Zero Fatal Injuries in agriculture
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Zero Fatal Injuries in agriculture

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Professor Peter Lundqvist presents a research on farm safety & health in Sweden and the Kuopio declaration against fatal injuries in agriculture

Professor Peter Lundqvist presents a research on farm safety & health in Sweden and the Kuopio declaration against fatal injuries in agriculture

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  • 1. Zero fatal injuries in agriculture - a commitment for Sweden ?! Peter Lundqvist PhD, Professor, Head of Department Department of Work Science, Business Economy and Environmental Psychology Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences Alnarp, Sweden Rome, September 25, 2008
  • 2. The farm – the best place to grow up - if you survive!
  • 3. Number of fatal injuries at work in Swedish agriculture and forestry, 1998-2008 Year Agriculture Forestry Total 2000 8 6 14 2001 7 3 10 2002 4 7 11 2003 2 3 5 2004 10 3 13 2005 2 16 18 2006 9 4 13 2007 8 11 19 2008 3 4 7
  • 4. Number of fatal work related injuries per 100 000 employed in Sweden 1999-2007 25 Agric. / Forestry Manufacture 20 Construction 15 Transport 10 5 0 1999 2001 2003 2005 2007
  • 5. Injuries in Swedish agriculture • 400 in official statistics – no problem! • 5000 real injuries – big problem !* * Pinzke & Lundqvist, 2005
  • 6. Occupational accidents in Swedish farming and forestry in 2004 Accidents by type of farming 45 40 35 30 25 % 20 15 10 5 0 Crop husbandry Dairy cattles Other livestock Mixed farming Small farm units • More than 70% of the injuries occurred on farms with animal production • 15% of all farms with dairy cattle had at least one injury
  • 7. Occupational accidents in Swedish farming and forestry in 2004, 1987 Accidents per million man-hours and type of farming 250 225 200 175 150 125 2004 100 1987 75 50 25 0 Crop husbandry Dairy cattles Other livestock Mixed farming Small farm units Total • The injury frequency was highest for the small farm units (< 400 work hours/year)
  • 8. Occupational accidents in Swedish farming and forestry in 2004 Accidents by age 60 50 40 % 30 20 10 0 18-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55-64 65- Missing Age (years) • Almost half of the injured were 55 years or older • Worked 28 years in the branch (mean) • 72% had worked 10 years and more
  • 9. Results • 63% sought medical service – 61% at hospital – 21% at health centre – 9% called for ambulance • 14 days absence from work (total, in average) – 32 days absence >1 day • 16% sick listed • 9 days sick listed (total, in average) – 56 days sick listed >1 day • 11% reported as a work injury
  • 10. Conclusions • High frequency of accidents and injuries in agriculture • The level of un-reported injuries is very high! • Powerful measures is needed!
  • 11. Powerful measures is needed! What is done & what is needed - in Sweden? - in the Nordic countries?
  • 12. Legislation (Enforcement) • The Swedish Work Environment Authority is the administrative authority for questions relating to the working environment • Renewal, amendment and amalgamation of Provisions New knowledge concerning risks and changes in working life, as well as new EU Directives, make the development of Provisions an ongoing task
  • 13. Legislation (Enforcement) • Examples of provisions with a focus on agriculture: ”Use of chainsaws and brush saws”, ”Pesticides” ….. • A new provision is on it´s way: ”Working with animals”
  • 14. Engineering Machine-safety is a question of liability • The manufacturer is liable for delivered products being CE-marked and also the products fulfilling all safety requirements laid down in EC-directives and standards • Machines and production lines that are used in the production process must also fulfil high safety requirements
  • 15. Engineering Working with the industry is essential in order to speed up the process: An example: adjustable working height in parlours
  • 16. Education in farm safety & health • The agricultural colleges (16-19 years of age) • The Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences • Training and advice for farmers and farm workers
  • 17. Education in farm safety & health Examples from SLU (Ag university) courses • Safety & health in agriculture (web based) • Working with animals (safety, ergonomics & leadership) • Work psychology & leadership • Leadership & organisation • Health & safety along the food chain
  • 18. Research on farm safety & health Funding resources in Sweden • The Swedish Farmers’ Foundation for Agricultural Research – is the Swedish agricultural industry’s organization for funding research and development. The purpose of the foundation is to strengthen the competitive ability of Swedish agriculture • The Swedish Research Council for Environment, Agricultural Sciences and Spatial Planning (Formas) • The Royal Swedish Academy of Agriculture and Forestry • Insurance companies, EU ! …………
  • 19. Research on farm safety & health Injury prevention Ergonomics Work Science at SLU Alnarp Work Working life organization development & psychosocial factors
  • 20. Research on farm safety & health Examples from SLU (Ag university) • Safe handling of large farm animals • ATV use & handling • Milking ergonomics • Stress & Psychosocial aspects of farming • Injuries among farm children & teenagers • Slow-moving vehicles in the traffic • Working with horses (ergonomics & safety aspects)
  • 21. Collaboration & partners The Swedish Committee on Health and Safety in Agriculture (LAMK) • The Farm Workers Union (Kommunal) • The Farmer Employers Organisation (SLA) • The Federation of Swedish Farmers (LRF) • The Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU) • The Swedish Institute of Agricultural and Environmental Engineering (JTI) • The Swedish Trade Association for Suppliers of Mobile Machines (ML)
  • 22. These measures did not solve the problems with injuries in agriculture! We need some new initiatives
  • 23. The Kuopio declaration against fatal injuries in agriculture During the Nordic Meeting on Agricultural Occupational Health in Kuopio, Finland (NMAOH 2006), the participants declared a number of suggested actions directed towards the authorities and stakeholders to join in the effort and work towards achieving the vision of zero fatal injuries in agriculture
  • 24. The Kuopio declaration against fatal injuries in agriculture By the year 2012 – there should be no fatal injuries in Nordic agriculture • Develop national action plans against injuries in agriculture involving all relevant stakeholders in the agriculture sector • Establish and enhance national resource / information and coordination centres for agricultural health and safety
  • 25. The Kuopio declaration against fatal injuries in agriculture • Comprehensive occupational health services should be available to everyone working in the agricultural sector • Detailed and reliable statistics on injuries in agriculture should be presented at a yearly basis • Information and education about health and safety needs to be further developed and implemented for farmers and others working in agriculture • Education about health, safety & leadership should be implemented in the whole education system from pre- school to university
  • 26. A Swedish Commission As a consequence of: • the Kuopio declaration • the study on injury statistics • the media attention ….and the alarming total situation of injuries in agriculture, the Swedish Government initiated a Commission to develop an action program against injuries on farms
  • 27. A Swedish Commission The results from the Commission included calculations on the economical consequences of injuries in agriculture for the whole Swedish society based on the results presented in this paper. According to these calculations the economical consequences reaches a yearly level of 2 – 3 billion SEK (200 – 300 million Euro). This is also compared with similar calculations in Norway: 1, 45 billion NKR per year (200 million Euro)
  • 28. Report to the Swedish Government Main Recommendations: • Farm safety instructors • A National Competence & Resource Centre • Voluntary ”driver license” for chain-saw users
  • 29. Report to the Swedish Government Special attention to: • Child injury prevention • Injury prevention among the older population
  • 30. Report to the Swedish Government Further suggestions: • Increase the demands on the dealers of agricultural tractors and machinery • Improved statistics • Improved actions for seasonal workers • Improved education •Further research
  • 31. Response from the Swedish Government Mission to Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), The Swedish Institute of Agricultural and Environmental Engineering (JTI) and The Federation of Swedish Farmers (LRF): • Develop a system of farm advisors / educators • Provide training for these persons during 2008-09 • Plan for a first action period (2009-2013), related to the EU Rural Development Programme
  • 32. The current process Workshops T in A steps R Koncept Training Training G Advisors E E of of Individual Supervision U T trainers trainers on the farm Farmers G Step I Step II Koncept R O Material Material Supervision Others in groups U ”Farmwalks” P S Koncept
  • 33. A recent headline from Land Lantbruk The number of injuries will be reduced by half The Swedish Board of Agriculture wants to spend 40 million SEK (4,1 million Euro) per year (2009- 2013) in order to reduce the number of injuries in agriculture and forestry …………but that was too optimistic!...we are still waiting to know the final amount………..
  • 34. The current process Discussing three concepts: 1. Farm visits - a trained ”person” visiting the farms in order to give on site safety & health discussions & advice 2. Farm walks – organized group activities on private farms
  • 35. The current process 3. Workshops; The farmer driven approach ”the safe farmer attitude” with trained farmers as the driving force (inspired by ”FarmSafe NZ”): a) Awareness (workshop) b) Farmsafe Plans for your own farm (workshop) c) Skills (Training - increasing the practical skills)
  • 36. What I would like to discuss further! • An EU-based network / organisation for safety and health in agriculture • An annual or bi-annual EU-based meeting on safety and health in agriculture • A joint EU-project with a focus on strategies for injury prevention in agriculture • Could we link EU-support & working conditions on farms?!
  • 37. Thank you! We need to work together & sharing experiences in order to create a safe & healthy industry – to be proud of!
  • 38. The 2008 Nordic Meeting on Agricultural Occupational Health (NMAOH) Aarhus, Denmark, September 1-3, 2008 Two years after the Kuopio declaration was adapted during the Nordic Meeting in Finland it was time to meet again to present, share and discuss studies, research and actions related to the health and safety in the agricultural sector.
  • 39. The 2008 Nordic Meeting on Agricultural Occupational Health (NMAOH) Aarhus, Denmark, September 1-3, 2008 Agriculture remain one of the most dangerous industries. The high level of fatal and non fatal injuries is alarming – and it is not yet improving in the Nordic countries. On the other hand - we can also conclude that there has been initiated a number of promising initiatives and action programs in the Nordic countries in order to reduce the number of injuries.
  • 40. The 2008 Nordic Meeting on Agricultural Occupational Health (NMAOH) Aarhus, Denmark, September 1-3, 2008 We, the participants who took part in the Nordic Meeting on Agricultural Occupational Health (58 participants), held here in Aarhus, Denmark, from September 1-3 2008, discussed the present situation and suggests further actions in order to reduce the number of injuries in agriculture:
  • 41. The 2008 Nordic Meeting on Agricultural Occupational Health (NMAOH) Aarhus, Denmark, September 1-3, 2008 • Important to show the consequences (economical & personal) of injuries on farm level • The individual farmer ought to have a zero-vision of injuries on his/her farm • Knowledge, skills and understanding of personal responsibilities are key issues to develop for all people active in the agricultural sector
  • 42. The 2008 Nordic Meeting on Agricultural Occupational Health (NMAOH) Aarhus, Denmark, September 1-3, 2008 • It would be positive if authorities and others regulating the farms and the farmers could focus and further develop their roles as advisors and supporters of farmers health & safety • Important to identify risk groups and target special actions towards these groups • Important to focus on farmers attitudes & behaviour and how to motivate them to think and act with safety in mind
  • 43. The 2008 Nordic Meeting on Agricultural Occupational Health (NMAOH) Aarhus, Denmark, September 1-3, 2008 • There is still a demand for financial resources in order to fulfil national and Nordic / international action programs against injuries in agriculture • EU-funding such as the Rural Development Program are valuable resources that ought to be further adapted to this area of actions