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Age Of Absolutism Extending Spanish Power
Age Of Absolutism Extending Spanish Power
Age Of Absolutism Extending Spanish Power
Age Of Absolutism Extending Spanish Power
Age Of Absolutism Extending Spanish Power
Age Of Absolutism Extending Spanish Power
Age Of Absolutism Extending Spanish Power
Age Of Absolutism Extending Spanish Power
Age Of Absolutism Extending Spanish Power
Age Of Absolutism Extending Spanish Power
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Age Of Absolutism Extending Spanish Power

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Extending Spanish Power

Extending Spanish Power

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  • 1. The Age of Absolutism <ul><li>The Rise of Spain, France and England as nation-states </li></ul>
  • 2. Spain <ul><li>By the 1500’s Spain had become the first modern European power. </li></ul><ul><li>Under Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand, Spain had expelled the last of the Muslim rulers. </li></ul><ul><li>They had financed Columbus’ voyages to the new world. </li></ul><ul><li>Spain had led the conquest of the Americas </li></ul>
  • 3. Spain <ul><li>By 1519, Spain was so </li></ul><ul><li>large and so difficult to </li></ul><ul><li>rule that King Charles V </li></ul><ul><li>divided it in half and went </li></ul><ul><li>off to live in a monastery. </li></ul>
  • 4. Spain <ul><li>He gave the Hapsburg empire of central Europe to his brother, Ferdinand. </li></ul>
  • 5. Spain <ul><li>He gave Spain, the Netherlands, southern Italy and Spain’s overseas empire to his son Philip. </li></ul>
  • 6. King Philip of Spain <ul><li>Under Philip, Spain became the most powerful nation in Europe. </li></ul><ul><li>Philip reigned as an absolute monarch, a ruler with complete authority over the government and the lives of the people. </li></ul><ul><li>He believed he ruled due to divine right, authority given him directly from God. </li></ul>
  • 7. King Philip of Spain <ul><li>From Spain he “defended” the Roman Catholic Church against the spread of Protestantism and Islam. </li></ul><ul><li>He fought the Ottoman Empire to prevent the spread of Islam in the Mediterranean. </li></ul><ul><li>He fought the English and the Netherlands to prevent the spread of Protestantism in Northern Europe. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1588, the Spanish Armada was sunk in the English Channel as they tried to invade England. </li></ul>
  • 8. Spain’s siglo de oro or golden century <ul><li>From 1550 to 1650 Spanish artists and writers produced many brilliant works of art. </li></ul><ul><li>Artists </li></ul><ul><li>El Greco </li></ul><ul><li>Diego Velazquez </li></ul>
  • 9. Spain’s siglo de oro or golden century <ul><li>Authors </li></ul><ul><li>Lope de Vega </li></ul><ul><li>Miguel de Cervantes </li></ul>
  • 10. The economic decline of Spain <ul><li>By the late 1600’s, France had replaced </li></ul><ul><li>Spain as the most powerful European </li></ul><ul><li>nation. </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of leadership </li></ul><ul><li>Costly foreign wars </li></ul><ul><li>High taxes to pay for war </li></ul><ul><li>Expulsion of Protestants, Muslims and Jews </li></ul>

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