study questions

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  • 1. BeowulfStudy QuestionsDirections: Type your answers using complete sentences. That is, transpose words from the question to frame your answer. Identify the lines from the poem that support your answer. Put these in parenthesis after each answer. Name all characters in the answer. Skip a line between questions to leave room for corrections. The goal is to end up with a coherent synopsis of the epic poem which will help you on the tests.For example:Question: Why does Beowulf fight Grendel?Answer: Beowulf fights Grendel because…… (53-114)NOT: He fights him because….NOT: because he…..-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Prologue: 1-52 1. Why does Shild become king? 2. What do Shild’s warriors do when Shild dies?Chapter 1: 53-114 3. Who is Hrothgar? 4. Why does Hrothgar build the Hall Herot? 5. Find an example of Christian religious detail that might have been added to the original pagan epic.Chapter 2: 115-188 6. What does Grendel do at Herot? 7. What does Grendel dare not touch? Why?Chapter 3: 189-257 8. Why do Beowulf and the Geats sail across the sea to Hrothgar? 9. How does the Danish watchman describe Beowulf’s arrival as different from others?
  • 2. Chapter 4: 258-319 10. Name Beowulf’s king and his father.VOCABULARY: Renown – Dispense – Anathena – Lair – Respite – Malignant – Blundering – Wassail – Aghast – Parlay – Heathen – Riven (193) – Omens – Canny – Prow – Interloper – Proffer (278) – Respite (281) – Undaunted – Astride – Gumption – Preen – Gallant (312) -Chapter 5: 320-370 11. Why does the Danish warrior make Beowulf and his men wait?VOCABULARY: Stook (329) -Chapter 6: 371-455 12. How does Hrothgar know Beowulf?VOCABULARY: Recompense (385) –
  • 3. Wane – Whetted –Chapter 7: 456-498 13. Even though Hrothgar is not the oldest son, how did he get to be king?VOCABULARY Stalwart (494) -Chapter 8: 499-558 14. Why doesn’t Unferth like Beowulf? 15. How does Beowulf defend himself against Unferth?VOCABULARY Brook (502) – Filigree – Swathed (555) –Chapter 9: 559-661 16. Beowulf accuses Unferth of what crime? 17. *line607+ Why is Hrothgar called a “ring-giver”? (Notice that Shild was, too, in line 35. Hint: what does the ring signify?) 18. Why does Hrothgar leave when the sun goes down?VOCABULARY: Slopped (566) – Mizzle (596) – Reprisal (602) – Ward (658) – Mettle (659) -Chapter 10: 662-709 19. Why does Beowulf decide not to use his sword to fight Grendel?VOCABULARY: Loom (device -696) -
  • 4. Chapter 11: 710-790 20. How does Grendel react when Beowulf grabs him? Why does he react this way?VOCABULARY: Lope (711) – Bane (712) – Baleful (726) – Quailed (752) – Monger (763) – Manacled (788) –Chapter 12: 790-836 21. What is hung from the rafters of Herot?VOCABULARY: Harrow – Sinews (814) – Fen -Chapter 13: 837-924 22. Where has Grendel gone?VOCABULARY: Ignominious – Wallow – Mere – Prowess (900) – Redress (907) -Chapter 14: 925-990 23. Who does Hrothgar thank first?VOCABULARY: Solace (932) – Requite – Hasp (975) -
  • 5. Chapter 15: 991-1049 24. What six gifts does Hrothgar give to Beowulf?VOCABULARY: Throng (992) – Unscathed (999) –Chapter 16: 1050-1124 25. How does Hrothgar compensate for the one Geat who died?VOCABULARY: Waylaid (1075) – Arbitrate (1107) –Chapter 17: 1125-1191 26. What would you say is the moral of the story of Finn? (Hint: Think about why they tell this story now, after Grendel’s defeat.)VOCABULARY: Hankered (1142) – Boon (1173) -Chapter 18: 1192-1250 27. What does Welthow ask of Beowulf?VOCABULARY: Resplendent (1194) – Torque (1216) -Chapter 19: 1251-1320 28. Who wants revenge for Grendel’s death?
  • 6. VOCABULARY: Fell (1262) – Sallied (1278) – Raze (1287) – Depredations – Scud – Pale -Chapter 20: 1321-1382 29. Why does it matter to Hrothgar that the monster has killed Esher?Chapter 21: 1383-1472 30. How has Unferth’s attitude changed?VOCABULARY: Bulwark (1389) – Plaited (1401) - Dismal (1414) -Chapter 22: 1472-1556 31. In what way is Beowulf’s battle here similar to his fight with Grendel?Chapter 23: 1557-1650 32. In the underwater home of Grendel’s mother, what two things does Beowulf find?VOCABULARY: Fettle (1641) -Chapter 24: 1651-1739 33. In what way was Hermod a bad king?VOCABULARY: Damascened – Yore – Venerable – Caroused – Pariah – Bent –
  • 7. Paltry – Depredations – Elated -Chapter 25: 1740-1816 34. Here is some foreshadowing! What does Hrothgar want Beowulf to reject? What should Beowulf choose instead?VOCABULARY (1800 -2195): Alacrity – Depredations – Reproach – Peerless – Loping – Ensconced – Regalia – Vehement -Chapter 26: 1817-1887 35. Before Beowulf returns home, what two things does he promise to Hrothgar?Chapter 27: 1888-1962 36. What does Beowulf give to the boat’s watchman?Chapter 28: 1963-2038 37. Why does Hrothgar plan to give his daughter Freaw in marriage to Ingeld?Chapter 29: 2039-2092 38. What is Beowulf talking about in the second half of this chapter?Chapter 30: 2093-2143 39. *line 2141+ Interpret the meaning of the metaphor when Beowulf says, “My death was not written.”VOCABULARY: Virulent – Reconnoiter -
  • 8. Chapter 31: 2221-2311 40. How long has Beowulf been king when the dragon awakes?Chapter 32: 2221-2311 41. Why is the dragon angry? 42. [lines 2249-2252+ Interpret the meaning of “War and terror have swept away my people, shut their eyes.”Chapter 33: 2312-2390 NO QuestionChapter 34: 2391-2459 43. [lines 2419-2425+ Interpret the meaning of “Beowulf’s heart was heavy….Body and soul might part here.”Chapter 35: 2460-2601 44. What is Beowulf’s boast?VOCABULARY: Suppurating –Chapter 36: 2604-2693 45. Who is the only one of Beowulf’s comrades that does not run?Chapter 37: 2694-2751 46. What causes Beowulf’s death?Chapter 38: 2752-2820 47. What does Beowulf ask Wiglaf to do?Chapter 39: 2821-2891 48. Wiglaf accuses the other men of failing in what way?VOCABULARY: Litany – Abasement – Extol -
  • 9. Chapter 40: 2892-2945 49. According to Wiglaf’s messenger, how will things change now that Beowulf is dead?Chapter 41: 2946-3057 50. How do Beowulf’s men feel now, after having heard the messenger’s warning?Chapter 42: 3058-3136 51. Why does Wiglaf order the treasures to be destroyed?Chapter 43: 3137-3182 52. Look back at Hrothgar’s advice to Beowulf in chapter 25 *1761-1768]. What would you say is Beowulf