Age Of Absolutism Extending Spanish Power
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Age Of Absolutism Extending Spanish Power

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Extending Spanish Power

Extending Spanish Power

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Age Of Absolutism Extending Spanish Power Age Of Absolutism Extending Spanish Power Presentation Transcript

  • The Age of Absolutism
    • The Rise of Spain, France and England as nation-states
  • Spain
    • By the 1500’s Spain had become the first modern European power.
    • Under Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand, Spain had expelled the last of the Muslim rulers.
    • They had financed Columbus’ voyages to the new world.
    • Spain had led the conquest of the Americas
  • Spain
    • By 1519, Spain was so
    • large and so difficult to
    • rule that King Charles V
    • divided it in half and went
    • off to live in a monastery.
  • Spain
    • He gave the Hapsburg empire of central Europe to his brother, Ferdinand.
  • Spain
    • He gave Spain, the Netherlands, southern Italy and Spain’s overseas empire to his son Philip.
  • King Philip of Spain
    • Under Philip, Spain became the most powerful nation in Europe.
    • Philip reigned as an absolute monarch, a ruler with complete authority over the government and the lives of the people.
    • He believed he ruled due to divine right, authority given him directly from God.
  • King Philip of Spain
    • From Spain he “defended” the Roman Catholic Church against the spread of Protestantism and Islam.
    • He fought the Ottoman Empire to prevent the spread of Islam in the Mediterranean.
    • He fought the English and the Netherlands to prevent the spread of Protestantism in Northern Europe.
    • In 1588, the Spanish Armada was sunk in the English Channel as they tried to invade England.
  • Spain’s siglo de oro or golden century
    • From 1550 to 1650 Spanish artists and writers produced many brilliant works of art.
    • Artists
    • El Greco
    • Diego Velazquez
  • Spain’s siglo de oro or golden century
    • Authors
    • Lope de Vega
    • Miguel de Cervantes
  • The economic decline of Spain
    • By the late 1600’s, France had replaced
    • Spain as the most powerful European
    • nation.
    • Lack of leadership
    • Costly foreign wars
    • High taxes to pay for war
    • Expulsion of Protestants, Muslims and Jews